The primary goal of a company may be to make money but some companies nowadays also recognise that they have a responsibility towards the society in which they operate.

Business Magazine - Business and ethics


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Case study – James Carston, Fine Shirtmakers

Set up in the 1920s by James Carston, a Manchester tailor, the company has remained in the family and is now run by James’s grandson, Paul Carston.  Employing fewer than 50 people, the company has a reputation for producing high-quality men’s shirts, which it sells by mail order, and has a loyal customer base.  As Paul Carston says, ‘Once someone has tried our shirts, they tend to come back for more.  Our customers appreciate the attention to detail and the high-quality fabric we use.’  And it’s the fabric they now use that makes the company almost unique in the world of men’s shirt manufacturers.

When Paul Carston took over running the company in 1999, he inherited a business that prided itself on using local well-paid machinists rather than sweatshop labour, and looked upon its employees as members of an extended family.  Paul, a committed environmentalist, felt that the company fitted in well with his values.  The shirts were made from 100 per cent cotton, and as Paul says, ‘It’s a completely natural fibre, so you would think it was environmentally sound’.  Then Paul read a magazine article about Fair Trade and cotton producers.  He was devastated to read that the cotton industry is a major source of pollution, and that the synthetic fertilisers used to produce cotton are finding their way into the food chain.

Paul takes up the story.  ‘I investigated our suppliers, and sure enough found that they were producing cotton on an industrial scale using massive amounts of chemicals.  Then I looked into organic cotton suppliers, and found an organisation of Indian farmers who worked together to produce organic cotton on a Fair Trade basis.  Organic cotton is considerably more expensive than conventionally produced cotton, so I did the sums. I discovered that if we were prepared to take a cut in profits, we would only need to add a couple of pounds to the price of each shirt to cover the extra costs.  The big risk, of course, was whether our customers would pay extra for organic cotton.’

Paul did some research into the ethical clothing market and discovered that although there were several companies producing casual clothing such as T-shirts in organic cotton, there was a gap in the market for smart men’s shirts.  He decided to take the plunge and switch entirely to organic cotton.  He wrote to all his customers explaining the reasons for the change, and at the same time the company set up a website so they could sell the shirts on the internet.  The response was encouraging.  Although they lost some of their regular customers, they gained a whole customer base looking for formal shirts made from organic cotton, and the company is going from strength to strength.



Hello teachers .
thanks for those information ( I like them too much ) .

But please can I know the most basics things to make a big company ?
because I have a project like that with my friends .

Hello BaSabeena,

I'm glad you found this article interesting! I don't think we have any other articles that talk about forming big companies, but I'm glad you asked because we are planning to expand this section of our site and it's good to know what you and other users would like to see here. There is a section of Word on the Street

That won't help you anytime very soon, though, so in the meantime you might want to watch the two videos in Entrepreneurs are Great, which are similar in topic. You could also try reading some articles from other sites. If you do an internet search for 'how to start a company' or articles on Richard Branson, I bet you'll find some that you can learn from.

Good luck!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I count on and trust the british coucil web based laerning website to improve my English language Skill. I appreciate your service and support. Thanks and hoping sustainable and leading learning methods.

Hello everybody i am looking for someone to have communication through internet to improve my English.

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​The LearnEnglish Team

great stuff for business people who are in need of learning english!!!

hello, i am looking for someone to have communication through internet to improve my english and
my information about business management.

This fair trade give me an Idea, that, We should have integrated approach towards business.

helo everybody i am looking for someone to have communication throuth internet to improve my english .

I need a same thing, so please get back to me for establishing a communication