A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.

Exercise

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Comments

Hello English Team!
I have a question about the usage of 'under'
The sentence I wrote was "Here's a glimpse of how the American Health Care Act might unfold if it becomes law under few years.

Question 1. Is the section "under few years" grammatically wrong?

Question 2. Do I have to add 'in' and change it to "in under few years"

Question 3. If I wanted to express a fairly short amount of time is I okay to use "under few years" not "under a few years".

Hello poopy101,

The correct word here is 'in', not 'under'.

You can say 'in a few years' or 'within a few years'. It is possible to say 'in under' but it is followed by a concrete time period, not a general time reference like 'a few'. Thus you could say 'in under 10 years' or 'in under a decade'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello teacher :

Is it true to use more than one preposition phrase in sentence ?and How to separate between them ?
EX: It's a great chance to me to discover new world, meeting new friends with different culture

Hello again nkmg,

Yes, you can use more than one prepositional phrase in a sentence. Most of the time, there is no punctuation necessary between them -- the prepositions show that a new preposition phrase is starting -- though I imagine there are examples when it could be necessary. In your example, though, you can just say 'It's a great chance for me to discover a new world and make new friends from different cultures.' No extra punctuation is needed.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello British Council.
Could you please explain the differences between "at the beginning" and "in the beginning" with some examples?

Thank you, Kirk.
It was helpful, indeed.

Thanks Peter M.
I'll continue check it.

Thank you!!

Hello I have a question about preposition.
1. We just got __the train and headed for Florence.
2. We were stuck__the plane for hours in Jakarta.

I thought No 1 is on, and No 2 is in because 1 is now i got the train and 2 is we were in there continue but the answer is "No2" is "on" the same No1.

In this case, we just think about train,bus,plane are all use "on" or we should keep meaning all sentence.
I have just confused about it many preposition has like example so i think about the meaning of sentense but they're wrong.
Please who can explain for me.

Thanks.

Hello sunyoung,

 

Prepositions can be difficult because it is often hard to predict or guess which one is used in a given context. There are core meanings, but these are not always helpful.

 

In your examples, the answer is 'on' to each sentence because we tend to say 'on' with train and plane. If you were talking about a car, for example, then you would say 'get in' and 'be stuck in', so you can see that the preposition here depends upon the noun, not the verb. You need to remember which preposition is used with 'train', which with 'car' and so on. A good tip is to note any prepositions which go with nouns, so that if you record some vocabulary, such as means of transport, then record common prepositions with the nouns.

 

It's helpful to learn common patterns with prepositions. You can see some of those patterns on these pages:

 

prepositional phrases

verbs & prepositions

adjectives & prepositions

adverbs of direction

adverbs of location

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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