Rob and Ashlie discuss how to use ‘going to’ and ‘will’ to talk about plans and make predictions.

Watch the video. Then go to Task and do the activities.


Language level

Intermediate: B1


Hello raj.kumar123,

As I said in several other answers to similar questions, whether or not a relative clause is defining or not depends often upon the context. In this example, the comma appears necessary as the sentence without the comma would suggest that there are several different kinds of 'dhri', and you are identifying which one you are referring to.

As for your other comment, while I am glad you like the site I think you rather misunderstand the primary role of the team here. Our main role is to maintain the site and add new material; our secondary role is to answer questions related to that material. It is not our purpose to answer any and all questions which users may throw at us - if we tried to do this then we would have little or no time for anything else! When we can find some time we try to help our users but we are not able to answer all questions, nor can we provide answers immediately. For that kind of service I am afraid it is necessary to pay for a teacher and LearnEnglish is, of course, an entirely free service.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter,
Thanks for the information. I am still doubtful. Please pay attention to the following sentence: I know the doctor who lives in my neighbourhood. This sentence, to the best of my knowledge, is an example of defining relative clause. On the other hand, the sentence- I know the doctor, who lives in my neighbourhood- is an example of non-restrictive clause. Both the sentences have different meanings. in the first sentence, 'who lives in my neighbourhood' is a defining clause and is essential to refer to the doctor, whereas who-clause is extra information in the second sentence, and the second sentence can be written without who-clause without changing its meaning. Am I right?

My question is- Can I write my sentence with and without comma ?

India is a multicultural and multilingual land, whose identity lies in its diversity.
India is a multicultural and mulilingual land whose identity lies in its diversity.

Are these sentences grammatically correct? If yes, do they convey different meanings and show different attitudes of the speaker.

May I kindly quote some information from ?

"my wife has always been close to her parents who live in the same village as us. " this sentence is wrong. It
should be ...parents, who live... (unless she has other parents)

Is this explanation correct in your opinion?

Hello raj.kumar123,

Whether or not a piece of information is defining or not may be apparent from the information itself, or it may be context-dependent. That is why the same clause can be both a non-defining and a defining relative clause. It appears to me that you have a good grasp of the use of relative clauses and should be able to decide from your context whether or not a comma is necessary. The original sentence appears to me to be likely to be a defining relative clause, but it does depend on the context.

As far as your second question goes, we have a policy of not commenting on other sites or the information they contain.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


Hello, sir. I have question reg. Task 3 #2. Why we use the Germany ARE going to win instead of the Germany IS going to win? Does it means the sentence is talking about the country's players?

Hello Lebenswelt,

The names of teams can be either singular (when we are thinking of the club or team as an institution) or plural (when we are thinking of the team as a group of players). In most contexts the speaker can choose whichever they prefer.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

I can't able to watch vidio

Hi Abed Awadh,

Please downloand and install the Adobe Flash Player - this usually solves the problem. If not, please let us know.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

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