adverbials of direction



We also use prepositional phrases to talk about direction:

across along back  back to down into
onto out of  past through to towards

She ran out of the house.
Walk past the bank and keep going to the end of the street.

We also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction:

abroad away anywhere downstairs downwards
everywhere here indoors inside nowhere
outdoors outside somewhere there upstairs

I would love to see Paris. I’ve never been there.
The bedroom is upstairs.
It was so cold that we stayed indoors.

We often have a preposition at the end of a clause:

This is the room we have our meals in.
The car door is very small so it’s difficult to get into.
I lifted the carpet and looked underneath.



Hi Teachers
Question 2 : She is going abroad to study for six months.
the answer of the question is Abroad, an adverbial of place.
Please I see it also as the object of going. also I see it as a noun.
if adverbial is to modify a verb, adjective or adverb, may I know what does it modify?
I am going London. is London a noun and the object of going or it is an adverbial modifying going?

Could I differentiate "in" and "into" with the explanation below?
-"In" is only for position
-"Into" is only for direction

If not, how could I differentiate them?

Hello Cesar98,

That is a nice idea but I'm afraid it's not quite that simple. While 'into' is usually about direction, 'in' can be used with both position and direction. For example, I can say 'The dog ran in the garage' with a meaning of 'into'. Apart from this, both words have other meanings in various phrases, such as 'I'm into heavy metal', meaning I'm interested in it.

So, in summary, it's a nice idea and not a bad rule of thumb, but it doesn't tell the whole story.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

please i need to know what the difference between indoor, indoors and inside

Hello hamad,

You can find all of these words in the Cambridge Dictionaries Online, for which there is a handy search box on the lower right side of this page. Note that 'indoor' and 'indoors' are different parts of speech (adjective vs. adverb). 'inside' is a bit more complex, as it can be used as several different parts of speech.

In terms of meaning, the first two are opposites of 'outdoor' and 'outdoors' - all of which essentially refer to being under a roof or not. 'inside' is not so specific, i.e. can be used in reference to a much wider variety of spaces.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello aarushmom,

'Past' means to go beyond, so it is possible to go 'past the bank' if 'the bank' refers to a building (where money is kept).

'Along' means to go in the same direction, following the route of a road, river or similar. You could go 'along the bank' if 'the bank' refers to the bank of a river.

I hope that helps to clarify it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Great exercise.
I wish there were more exercises for practice.
Thank you.

oh i have got only 60% in fact i cant Distinguishes between the differences of using all these adverbs. can you tell me about way make me understanding :) thank you.