Direction

We also use prepositional phrases to talk about direction:

 

across along back  back to down into
onto out of  past through to towards

She ran out of the house.
Walk past the bank and keep going to the end of the street.

We also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction:

 

abroad away anywhere downstairs downwards
everywhere here indoors inside nowhere
outdoors outside somewhere there upstairs

I would love to see Paris. I’ve never been there.
The bedroom is upstairs.
It was so cold that we stayed indoors.

We often have a preposition at the end of a clause:

This is the room we have our meals in.
The car door is very small so it’s difficult to get into.
I lifted the carpet and looked underneath.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello Kirk, I have a doubt with the following sentence.
'They sat opposite each other'
why not ' they sat opposite to each other' ?

Hello Melody16,

'Opposite' can have several functions in the sentence and when to use 'to' depends on this. It can be a noun, an adjective, a preposition or an adverb. When we use it to show location, as a preposition, it is used without 'to' as we do not need two prepositions in a row. Your sentence is an example of this.

When we use 'opposite' as an adjective with the meaning '[completely] different', we need to add 'to':

This sweater is opposite in colour to yours.

The direction of the water is opposite to what I expected.

When we use 'opposite' as an adverb, which is quite unusual, we do not add 'to':

I went to the left of the room and he went opposite.

 

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir,
I have two sentences with which I need your help.

1) Let's go to the front (Is this sentence correct?)
2) Let's walk down the platform (Is this sentence correct if we are standing on that part of the platform where the first coach of the train stops and I want to go to that part where the last coach stops)

Hello adtya,

Both sentences are grammatically correct. In the second one, 'down' doesn't really indicate one end of the platform or another – as far as I know, there are no common terms for the different ends – but given that you're standing on one end, 'down' would clearly indicate the other direction.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

 

Hi Teachers
Question 2 : She is going abroad to study for six months.
the answer of the question is Abroad, an adverbial of place.
Please I see it also as the object of going. also I see it as a noun.
if adverbial is to modify a verb, adjective or adverb, may I know what does it modify?
I am going London. is London a noun and the object of going or it is an adverbial modifying going?

Could I differentiate "in" and "into" with the explanation below?
-"In" is only for position
-"Into" is only for direction

If not, how could I differentiate them?

Hello Cesar98,

That is a nice idea but I'm afraid it's not quite that simple. While 'into' is usually about direction, 'in' can be used with both position and direction. For example, I can say 'The dog ran in the garage' with a meaning of 'into'. Apart from this, both words have other meanings in various phrases, such as 'I'm into heavy metal', meaning I'm interested in it.

So, in summary, it's a nice idea and not a bad rule of thumb, but it doesn't tell the whole story.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi
please i need to know what the difference between indoor, indoors and inside

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