comparative and superlative adjectives


We use comparative adjectives to describe people and things:

This car is certainly better but it’s much more expensive.
I’m feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

When you drive faster it is more dangerous
> The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
When they climbed higher it got colder
> The higher they climbed, the colder it got.

Superlative adjectives:

We use the with a superlative:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters, Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest


Type the correct comparative adjectives into the gaps
Complete the sentences with comparative forms
Type the correct superlative adjectives into the gaps



I feel closer to her than him. Or, I feel closer to her than to him. Is 'to' after 'than' optional?

Hello raj.kumar123,

Both of those are fine. The 'to' can be omitted in the sentence, as you say.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,
Sometimes we use "He is the taller of the two." and sometimes "He is the tallest of the two." Why?
And how will we use: "The taller/tallest of the two (brothers) is very good."

Hello Darshan Sheth,

This is an example of the language changing over time. It used to be the case that using the superlative (e.g. 'the tallest') was incorrect if talk about two items. However, this is changing. Many people no say 'the tallest of the two'. To me, personally, it still sounds strange, but it is quite common in everyday use.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

But sir as we are using 'the', we have to use the superlative. Is this any reason for this problem?

Hello Darshan Sheth,

We can use 'the' with many adjectives:

the young

the old

the older

the oldest

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

How are we supposed to make a sentence consisted of EVEN and a comparative?
He is shyer even than me.
Hei is even shyer than me.
Or any other form? I intend to imply that the aforementioned ME is so shy and the HE is even shyer.
Best regards, thank you in advance.

Hello solitude,

There are several possibilities. 'Even' a comparative means that it is more than something which is already a lot.

It costs more than this phone. [the price is higher]

It costs even more than this phone. [the price is higher, and the phone was already a lot]

In your example we would say:

He is even shyer than me. [I am shy, he is more]

But we could also say, with the same meaning:

He is shyer even than me.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

"Using the adjectives at the top, type the correct form into the gaps to complete the sentences." I cant comprehend this instruction at exercise Comparative 1 and it's subsequent instruction referring to 'the top'. Where s top ?

Hello Githuga,

We recently changed the format of our exercises, and these instructions no longer made sense. I've now fixed this. Thank you very much for alerting us to this problem – it's thanks to you that it is now corrected!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team