Joe the 4-year-old nephew - is he a pest or just a sweet little boy?

Do the Preparation task first. Then listen to the audio. Next go to each Task and do the activity. If you need help, you can read the Transcript at any time.

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Language level

Pre-intermediate: A2

Comments

Hi Kirk,
thank you so much for your quick answer! Thanks also for the helpful link!
By the way: This series is difficult for me, because it's real spoken English and not these typical textbook dialogues, which are rarely heard in reality. But that's why I like your work so much!
All the best and God bless you!
Bernd

Hello Bernd,

I'm very glad you're finding the podcasts useful! I see that Peter has already answered your other question. Please don't hesitate to ask us if you need any further help.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I used to hate young kids, they wouldn't listen to me and nothing but a nuisance, but now I turned 58, I do NOT think so any more. Young boys are all right. They are just kids, if they want to cry, let them cry. They soon grow up and learn things or have some worries anyway. Until that time, play and make a noise!

Hi there,
Peter said there would be a dictionary tool on right of the page. But - I am sorry - I cannot find it at all! Please can you help me?
Thanks a lot!
Bernd

Hello Bernd,

I'm afraid our on-page dictionary tool no longer works. The good news is that you can access the same dictoinary for free at the Cambridge Dictionary website.

Enjoy!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi LearnEnglish Team,

I can hear from this episode there are some silent sounds for "h" in he and "h" in him, and "h" in her(this is in last episode). After the h, the vowel is pronounced together with the last cosonant of the word before he, him, or her. That's is sound liaison, which I am not sure if I call it correctly. However, I believe there is a rule in such pronounciation when it comes to speaking, like the same cases in French I am studying.

I just heard the "h" sound in he and him is silent in the following sentences.
How old is he?
I don’t have to offend him
I just call him “trouble”!
what’s he up to

Please help to clarify this and let me know if I am right. Thank you very much!

Kind regards,
Kaofeng

Hello Kaofeng,

It's great that you've noticed this. In English, words can be pronounced quite differently depending on their position in an utterance and the speaker's intentions, which determine how they stress different parts of the utterance. In all of the examples you give, 'he' or 'him' is unstressed, and unstressed words are the words that are pronounced most differently.

I've not heard the word 'liaison' used very much to speak about this in English, though it's a similar idea. Usually this topic is called 'connected speech' and then there are different ways that we connect words. The BBC Learning English website has a nice page on connected speech that I'd recommend as a good place to learn more about this. But really one of the best ways to learn this is to do what you've already done here: pay close attention to how native speakers speak, and then of course imitate and practise this same pronunciation as much as you can. Our Listen & Watch section is full of audio and video (like this page!) that you can use for this purpose.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk,

Thank you very much for your detailed information. I learned so much from your input.

The connected speech on the BBC Learning English website is wonderful. I will imitate and practise those features over and over, so as to speak like native speakers.

Have a great day!

Best regards,
Kaofeng

Indeed, we should avoid mixing work and friendship.

I have two children, he's a pest, Pedro is eleven years old and Lucca is four years old. Oh my God, they are terrible...

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