Level: intermediate

We can use a modal verb with have and a past participle:

Subject Modal have Past participle  
They will have arrived by now.
You might have seen the film.
Jack and Jill would have been late.

We use a modal verb with have:

  • to refer back from the present:

It's nearly eight o'clock. They will have arrived by now.

  • to refer back from a point of time in the past:

We were very worried. We thought someone might have taken the car.

  • to refer back from a point of time in the future:

We won't eat until they arrive. They might not have had supper.

  • to refer to past time:

You should have helped her when she asked.
They might have got lost. Nobody knows where they are.

Modal verbs with have 1

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Modal verbs with have 2

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Comments

Hello everyone, I'm from Georgian (I'm Georgian, not American :d)
What is the best way to improve your communication skills in English?
I know how to say correctly but when I speak I do mistakes
I'm waiting for advices... thank you!!!

do not worry about mistakes it is important to learn more from mistakes to be good speaker

hi 
i m Sami Michel from syria 
i m  trying to improve my skills in english  <
i wish i could communicate with a friends < and speak english with them

I am pleased to join  this site . I want to learn English so kindly help me.

Hi! I can help you if you want. I can send some grammar books that could be helpful

Hi Miztli
I want to improve my grammar.if you send your grammar books, i will read them.
my email: xxxxxxxxxx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Thank you
Akbar

Hi Akbar,
Please remember that our House Rules say that you cannot share personal information, such as email addresses, on LearnEnglish.
Best wishes,
Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello every body. I'm from Viet Nam. i want to improve my English. Who can help me to practice English everyday? Thanks. Now i am doing the exercise in this site to  improve my english grammar. I think it useful. Thank you English team

My name is Hakam, I am Indonesian, everyone who can help me to advice and teach me English, I said thank you.

Modal verbs are a bit boring. It s easy to understand,but when I do exercises I forget about it in two or three days.I think the best way is to practise everyday:talking with people,thinking about it or...leaving a comment.Repeat,repeat,repeat,repeat...until you ll be able to say all modals without thinking in your language

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