present tense


There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.

There are four present tense forms in English:

Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...



Hello raj.kumar,

Here, the second use of don that you'll find in our dictionary is the correct one; garb has only one meaning as far as I know. The idea here seems to be that a political discourse has attempted to portray itself as sacred. 'is donned' doesn't make sense grammatically - perhaps it should be simply 'donned'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I want to use it in passive sense. Can I replace it with 'has been donned the garb of'? I simply want to convey that the political discourse has been presented in the garb of religious narrative.

Hello raj.kumar,

Since this sentence is figurative, you could use the active voice, and in any case, the passive form you suggest sounds unnatural. If you'd really like to use the passive, I'd suggest changing it to 'has been clothed in'; if the active is OK, then 'has donned the garb of'.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

Can I say- "The novel reveals how a political discourse gets donned the garb of sacredness to lure the Indian religious sensibility."?

I am confused.

Hello raj.kumar123,

Kirk has already made a suggestion as to how this sentence can be formed. Please remember that we can't act as personal tutors for users of the site as if we tried we simply wouldn't have time for any of our other work!

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

I have to go the flight to Singapore leaves at 2.30 .I am confused this sentence ,when I click present tense but answered incorrect ?

Hello Ghosh,

'leaves' in this sentence is in the present simple, but refers to the future. That's why the correct answer is 'Future'.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir
I am going to write an email can you please correct my mistake?

I would like to booking a room from in September 22nd,2015 to 5th December 2015. But I need one with 2 single beds. Since I love this area of town. I have always wanted to live here! There are lot's of shop and it is a short walk to town. Would you be able to guarantee that if I put that in the requests section when booking. ThanksFrom Wazir

I would like to book a room from September 22nd 2015 to December 2015, one with 2 single beds. I like this area so much and always wanted to live here, because it is located in market area very closed to the downtown which is short walk to reach. Please recognize this.