We use comparative adjectives to describe people and things:

This car is certainly better but it’s much more expensive.
I’m feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

When you drive faster it is more dangerous
> The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
When they climbed higher it got colder
> The higher they climbed, the colder it got.

Superlative adjectives:

We use the with a superlative:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters, Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest

Activities
 

Type the correct comparative adjectives into the gaps

 

Complete the sentences with comparative forms

 

Type the correct superlative adjectives into the gaps

 

Section: 

Comments

Hi,

There is an example in Longman dictionary as below:

Women are more at risk from the harmful effects of alcohol than men.

I tried to find out what its structure is, but I couldn't, especially "at risk from the harmful effects of alcohol" : What is its role? And how to find its role?

I guess it's an adjective phrase. Is it right? If yes, why it's an adjective phrase?

I can't find the theory to explain it in detail. Please show me how to understand the structure of above sentence.

Thank you!
Best,
David

Hi David,

'At risk of' is an example of a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases can have adjectival or adverbial functions in the sentence. In this case it is adjectival.

If you want to analyse sentences for the functions of various parts then a good place to start is an online parsing tool. They are not perfect but are a good starting point. You can find many online, such as this one.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

Is there any difference between ''The respected people went . . .'' and ''The people respected went . . . ?''

I know that there are ed-adjectives that can be used in both positions with a changing meaning. I could not find the list of these.

Thank you.

Hello JamlMakav,

The first phrase looks fine to me. The second does not look correct.

Some -ed forms can be used in participle phrases or as reduced relative clauses - see this page for some examples. That may be what you have in mind.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello once again,

Thank you for the answer. I am sorry that I confused you; I have a better example now: ''The responsible people'' and ''The people responsible.'' I remembered only this adjective, which changes the meaning when moved. Are there more of this type (dependent-on-position adjectives)?

Thank you.

Hello JamlMakav,

I'm afraid I'm not familiar with a list of adjectives like this, but you might want to read through the Cambridge Dictionary's page on Adjective position.

It also might be useful to search for pages on adjectives in 'attributive' or 'predicative' position -- these are the technical terms for position before a noun ('attributive') and after a link verb ('predicative'). This is a slightly different but related topic to what you're asking about here.

I hope this helps you.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

The context is that Joe is being French even though he is not, and Sarah is using irony. The adjective isn't gradable, so how can she express what I mean?

Sarah to Joe: ''Can't you be more of French?''

Thank you.

Hello MCWSL,

If you take out 'of', the sentence will work. You could also change the verb to 'act' and it will also work (without 'of').

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kirk,

Thank you for the answer. I am just wondering if this adjective is being used as a gradable adjective even though it is not gradable; for example, in the comparative form, we also use ''more'', as in ''more common''.

Thank you.

Hello MCWSL,

The adjective 'French' usually refers to nationality but it can also mean 'having the characteristics of Frenchness'. WIth this second meaning it is a gradeable adjective. Other nationality adjectives work in a similar way. For example:

I forgot to buy tomatoes and we don't have any cheese either. I'm afraid this meal isn't going to be very Italian!

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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