We use comparative adjectives to describe people and things:

This car is certainly better but it’s much more expensive.
I’m feeling happier now.
We need a bigger garden

We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:

She is two years older than me.
New York is much bigger than Boston.
He is a better player than Ronaldo.
France is a bigger country than Britain.

When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:

The balloon got bigger and bigger.
Everything is getting more and more expensive.
Grandfather is looking older and older

We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:

When you drive faster it is more dangerous
> The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is.
When they climbed higher it got colder
> The higher they climbed, the colder it got.

Superlative adjectives:

We use the with a superlative:

It was the happiest day of my life.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
That’s the best film I have seen this year.
I have three sisters, Jan is the oldest and Angela is the youngest


Type the correct comparative adjectives into the gaps


Complete the sentences with comparative forms


Type the correct superlative adjectives into the gaps





I can understand the meaning of following sentence, "Among these things, channel funding and consumer stimulation are seen to be the most important." But I am not able to apply this structure to my own sentences.

Actually I don't know how "to be" is used here. If I wanted to rewrite this sentence, it would be like this: "the most important things among these would be channel funding and consumer stimulation."

Thank you in advance for your response.


Hello Maryam,

Normally I'd recommend looking up 'be seen' or 'see' in the Cambridge Dictionary to see other example sentences, but I've just checked and don't see any. Another possibility would be to look for the phrase 'are (or 'is') seen to' in a concordancer, which will show you examples of those words from different sources. To do that, go to this corpus and then write 'are seen to' in the search box. Press the 'Find matching strings' button and then click on the link ARE SEEN TO and you'll see such a list.

It might also help to know that 'to be' could also be replaced by 'as being' and the meaning would be similar. You could also say something like 'are perceived to be'. This use of '(be) seen + infinitive' is a relatively uncommon structure and is quite formal.

I hope this helps you!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

i have finished.

Hi! Thanks for the clear explanation. I would like to ask about using an adjective and a different comparative adjective in one sentence. For example, can we say "this is a good example but the other was worse"?
Thank you

Hello Torta,

Yes, you can use adjectives as in that sentence. I wanted to point out, though, that you should say 'but the other one was worse'. See our one and ones page for more.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

It did not ring right to my ear, but glad to learn that this combination is possible. I thought one would be worse only if the other one is bad.

Dear sir,
i'd like to learn more about differences between LONG , TALL , and HIGH
where can i found that
best regards

Hello abd_elrahmann,

I'd encourage you to look up each of these words in the Cambridge Dictionary, where the example sentences will show you a lot about how they are used. 'tall' and 'high' in particular have a very similar meaning, but are used with different words. For example, people are tall, but mountains are high (we don't say high people or tall mountains). The dictionary will show you more examples. I expect you could also find some useful webpages by doing an internet search for something like 'high or tall?'

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I just want to ask to enlighten me for these words. Best wishes and Regards. What's the difference between the two?

Hello Thelma,

Both of these are used in letters and emails and have a very similar meaning. They are semi-formal and quite common in modern English.

For more information on writing emails you might find this series useful.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team