Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?




Hi Kirk
IT is very much help full for me i want one group to discuss with us and learnt to english if you have any whatsup group so tell am

Hi everyone!
I heard a different pronunciation of the word 'direction'...are both correct?
Thanks in advance

Hello Ilariuccia,

It's hard to say without knowing what they are, but I can say that there are two standard pronunciations of 'direction'. The first syllable can be pronounced either /daɪ/ or /dɪ/.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


Do we say " He fought bravely at the Battle of Waterloo" or " He fought bravely in the Battle of Waterloo"?

Thanks in advance

Hi zagrus,

You can say either and I do not see any difference in meaning.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I have a query regarding your exercise of count nouns. "I can hear something in the roof. Have you got ________?". Can we use mouse instead of mice in the given sentence?

Thank you

Hello Arjun1989,

Grammatically, it is possible to say 'a mouse' here. However, as the question is about an infestation of mice rather than having one mouse as a pet it does not make sense.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,

What are these just laws and unjust laws.

Hello Shrikant J,

I'm not sure what you are asking here. If you need to find out the meaning of 'just' and 'unjust' then an online dictionary is the best place, as there you'll find definitions and examples. If you are asking what we consider just and unjust then I'm afraid we can't answer: it is not our place to give such opinions!


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team