present tense

 

There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.


There are four present tense forms in English:

Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working


We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...

Exercise

Comments

Hello sdgnour2014,

It is possible to say "The sun was/is risen", though it is not something you will hear in ordinary situations in modern English - it would sound quite strange in most contexts. This is not a case of the passive voice but rather a simple copula, i.e. subject + be + predicate (in this case, an adjective). The past participle can sometimes be used as an adjective.

"would rise" has different uses depending on its context. I'd suggest you take a look at our will or would page for more information on this. I'm not sure what you mean in your second question; some example sentences with this verb are: "The sun rises at 6, The sun is rising (now), The sun has already risen".

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

thank you Kirk

I understand now that I can use ( rise ) as present simple, present continuous and present perfect.
1- My First question is can I use the verb with past simple, past continuous and past perfect.
The sun rose at 6, The sun was rising, The sun had already risen.
2- Can I say also, The price is rise, The price is rising, The price has already risen, The price rose, The price was rising, The price had risen.

Hi sdgnour2014,

Yes, you can the verb rise in any tense as far as I know. It can be used with a variety of subjects (sun, prices, etc.). Why don't you do an internet search in inverted commas for each form you wonder about - you'll see lots of examples that way.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,,,hi Peter,,,hi Kirk.
You know what...l wanna write diplom work, this year l'll graduate university..and could you give some advice?But l cannot how to begin this work and in what direction l'll write...but l've problem about english in our country,problem is phonetics and dialects!But it seems difficult for me to write...and l need help your advice, suggestion!
Best wishes!

Dear concern

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.

What are the different between those sentence?Are they are same meaning?

Thanks

Hello meheee2008uiu,

These sentences basically mean the same thing, and can express slight differences depending on their context. Have you looked through our pages on the verb forms used in these sentences: present simple (works), present continuous (is working) and present perfect (has worked and has been working), as well as our page on talking about the present? The different meanings and uses of these verb forms are explained in detail there.

If the difference between these sentences still isn't clear after that, please let us know.

Best wishes,

Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hi

My name is kamruzzamn. I want to sit IELTS test next month. I am very week about academic writting. How can I improve my writing with in short time, and give me suggestion how can I improve my grade.

Hi Kamruzzamn,

It's hard for me to give you advice about improving your grade without knowing a lot more about your current level and your strengths and weaknesses.  The best thing for you to do, I think, to improve in a short time with regard to the IELTS exam is to test yourself with some practice exam papers, and then work on the areas in which you are weakest.  You can find practice papers (with answers), plus exam tips and exam information, on the British Council's Take IELTS site - go to the 'Prepare' section and look at the various pages there.

I hope that is helpful for you.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk.
Thank you for your suggestion,now l'll try to watch english movies and now l'm listening elementary podcast very useful,but whatever l've no practise with anybody to talkin english and relax with it.All what l want to say and enjoy it happens inside me...and when l've free time l'll enter this site.if l have any mistakes sorry..l'll try to write and to say correctly!
Best wishes!

Hello
I have been told that the following statement is incorrect...
In the past I have worked for many schools.
Can you tell me if it is incorrect and if so why?
Thanks very much
Leigh

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