Richard goes even further back in time – 4,500 years back! With the help of Susan Greaney, he investigates one of Britain's greatest and most mysterious sites – Stonehenge.

Task 1

Which is the best title for the video?

Exercise

Task 2

Watch again, and complete these notes with one word or a number.

Exercise

Task 3

Reorder the words to make sentences. 

Exercise

Task 4

Choose the three words which will fit into the spaces.

Exercise

Discussion

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Language level

Advanced: C1
Upper intermediate: B2

Comments

Hi Lenalina!
It´s very interesting what did you say. My grandparents were Armenian and I studied in Armenian school in Argentina, and I didn´t know Zorats Karer
Thank you!!

Your welcome hefty!

There is lots of interesting and ancient places in Armenia.

what a magnificent monument. I am wild about Britain and its historic monuments. Great video .

Fantastic. Next year, i"m going to Europe to visit my relatives, I must have them bring me here =))

Hello!

  1. Here, I hear Susan says, '... and the kind of ..' at 01:49 (but in the transcript '.. and the kinds of ...' which agrees with the verb to be 'are').
  2. Again, in English is Great - Part 1, I hear Roger says, 'This is printed..' at 03:10 (but in the transcript 'This was printed..' which actually must be the past tense).

So, does it show that some grammatical mistakes can be neglected in speaking?

Hello Aung Thet Naing,
Susan does say 'the kind of' rather than 'the kinds of' here.  I'm actually not sure if the speaker in the other video says 'is' or 'was' - when unstressed, we tend to use a weak form for each of these and it is very hard to catch which is being used.
 
Your more general point is absolutely correct: grammatical errors (or, rather, mistakes - slips of the tongue rather than a lack of knowledge) are much more acceptable in speech than in writing.  We expect writing to be more careful and more accurate but we forgive slips in speech as it is rarely planned, is produced rapidly, as we put our ideas together and, of course, we often change our minds about what we want to say in mid-sentence!  Speech tends to be like this, which is why language teachers tend to correct errors in speaking much less than in writing.
 
Interestingly, some modern forms of writing are very much like speech in this regard, such as internet chat and SMS texts.  Their immediacy and interactive use makes them much more like speech written down than normal writing, and so we find more mistakes in them.  Conversely some kinds of speech, such as formal presentations or talks, are much more like writing as they are planned in advance, generally not so interactive and much more concerned with being accurate.
I hope that answers your question.  Thank you for the interesting question!
Best wishes,
 
Peter
The LearnEnglish Team

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