The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.








Hello Sir,

Please correct me, am I right?

in a nut shell, We use "be" verbs to describe a "characteristic property it has or possession" about anything we want represent.

Else, give me some piece of advice about the circumstances to use "be" verbs.

Thanks & Regards,
Abdul haq.

Hello Abdul haq.,

Yes, it sounds like you've got the right idea. The dictionary definition for 'be' might also be useful for you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much sir,

Really your reply is bolt from the blue, actually i guessed about it.

Thanks & Regards,
Abdul Haq.

I am sorry I am asking this random question. What does this mean?
Regulations will drive interest in electric trucks.

Hello Sash,

I would understand the sentence to mean that (probably new) regulations will increase (act as a driving force for) interest in electric trucks. In other words, more people will be interested in buying electric trucks as a result of new regulations.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Can 'to be' verbs be termed as helping verbs also?

Hello 3d,

Could you explain the fuller context, please? It's difficult to help without knowing what you're trying to understand.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,
Could you please help me with the usage of '' being'' in this sentence:
Back then they could not have even thought that handheld mobile gadgets would be being used constantly by all of us.
Could we omit '' being'' ? and if yes would the meaning of the sentence change ?

Hello Arvin2017,

We can start wit the construction [would + infinitive]. For example:

would think

would go

would be


The infinitive can be marked for continuous (progressive) aspect:

would be thinking

would be going

would be being

This is the use of 'being' in your example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, Peter. Your explanation is very helpful.