Literature Surveys, Methodology Recounts and Research Reports are types of writing which enable you to develop your academic skills, so that you can learn how to become a researcher in your field. Researchers must know what other researchers have written, so they must survey the literature in a Literature Survey. They also gather data and conduct experiments of various types, and they recount their research methods. Lab Reports are a type of Methodology Recount, for example. When students conduct a complete piece of research, with a literature review, a report on the research they have conducted, and an evaluation of its significance, we call this a Research Report. Theses and dissertations are types of Research Report; they are rather like research articles in academic journals.
The Primary Purpose of this important category of writing is Building Research Skills.
Try this task to find out more about Building Research Skills.
What does Building Research Skills mean?
Listen to the discussion between a student (S) and a lecturer (L) and use the words given to fill in the blanks. You can listen to the recording above as many times as you want and you can pause it if you need more time to put the answers into the spaces.
S: So what do you mean by building research skills?
L: This is where you learn to do research in your subject area. So everything that's involved in that. You might be asked to look at what other people have written about it - do a literature survey. Or you might be asked to conduct an experiment and to write up that experiment in a lab report. Or you might be asked to do a whole project where you decide what you are going to research. You do the research, and you write it up and the conclusions, and that's a long – usually a final-year – project.
S: So I have to find out some information by myself, then, do I?
L: Yes, you have to find information or you have to do something and you have to show your lecturer what you've learned from the project.
S: Oh, OK. thanks.