The present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of the verb be and the present participle (-ing form) of a verb:


1. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present:

  • for something that is happening at the moment of speaking:

I’m just leaving work. I’ll be home in an hour.
Please be quiet. The children are sleeping.

  • for something which is happening before and after a given time:

At eight o’clock we are usually having breakfast.
When I get home the children are doing their homework.


  • for something which we think is temporary:

Michael is at university. He’s studying history.
I’m working in London for the next two weeks.

  • for something which is new and contrasts with a previous state:

These days most people are using email instead of writing letters.
What sort of clothes are teenagers wearing nowadays? What sort of music are they listening to?

  • to show that something is changing, growing or developing:

The children are growing quickly.
The climate is changing rapidly.
Your English is improving.

  • for something which happens again and again:

It’s always raining in London.
They are always arguing.
George is great. He’s always laughing.

Note: We normally use always with this use.

2. We use the present continuous tense to talk about the future:

  • for something which has been arranged or planned:

Mary is going to a new school next term.
What are you doing next week?

3. We can use the present continuous to talk about the past:

  • When we are telling a story
  • When we are summarising the story from a book, film or play etc.:




Hello Ilam,

As Peter explained, we don't comment on other sites' explanations. If there's a specific example you want to ask us about, please feel free.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello . I've found that we use the present continuous with always
● to show that a repeated action is unplanned
● to show irritation
● to show admiration .
Please help me to understand this use . I can't understand always with present continuous

Hello Ilam,

I assume those explanations are from another source (a book, website or similar). If so, then I suggest you contact the author for an explanation. We're happy to explain our own comments and examples but not to explain other people's explanations!

If you have particular sentences that you find confusing then please post them and we'll be happy to comment, and if there is anything on our pages which you find confusing then we're happy to try to explain those.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

So could you please explain why we use the present continuous with always in your sentence "George is great. He’s always laughing." Thanks in advance

Hello Ilam,

One of the uses of the present continuous can have is to show that the speaker is making a comment on the action. In your example, the speaker is showing that they think George's laughing is a great quality. We also often use 'always' in a sentence like this -- it makes it even clearer that we're making some kind of comment on the action.

The comment isn't always positive. For example if I say 'George is always telling me to exercise more' it could be that I appreciate that he tells me this, or it could be that it annoys me. Only the context or intonation can make the meaning of the comment clear.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much for your explanation

hello. i´m new here and my native language is portuguese. i have one question about the present continuous tense to talk about the future. i´m told when you use -going- to talk about the future, must put the base verb too. for exemplo:

Mary is going to a new school next term.

Mary is going to go a new school next term.

help me get it, please.

Hello joca,

English uses a range of ways to talk about the future and we usually distinguish between the present continuous (' going to a new...') and the 'going to' form (' going to go to a new...'). The present continuous is used for fixed or certain arrangements, while the 'going to' form is used for plans or intentions, and also for expected results based on present evidence. You can read more about these forms on our Talking about the future and Future plans pages.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir
Is it necassary that present continuous should be used without mentioning time and present perfect continuous when a time is mentioned for example I am hearing a strange noise or I have been hearing a strong noise is also possible without mentioning time

Hi aseel aftab,

The present continuous describes an action happening around the time of speaking and so there is an implied time reference and it is not necessary to make it explicit. You can, of couse, use a time reference such as 'at the moment' or 'now', for example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team