Adverbs of manner are usually formed from adjectives by adding –ly:

bad > badly; quiet > quietly; recent > recently; sudden > suddenly

but there are sometimes changes in spelling:

easy > easily; gentle > gently

If an adjective ends in –ly we use the phrase in a …. way to express manner:

Silly > He behaved in a silly way.
Friendly > She spoke in a friendly way.

A few adverbs of manner have the same form as the adjective:

They all worked hard.
She usually arrives late.
I hate driving fast.

Note: hardly and lately have different meanings:
He could hardly walk = It was difficult for him to walk.
I haven’t seen John lately = I haven’t seen John recently.

We often use phrases with like as adverbials of manner:

She slept like a baby.
He ran like a rabbit.

 

Adverbs of manner and link verbs

We very often use adverbials with like after link verbs:

Her hands felt like ice.
It smells like fresh bread.

But we do not use other adverbials of manner after link verbs. We use adjectives instead:

They looked happily happy.
That bread smells deliciously delicious.

Try these exercises to practice your use of adverbials of manner.

Try these tasks to practice your use of placement of adverbials.

Task 1

Exercise

Task 2

Exercise

Task 3

Exercise

Task 4

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello, I would like to ask a question.
I do not understand that sometimes we use -ly for adverbs, sometimes we do not use -ly.
For example; we cant say "they looked happily, we should say they look happy.
But in the exercises:"The hungry cat looked greedily (greedy) at the chicken on the dinner table" is the true answer.
Thanks for reading.

Hello domatescim,

Yes, I can see how that's confusing, but I'm afraid that English, like most languages, is not always consistent. There are many adverbs that end in 'ly', but many of the most commonly used adverbs do not end in 'ly', and in fact many have the same form as common adjectives. I'd recommend that you look carefully at words that you think are adverbs to make sure that they are functioning as adverbs in sentences.

For example, in 'They look happy', 'happy' is not an adverb but rather an adjective. This is because 'look' in this sentence is a link verb (like the verb 'be'), and link verbs are followed by an adjective (or it's also possible for a noun to come after them). If you used 'look' in a different way, you could use the adverb 'happily' with it -- for example, 'The children happily looked for Easter eggs'. In this case, 'look' has a different meaning ('search'). The sentence in the exercises is similar to the example I just gave, in which 'look' is not a link verb.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Here's double "writes" in task 2.

Hi Guys,

In the one of the exercises I see: Have you ever eaten frogs’ legs?
As I'm going through the grammar section one by one, I'm just after the noun modifier part. There you can find a warning note: "We do not talk about: The car’s door;"... So what makes that example different? The only thing that comes to my mind is that the legs are no longer a part of a frog :-).

Hello Jarek_0,

That's very observant of you! The difference between 'the car's door' and 'frogs' legs' is that a car is an inanimate object and frogs are animals. In other words, 's is most often used with people, animals or groups of living beings, and not with inanimate objects.

This is not a hard-and-fast rule that always works, but is good rule of thumb to keep in mind and adequately explains this case.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
What's the difference between 'too' and 'as well' when placed at the end of a sentence ? Is there a situation where one is preferable to the other ?

Regards
Petals

Hello Petals,

They mean the same thing, but are used a bit differently. 'as well' is more common in speaking than writing, and almost always comes at the end of a sentence. 'too' can be used in other positions and is common in both formal and informal situations. The Cambridge Dictionary has a page that you might find useful.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

If "a relative adverb" introduces a group of words, or a clause, that tells more about a "noun", then WHY should we call it ADVERB.

On the other hand, an adverb tells us more about a VERB.

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