There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.

There are four present tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...




Hello Najod Ali,

This question has already been answered on a different page (you can see the answer here). Please post questions once only as multiple posts of the same question will be deleted and it only makes the process slower.

I think you can work out the answers to many of your questions yourself with a little thought and some use of a dictionary (as I suggested in the answer above). Please try to find the answer yourself before posting - it is much better if you can work something out yourself as you will remember it much better than if someone simply tells you.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

If we make a question with WHO , it's normally used with 3rd person singular.
Eg. Who likes football? Who has seen this film?
But we can use Who with third person plural of to be, eg Who are your friends?
What happens in present continuous? Is it correct: Who are playing football now?

Hello Thagnes,

When 'who' is the subject of the verb and the subject is in the third person, we tend to use a singular form of the auxiliary verb 'be', even when logically the plural would be more appropriate. Your example is a good one -- in this case, most native speakers would say 'Who's playing football?', even though clearly in many contexts the subject refers to more than one person. As far as I know, there is no reason for this that is logically satisfactory, i.e. I think it's just a question of usage.

That's very observant of you -- well done!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team



Which of the following is correct?
1. I'm sure i have locked the door and I clearly remember locking it.
2. I'm sure I have locked the door and I clearly remember having locked it.

Hello Snehth,

Both sentences would be better if you changed 'i have locked' (present perfect) to 'I locked' (past simple). This is because if you remember what you did, it was clearly in the past and has no real connection to the present. The present perfect implies some kind of connection to the present which is incongruous with the rest of the sentence.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir Peter M if I want to borrow a book from British Council library in Pakistan how can I get the book. Do you have any information regarding this?

Hello Najid Ali,

I'm afraid I don't know this but if you contact the British Council library directly then they will give you all the information you need. You can find their website here:


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

someone has to do this
someone have to do this
which one is the correct?

Thank u Peter M