Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hi akm,

1. It is perfectly fine to use 'they' for a single person in this way in any context, including academic essays.


2. If 'they' refers to a single person then the singular 'mind' is correct. This is true of any such example:

They went into the room and raised their hand. (not 'hands')


3. In the shopping example you are speaking generically. You can use the generic 'a person' followed by 'they' or you can use the plural form 'people' followed by 'they'. It makes no difference.



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello , this is to track the new comments

Hi dipakrgandhi,

The comment tracking feature hasn't been working very well. If you'd like to leave comments on different pages to help you find things, that's fine, but please make them substantive comments, that is, comments in which you ask a question or make some comment relevant to the page. Thanks in advance for your understanding.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Ok! Thank you!

Hello Sir
Please help me in this. How do I write a proper name using cursive writing? The first
letter is normally capital. For e.g. 'Andrew' my question is how do I write 'A' in Andrew if I
am using cursive hand writing. Is it simple 'a' bigger than normal?
Please let me know?
Thank you.

Hi Lal,

I'm afraid it's difficult for me to give you a definitive answer to this problem because there are different versions of the cursive alphabet. In any case, I'd recommend you do an internet search for 'cursive alphabet' and then for you to look at the pictures, which will show you the most common ways letters are written in the cursive alphabet.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi! I love this site but since yesterday I' having problems with the exercises because they don't load in my cellphone. Has anything changed in the plataform? Thanks a lot. The Learn English Team is amazing!

Hi LilianaVa,

I'm afraid we had a few technical problems with the exercises but everything should be working correctly now.

It's great to hear you like the site!



The LearnEnglish Team

Is There someone who can check my Answers, place.

Hello Narumi onodera,

You can check your own answers to each task. To do this, first complete the task. Then click the button marked 'Finish'. After this you will have several choices, including 'Check answers' (to see how many you got right and wrong) and 'Show answers' (to see the key).



The LearnEnglish Team