1 Some verbs are followed by the to-infinitive:

I decided to go home as soon as possible.
We all wanted to have more English classes.

Common verbs followed by the to-infinitive are:

Verbs of thinking and feeling:

  • choose
  • decide
  • expect
  • forget
  • hate
  • hope
  • intend
  • learn
  • like
  • love
  • mean
  • plan
  • prefer
  • remember
  • would like
  • would love

Verbs of saying:

  • agree
  • promise
  • refuse

Other common verbs are:

  • arrange
  • attempt
  • fail
  • help
  • manage
  • tend
  • try
  • want

2 Some verbs are followed by a noun and the to-infinitive:

She asked him to send her a text message.
He wanted all his friends to come to his party.

Common verbs with this pattern are:

Verbs of saying:

  • advise
  • ask
  • encourage
  • invite
  • order
  • persuade
  • remind
  • tell
  • warn *

*Note: The verb warn is normally used with not
The police warned everyone not to drive too fast.

Verbs of wanting or liking:

  • expect
  • intend
  • would
  • prefer
  • want
  • would like

Other verbs with this pattern are:

  • allow
  • enable
  • force
  • get
  • teach

3. Passive infinitive

Many of these verbs are sometimes followed by a passive infinitive
(to be + past participle):

I expected to be met when I arrived at the station.
They wanted to be told if anything happened.
I don’t like driving myself. I prefer to be driven.

 

Activity 1:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 2:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

 

Activity 3:

Match the 'to infinitive' clauses to the sentence beginnings.

Comments

Hello team!

I have a question.
Do these two sentences have same meaning?

"Bravery is not to be afraid of being afraid"

"Bravery is not being afraid to be afraid"

Thank you.

Hello Goktug123

Yes, I'd say them mean the same thing.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please help me?
Is the following sentence correct in meaning?
Try putting the aerial over there. It might work better.
Or it must be "Try to put""
Thank you

Hello Ahmed Imam

Yes, that is correct. In this case, 'try' followed by the -ing form means to put the aerial over there so we can see if it works better.

If you said 'try to put', it would be grammatically correct, but would have a different meaning: see if you can put the aerial over there (perhaps it's in a difficult place to reach or a place where the aerial might fall).

You can see more examples in the Cambridge Dictionary -- the first entry (attempt) refers to 'try to do' and the second entry (test) refers to 'try doing'.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

Not sure if it is the right topic. But Id like to learn the rule behind this sentence. ''We help bring attention to your business''. Why there is no TO before bring?

Thank you

Hello Alex_R

Some people use a 'to' before the infinitive here, and some people do not. In the US, for example, people tend not to use 'to' there.

In any case, both are accepted as correct. If you'd like to see some more examples of how 'help' is used, there are several in the Cambridge Dictionary.

All the best

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Could you please help me?
If you can't find the key, try (to open - opening) the lock with something else, like a knife or a screwdriver.
I think both choices are OK. If so, when to use each one?
You are so helpful. Thank you.

Hello Ahmed Imam,

Both choices are possible grammatically, but there is a difference in meaning.

 

try to do - this means attempt to succeed

try doing - this means see if you like it

 

In this context, try to open is the correct choice, I would say.

 

You can read more on the topic on this page:

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/intermediate-grammar/verbs-followed-ing-or-infinitive-2

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir ,

I don't understand the part of sentence in Activity 2: You will remenber to put the cat out, (won't you ? )

Hi medmomo,

'won't you' is a question tag. You can read more about what these mean and how we use them on our Question tags page. I think that should help you understand it, but if you have any other questions, please don't hesitate to ask.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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