We make questions by:

 

1: moving an auxiliary to the front of the clause:

Everybody is watching >> Is everybody watching?
They had worked hard >> Had they worked hard?
He's finished work >> Has he finished work?
Everybody had been working hard >> Had everybody been working hard?
He has been singing >> Has he been singing?
English is spoken all over the world >> Is English spoken all over the world?
The windows have been cleaned >> Have the windows been cleaned?

2: … or by moving a modal to the front of the clause:

They will come >> Will they come?
He might come >> Might he come?
They will have arrived by now >> Will they have arrived by now?
She would have been listening >> Would she have been listening?
The work will be finished soon >> Will the work be finished soon?
They might have been invited to the party >> Might they have been invited to the party?


3: The present simple and the past simple have no auxiliary. We make questions by adding the auxiliary do/does for the present simple or did for the past simple:

They live here >> Do they live here?
John lives here >> Does John live here?
Everybody laughed >> Did everybody laugh?

 

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

1. Can we have two gerunds in a single sentence? e.g., "I love painting and drawings" and
2. Can we have a gerund and an infinitive in a single sentence?
3. In a sentence like "I love going for shopping"
I-subject, love-verb, going-progressive verb, for- preposition, shopping- gerund. Is this the breakdown of the sentence?

Hello Timmosky,

The answer to both 1 and 2 is yes. 3 is not idiomatic -- in the varieties of English I'm familiar with 'going for shopping' is not correct. 'going' is not a progressive verb -- the verb 'like' is followed by verbs in the -ing form. 'to go shopping' is the phrase here. Did you mean 'I love going shopping' perhaps?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

 

In sentences like, "He likes catching fun", or "you keep making trouble", what is "likes" and "keep" functioning as because "catching" is already a verb and so is making?

Hello Timmosky,

I think the best way to think of this is that 'like' and 'keep' are both verbs that are often followed by -ing forms. You can see a longer list of these on our verbs followed by -ing clauses page.

You could also think of the verb 'like' as one that is generally followed by a noun form, so in this case the -ing form after it is called a gerund. That way of thinking doesn't work quite as well with 'keep', but the idea is similar.

Hope this helps.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Would it be wrong to have a statement like "he likes to have fun" instead of "he likes having fun" and "he adviced that I should work harder" than "he adviced working harder."

Hello Timmosky,

All of these are possible (though we spell 'advised' with an s) but there are differences in meaning.

he likes to have fun - this describes how he prefers to arrange his time

he likes having fun - this tells us that he enjoys having fun

he advised working harder - this is a common form in standard modern English

he advised me that I should work harder - this is a very formal and old-fashioned sounding form, more likely to be found in literature from the previous century than in modern speech

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

I have a question.

Who walks to school everyday?
Why does she like cats?

My question is: why in the first question "does" is not used as it the case in the second question?

Hello Lunar0506,

In the first sentence there is no 'does' because the subject of the verb 'walks' is the question word 'who'. In the second one, in contrast, the subject is 'she'. Our Question forms & subject/object questions page explains this in more detail if you'd like to learn more about it.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,

I would like to ask one more question.

If we ask a question about this statment:
It makes him feel angry.

Which one is the correct form? Or are they both correct?
Why it makes him feel angry?
Why does it make him feel angry?

Hello again Lunar0506,

'Why does it make him feel angry?' is the only correct one of those two sentences. The auxiliary verb can only be omitted with the question words 'what' and 'who', and then only when they are the subject of the verb. In all other cases, you must use the auxiliary verb.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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