Ashlie and Stephen are getting ready for Christmas. They need to buy presents and decorate the tree, but there's still time for a bit of ice-skating...

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Language level

Intermediate: B1
Upper intermediate: B2


Hello everyone,talking about Christmas is a nice subject to thinking about.
I know one of the tradition in Britain is to have a turkey on the dinner,and another thing is to spend the Christmas time with your family,and of course to have Christmas Cracker during the meal Christmas.
People can buy all kind of presents but when I used to be a child most of the time my parents give me sweets and sometimes a pair of socks like a present and sometimes pair of gloves because all the time in the Christmas perioud It was a lot of snow,but most of the time I've enjoying receive a toy as a present.
When I was a child we used to decorate our Christmas tree with tinsel,baubles and and with colored bulbs.
and in this way our Christmas tree it was all the time colorful.

Hi everybody. I would like to know what "casualty flat" means. I can't translate it.

Hello Narina,

This is not a phrase I have seen before and I can't think what it might mean without knowing the context in which it occurred. Are you sure it is a correct phrase?


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for supporting me. I found this phrase when translating a medical text. Here is the sentence. " Act quickly: lay the casualty flat on his back, keep from falling back into the throat and blocking the air passages." Thank you!

Hi Narina
Kindly I like to say
The sentence inspire that it is taken from first aid book and the practical training is so important
in this situations

Hello Narina,

Thank you for supplying the context. 'Flat' here describes how the person should be laid down:

lay (something) down on the ground

'The casualty' means the person hurt in the accident. So the sentence means that the casualty should be laid down (made to lie down) in such a way that they are flat on their back (not curled up or on their stomach).


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much. I cought the meaning. Now the context is clear to me. You really helped me. We appreciate your work.

hi Team!
your lesson is very great.
thanks so much!

Hi Team,
I have a question not related this topic, I've seen a sentences like "a factor of two or more". Could you explain the meaning, please? Thanks

Hello alangkien,

Usually 'a factor of two' means either 'multiplied by two' or 'divided by two'. Does that make in the context you've seen this expression? You can see more about this use of the word 'factor' in this Cambridge Dictionary entry.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team