present tense


There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The present tenses in English are used:

  • to talk about the present
  • to talk about the future
  • to talk about the past when we are telling a story in spoken English or when we are summarising a book, film, play etc.

There are four present tense forms in English:

Present simple: I work
Present continuous: I am working
Present perfect: I have worked
Present perfect continuous: I have been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the present:

He works at McDonald’s. He has worked there for three months now.
He is working at McDonald’s. He has been working there for three months now.
London is the capital of Britain.

  • to talk about the future:

The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours.
I’ll phone you when I get home.
He’s meeting Peter in town this afternoon.
I’ll come home as soon as I have finished work.
You will be tired out after you have been working all night.

  • We can use the present tenses to talk about the past...



Hello Saleh_kabo,

This looks like homework, and we don't do users' homework. It's for you to learn from!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Is this sentence correct? "The girl is putting a cookie into her father’s mouth."
And also, can you use "The girl is feeding her father a cookie"...?

Hello greyish,

Yes, those are both correct. Congratulations!

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team

Your own website states...

1. We use the present simple:

to talk about something happening regularly in the present:

The children come home from school at about four.

Yet Question 1 of this tense test - which uses exactly the same form...

The flight leaves at 2:30., according to your answers, talking about the future!

So which is correct? It can't be both.

Hello nescient,

On this page, not far under the chart of the four forms, you can also see: 'We use these forms to talk about the future', and then there's the example 'The next train leaves this evening at 1700 hours'. The idea is that when the next train leaves is in the future, i.e. it hasn't happened yet and is not happening now. The same is true for the time when the children come home tomorrow at four - it is also the future.

Does that make sense?

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team



is the following sentence correct: "The novel reveals how a political discourse is donned the garb of sacredness to lure the Indian religious sensibility."? I am confused about 'is donned the garb of'. Plz help me...

Hello raj.kumar,

Here, the second use of don that you'll find in our dictionary is the correct one; garb has only one meaning as far as I know. The idea here seems to be that a political discourse has attempted to portray itself as sacred. 'is donned' doesn't make sense grammatically - perhaps it should be simply 'donned'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I want to use it in passive sense. Can I replace it with 'has been donned the garb of'? I simply want to convey that the political discourse has been presented in the garb of religious narrative.

Hello raj.kumar,

Since this sentence is figurative, you could use the active voice, and in any case, the passive form you suggest sounds unnatural. If you'd really like to use the passive, I'd suggest changing it to 'has been clothed in'; if the active is OK, then 'has donned the garb of'.

Best regards,
The LearnEnglish Team