The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.








Hello birajmehta,

This is actually quite a simple sentence but it looks complex because it has such a long subject. If we replace the subject with 'you' then I think the structure becomes clear.

What would you expect to find?

The subject is 'a traveller visiting a medieval town' and this is a noun followed by a reduced relative clause:

a traveller who is visiting a medieval town


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hello sir
i have recently read a sentence ;
"convict requested that he be allowed to speak freely."
is it right?
or must be can be used in place of be.

Hello Baahubali,

This sentence is fine. The construction is an example of the subjunctive, which is the base form of the verb ('be') used after certain verbs. 'Request' is one such verb but there are others. These are generally related to certain ways of speaking such as 'insist', 'suggest' and 'demand'.

You can read more about the subjunctive here.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir,

Please correct me, am I right?

in a nut shell, We use "be" verbs to describe a "characteristic property it has or possession" about anything we want represent.

Else, give me some piece of advice about the circumstances to use "be" verbs.

Thanks & Regards,
Abdul haq.

Hello Abdul haq.,

Yes, it sounds like you've got the right idea. The dictionary definition for 'be' might also be useful for you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much sir,

Really your reply is bolt from the blue, actually i guessed about it.

Thanks & Regards,
Abdul Haq.

I am sorry I am asking this random question. What does this mean?
Regulations will drive interest in electric trucks.

Hello Sash,

I would understand the sentence to mean that (probably new) regulations will increase (act as a driving force for) interest in electric trucks. In other words, more people will be interested in buying electric trucks as a result of new regulations.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Can 'to be' verbs be termed as helping verbs also?

Hello 3d,

Could you explain the fuller context, please? It's difficult to help without knowing what you're trying to understand.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team