We use comparative adjectives to describe people and things:

This car is certainly better but it’s much more expensive.
I’m feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

When you drive faster it is more dangerous
> The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
When they climbed higher it got colder
> The higher they climbed, the colder it got.

Superlative adjectives:

We use the with a superlative:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters, Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest

Activities
 

Type the correct comparative adjectives into the gaps

 

Complete the sentences with comparative forms

 

Type the correct superlative adjectives into the gaps

 

Section: 

Comments

Thank you for the clear explanation, but please I have a question: when I need to use the comparative with "the" and why don't using the superlative with "the" in its place? I can not make the difference however; for me antil the moment the diffrence is that comparative with "the" finished by "er" but the superlative finish by"est", but I don't know the objective to use one of the two and why not use the other.

Thank you Mr Peter M for the explanation, it was the answer for my question and sorry for my humble English.
Best wishes,
mana chou.

Hello mana chou,

I'm not really sure what you mean here. We generally use the comparative to show differences between two items, and the superlative to distinguish one or more items from larger groups.

Here are John and Paul. Paul is the taller boy.

Here are John, Paul and Joe. Paul is the tallest boy.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello.would you explain me In which situation we use inverse structure after than.I am very confused about this.compare these sentences:" Helen reads English better than I do"
"The Western part receives more rain than does the eastern part" with sincere thanks

Hello rastak keen,

Inversion after 'than' is used mostly in a very literary style – otherwise, the normal word order is used (and it is far more common). I'd recommend that you use the normal order in your own writing.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team 

Hi,
I would like to say that the distance between Madrid and London is larger than that between Madrid and Paris. So, I wonder whether the following sentence is correct:
- London is further than Paris to Madrid.

Thanks in advance

Hi zagrus,

You need to phrase the sentence quite carefully to make it clear what you are comparing. I would suggest the following:

London is further from Madrid than is Paris.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Dear Sir,

I faced with some sentences in Azar blue regarding comparison of adjectives that I am not sure about even it is true or false. I am waiting to here from you even these are true of false:
the example is:
10. I don't like to work hard, but my sister does. I'm a lot lazier than my sister.
here first used alot then used lazier. is it right?

Hello M Ebrahim,

Yes, that sentence is fine. 'A lot' here is a modifier to make the comparative adjective 'lazier' stronger.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Sir,

I got the point.

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