The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Section: 

Comments

Which phrase is correct ?
(a) Requesting you to provide us an appointment in the coming week... OR
(b) Requesting you to give us an appointment in the coming week...

Hello altaf,

You can use either 'give' or 'provide' here without any change in meaning. I would say that 'provide' is more suited to the style, however, being a little more formal.

After 'request' we use a that-clause:

We request that you provide us with an appointment in the coming week.

 

In most contexts, however, a more direct form is typical and would be perfectly acceptable in a business letter, for example:

Please provide us with an appointment in the coming week.

We will be grateful if you can provide us with an appointment in the coming week.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

Why do after so that we have present simple used? Is it a reduced conditional clause?

'I asked for your number so that I have it'.

Thank you in advance

Hello JakiGeh,

Other verb tenses are possible after 'so that'. In this case, it's because the person wants to have the number now and in the future, i.e. to have it in general. 

In general, I'd recommend just using 'so' instead of 'so that'. It's not used as much and can sound awkward. Although it's ok in the sentence you describe, the same sentence with just 'so' would be what most native speakers would use.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

''Hi, Lilly. I hope you enjoyed. . .'' (beginning of an informal letter)

We use period when we have a sentence, but why do we use the period after Lilly?

Thank you in advance.

Hello MCWSL,

There are different conventions in terms of how to start a letter or email. Traditionally and still in more formal correspondence the salutation is put on a separate line with a comma after it:

Dear Mr Smith,

I am writing to....

 

In informal correspondence and in emails in particular the salutation becomes just a normal sentence at the start of the text, just as if we were speaking to the person. A full stop or (more informally) an exclamation mark can be used:

Hi Sue! How's things?

 

Hello John. I'm writing to...

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I guess I need more explanation in some part of this topic, they are:
1. on the phrasal verb examples above, I found [almost lost], what kind of part of speech is that? is that an adverb? But i'm not pretty sure about it.
2. Actually I still a bit confused about the differences between clause and sentence. If I say "I'm a student but I also work", is that a sentence or a clause?
3. can I say that a phrase is simply a part of speech?

Thank you,
Aisah

Hello Aisah,

1. I'm sorry, I don't see which sentence you mean. Have you looked at our verb patterns and two- and three-part verbs pages?

2. Please see this Cambridge Dictionary page on clauses and sentences for a more detailed explanation of this.

3. No, a phrase is not a part of speech, though we can speak of noun, verb or prepositional phrases (see the bottom of the page) so they do act like parts of speech.

If you have any other specific questions, please don't hesitate to ask us. The more specific, the better.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

how to use put up in

past

Hello unnati.siddhu,

'Put' is an irregular verb whose past form is the same as its present form. Thus, 'put up in' is used as both the past and present form. For example:

Paul came to stay for a couple of days and I put him up in the spare room.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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