comparative and superlative adjectives

 

We use comparative adjectives to describe people and things:

This car is certainly better but it’s much more expensive.
I’m feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

When you drive faster it is more dangerous
> The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
When they climbed higher it got colder
> The higher they climbed, the colder it got.

Superlative adjectives:

We use the with a superlative:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters, Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest

Activities
 

 
Type the correct comparative adjectives into the gaps
Complete the sentences with comparative forms
Type the correct superlative adjectives into the gaps

 

Comments

Hello!
Should we always use the with superlatives?

Best regards,
Aleksandra

Hello, dear tutors!

Could you please help me with the last sentence in the second test? Why don't we use "is " in the second version of the sentence, I mean can we say The smaller the fruit is, the sweeter it is? Why is it omitted? Is there a rule or something?

Thank you in advance!
Best regards,
Lyuba

Hello Lyuba,

'The smaller the fruit, the sweeter it is' is indeed the correct answer. If you click on the Finish button, that is what you should see as the correct answer. Does that help you? If not, could you please rephrase your question?

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk!
Yes, I did see the correct answer. The question is, "Why don't we use 'is' there?" Why can't we say, "The smaller the fruit IS, the sweeter it is"? Why is the verb omitted?

Kind regards,
Lyuba

Hello Lyulu,

In English we often miss out certain words if they are obvious from the context and we think the sentence sounds better without them, or if including them would be repetitive. The name for this is ellipsis. You can find more information and examples of this here.

Note that it would be fine to include 'is' in the sentence, as you did in your example - that would be perfectly correct too.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter!

Thank you so much for the reply! I got it now!

Best wishes,
Lyuba

Can you help me ?
Re-wite the following sentence using the words in brackets:

Tom is the best pupil in the class. (No other pupil......)

Hello Saly Simo,

I'm afraid this is your own work to do! As I said in reply to your question on another page, we do not do users' homework or tests for them.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Which answer is correct?
The tree forms a ring which presents a year of .........
Growth
Growing
Please, I see both of them are correct.

Hi alfarouk,

I would say that 'growth' is correct, but 'growing' might be correct in some specialist contexts.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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