An adverbial can be an adverb:

He spoke angrily.
They live here.
We will be back soon.

or an adverb with a quantifier:

He spoke really angrily.
They live just here.
We will go quite soon.
We will go as soon as possible.

or a phrase with a preposition:

He spoke in an angry voice.
They live in London.
We will go in a few minutes.

Adverbials 1


Adverbials 2


Adverbials 3



Please tell me if the adverb 'already' is a sentence adverb (an adverb modifying a whole sentence/clause) in the following examples
1) She was running quite fast already when she started speed training
2) She was already very thin when she had liposuction
3)My mother was already pregnant when she married my father

Hello Darshanie Ratnawalli,

'already' is not a sentence adverb here, nor is it commonly used as one. Sentence adverbs typically go at the beginning of the sentence -- you can read more about them here.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you Kirk. Can you tell me what syntactic function the adverb 'too' performs in the following two sentences and what it is modifying
1) I knew it only two well
2) He drank too much

Hello Darshanie Ratnawalli,

The first sentence has an error in it. I expect you meant to write 'too' rather than 'two'.

In both sentences, the adverb 'too' is functioning as a degree adverb. However, like the adverb 'very', it is not used to modify verbs but rather to modify determiners (too much money), pronouns (too much), adjectives (too good) or other adverbs (too well).



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter
But doesn't it modify verbs? What about "The president inaugurated the sessions. He made a presentation too" Doesn't it also modify noun phrases? "The Smiths went out of town. They took the children too."

Hello Darshanie Ratnawalli,

This is a different use and meaning of 'too'. Your earlier examples showed 'too' used to mean 'excessively', whereas here it is used to mean 'in addition' or 'also'.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sirs,
is this sentence correct'' the woman who sell fish also sell yam''.

Hello philharis,

Not quite. You need to use the third-person form after 'the woman':

The woman who sells fish also sells yams.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hi dear teacher.
I have question about from of question on the task,"they behaved very badly"the answer was N-V-I-
Am i right??but im confused "they"is the subject.and why here we called as noun??
Best regard Ali.

Hello Ali boroki,

'they' is the subject of the sentence, and it is also a pronoun, which is a kind of a noun. When we speak about 'nouns', 'adjectives', 'verbs', 'adverbs, 'prepositions', we're talking about parts of speech -- in other words, the kinds of words that exist in sentences.

When we talk about a 'subject' and a 'verb', we're also talking about the parts of a sentence, but looking more at how they work together to make meaning. In this case, 'they' is a pronoun, and this pronoun (which is a kind of noun) is also the subject of the verb.

Think of a vegetable, for example, a carrot. From one perspective, a carrot is something you plant in a garden. From another perspective, it is a kind of food. It's similar with us calling 'they' a noun in one place and a subject in another.

Does that make sense?

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team