Simple sentences:

A simple sentence has only one clause:

The children were laughing.
John wanted a new bicycle.
All the girls are learning English.

Compound sentences:

A compound sentence has two or more clauses:

(We stayed behind) and (finished the job)
(We stayed behind) and (finished the job), then (we went home)

The clauses in a compound sentence are joined by co-ordinating conjunctions:

John shouted and everybody waved.
We looked everywhere but we couldn’t find him.
They are coming by car so they should be here soon.

The common coordinating conjunctions are:

and – but – or – nor – so – then – yet

Complex sentences:

A complex sentence has a main clause and one or more adverbial clauses. Adverbial clauses usually come after the main clause:

Her father died when she was very young
>>>
Her father died (main clause)
when (subordinating conjunction)
she was very young (adverbial clause)

She had a difficult childhood because her father died when she was very young.
>>>
She had a difficult childhood (main clause)
because (subordinating conjunction)
her father died (adverbial clause)
when (subordinating conjunction)
she was very young (adverbial clause).

Some subordinate clauses can come in front of the main clause:

Although a few snakes are dangerous most of them are quite harmless
>>>
Although (subordinating conjunction)
some snakes are dangerous (adverbial clause)
most of them are harmless (main clause).

A sentence can contain both subordinate and coordinate clauses:

Although she has always lived in France, she speaks fluent English because her mother was American and her father was Nigerian
>>>
Although (subordinating conjunction)
she has always lived in France (adverbial clause),
she speaks fluent English (main clause)
because (subordinating conjunction)
her mother was American (adverbial clause)
and (coordinating conjunction)
her father was Nigerian (adverbial clause).

There are seven types of adverbial clauses:

 

  Common conjunctions
Contrast clauses  although; though; even though; while;
Reason clauses because; since; as
Place clauses where; wherever; everywhere
Purpose clauses so that; so; because + want
Result clauses so that; so … that; such … that
Time clauses when; before; after; since; while; as; as soon as; by the time; until
Conditional clauses  if; unless; provided (that); as long as
   

Complete the sentences with conjunctions.

Match conjunctions to functions.

 

Section: 

Comments

Hello safawad,

Have you seen our IELTS section and TakeIELTS? I'd highly recommend you take a look at those resources in your preparations for the test.

If you have any specific questions about a specific sentence, you are welcome to ask us on an appropriate page, but I'm afraid we don't provide general explanations beyond what it is already available on our site. For that kind of thing, I would recommend you look for a class.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I appreciate your help ...

We were proud that you conceded defeat so graciously.

Does the part you conceded defeat so graciously fall under
independent, infinitive, surbodinating or co-ordinating clause?

Hello Masseuse_Niagrass,

A 'that-clause' is a subordinate clause. The 'that' can be omitted.

Please note that we don't provide answers to tasks from elsewhere. We're happy to answer questions about the materials on our own pages, but not to provide help on homework or tasks from tests.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks for your reply.

Sentence
Although he was one of the super cool students, he could not get overall high marks compared to me however his English marks are far better than me.
is it complex Sentence?
Thank You.

Hello RanaUmar,

I'm afraid that the sentence you ask about is a run-on sentence. The good news is that you could still created a complex sentence by using parts of it. 'Although he was one of the cool students, he did not get marks as high as mine', for example, is a correct complex sentence (but not a run-on).

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hi peter

i have confuse about this sentence related to (adverbial & compound clause). could you clarify me? i mentioned below the sentence.

Although (subordinating conjunction)
she has always lived in France (adverbial clause),
she speaks fluent English (main clause)
because (subordinating conjunction)
her mother was American (adverbial clause)
and (coordinating conjunction)
her father was Nigerian (adverbial clause).

i thinking (she has always lived in france) also main clause. how do i understand this are adverbial clause and main clause. kindly help me little bit brief explanation. i hope

best regards

hussain

Hello Hussein,

The main clause here is

She speaks fluent English

All of the other information is related to this. The information 'she has always lived in France' is a concession clause, which is a kind of adverbial clause containing surprising or unexpected information. The conjunction 'although' signals this and introduces a subsidiary clause. We could easily change it around and say She lives in France although she speaks fluent English, making the 'speak' clause the subsidiary clause. However, this would not really make sense, because while living in France makes speaking fluent English more unlikely (as you are not in an English-speaking country), speaking English fluently does not make living in France more unlikely!

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,
I have a confusion please clear it.
1. I am not such a fool as to believe that.
2. she is such a student as I expected.
3. Such was his behavior that everybody disliked him.
which one is right and what are the differences between them.
could you please explain?
thank you.

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