A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.

Exercise

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Comments

Hello British Council!
In the sentence: He has been ill ____ a fortnight, will it be since or for? Could you please explain when we should use these two words?
Thanks.

Hello AK,

We use 'since' with a point in time. For example:

since Thursday

since I was a child

since you saw him

since 4.30 this morning

 

We use 'for' with a period of time. For example:

for six weeks

for a decade

for my whole life

 

In your example, 'fortnight' represents a period of time and so 'for' is needed.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello English Team!
I have a question about the usage of 'under'
The sentence I wrote was "Here's a glimpse of how the American Health Care Act might unfold if it becomes law under few years.

Question 1. Is the section "under few years" grammatically wrong?

Question 2. Do I have to add 'in' and change it to "in under few years"

Question 3. If I wanted to express a fairly short amount of time is I okay to use "under few years" not "under a few years".

Hello poopy101,

The correct word here is 'in', not 'under'.

You can say 'in a few years' or 'within a few years'. It is possible to say 'in under' but it is followed by a concrete time period, not a general time reference like 'a few'. Thus you could say 'in under 10 years' or 'in under a decade'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello teacher :

Is it true to use more than one preposition phrase in sentence ?and How to separate between them ?
EX: It's a great chance to me to discover new world, meeting new friends with different culture

Hello again nkmg,

Yes, you can use more than one prepositional phrase in a sentence. Most of the time, there is no punctuation necessary between them -- the prepositions show that a new preposition phrase is starting -- though I imagine there are examples when it could be necessary. In your example, though, you can just say 'It's a great chance for me to discover a new world and make new friends from different cultures.' No extra punctuation is needed.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello British Council.
Could you please explain the differences between "at the beginning" and "in the beginning" with some examples?

Thank you, Kirk.
It was helpful, indeed.

Thanks Peter M.
I'll continue check it.

Thank you!!

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