Some verbs are followed by either a noun or an adjective:

She was a good friend. =  N + V + N
She was very happy. =  N + V + Adj.
He became headmaster. =  N + V + N
He became angry. =  N + V + Adj.


These verbs are called link verbs. Common verbs like this are:

  • be
  • become
  • appear
  • feel
  • look
  • remain
  • seem
  • sound

She seemed an intelligent woman.
She seemed intelligent.
He looked hungry.
He looked a good player.

After appear and seem we often use to be:

She appeared to be an intelligent woman.
He seemed to be angry.

Some link verbs are followed by an adjective. Common verbs like this are:

  • get
  • go
  • grow
  • taste
  • smell

He got hungry in the evening.
She grew stronger every day.


 

Exercise

Comments

Hi
sir, I have learned that linking verb is follwed by a noun, noun phrase, adjective and adjective phrase. But in the following sentence link verb is follwed by an adverb.. such as
I am here.

Can a link verb is follwed by an adverbial phrase and a prepositional phrase?
would you please explain.

Hi AminulIslam.,

We cannot use adverbs as subject complements after link verbs. However, the verb 'be' can be both a link verb and a state verb. in your example it is a state verb and so it can be followed by an adverb.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, sir I have a doubt about the linking verbs. which one of the following two sentences are right. As both sentences are given above, but It is not clear which one should I practice for.

He seemed angry.
He seemed to be angry

Hello mkmkumar

Both of the sentences are correct. As it explained above, 'seem' and all link verbs can be followed by an adjective. 'seem' and 'appear' can also be followed by 'to be' and an adjective.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
Is it correct to say: He is drunk. To say he is after liquor.
He is disappointed.
Are the above sentences correct?
Are they come under passive?
Please let me know.
Thank you.
Regards
Lal

Hello Lal,

He is drunk and He is disappointed are both fine.

He is after liquor is not a normal expression in English. You could say He's been drinking.

These are not passive forms. The words drunk and disappointed are adjective complements, so the structure is [subject + verb (be) + adjective].

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
can the linking be followed by adverbs? In the following sentence the verb 'is' is a linking verb followed by an adverb 'here'.
The church is here.
Thanks

Hello naghmairam,

Yes, linking verbs can be followed by noun phrases, adjective phrases, adverb phrases and prepositional phrases -- the main idea is that what follows gives more information about the subject.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I wanted to know if the verbs in the following sentences have been used as link verbs? --
Every night he comes home drunk.
He returned home disappointed.
We often use such sentences, but cannot understand why adjectives like 'drunk' and 'disappointed' are used here instead of adverbs!
Thank you in advance.

Hello Prap,

'Drunk' and 'disappointed' are examples of past participles and these are verb forms which can act as modifiers. Though they most often modify nouns and so have an adjectival function, they can also function as adverbs. Your sentences are examples of this.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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