A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.




Hey. My question is after a copula we have a subject complement, in this sentence : Joe felt ready in front of a big crowd, phrases after the adjective ready which is a subject complement can also function as complement? What kind ? Ty

Hello lfg16,

Our site here is not a linguistics site but a site for language learners and this question, which is about parsing sentences, falls outside of that.

There are online parsing sites which you might find useful:




There are also plenty of online linguistics fora you might try.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I would like to ask some questions about following:

I went to the movies with Sarah, David, and Tom.
(what type of modifier is prepositional phrase(with...) here?)

Think of the pressure (that) she was under
(Is ''under pressure'' dependent preposition + noun, and why can it be used here?)

It is a great position to be in
(what connection preposition ''in'' has in this sentence, and what type of modifier is prepositional phrase '' to be..'' here?)

Thank you

Hello MCWSL,

I'm afraid these question fall outside of the scope of our site. LearnEnglish is a site for learners of English and our goal is to help them to use the language better. Your questions deal with language analysis and the terminology of language, which are questions of linguistics, not language learning. You can find many sites which deal with linguistics and linguistic terminology, often with very lively discussion boards, and I think these are a better place for you to look for this kind of information.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

If you think of a sentence as a story, prepositional phrases supply the context or setting of the story. They relate the surrounding circumstances, conditions and elements of the story by answering the questions Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? Which? and Whose? For example [my comments in brackets]:
Columbus sailed the ocean blue [the story]
in 1492 [When? What year?]
from September 6 [When? What start date?]
to October12 [When? What end date?]
from Europe [Where? What starting location?]
to America [Where? What ending location?]
with three crews [Who else sailed?]
aboard the three ships [What else was involved?]
of Juan Niño and Juan de la Cosa [Whose ships?]
for the queen [Why did Columbus sail?]
of Spain [Which queen?]
by heading west [How did he get to America?].
The eleven prepositions above (in, from, to, from, to, with, aboard, of, for, of, by) are actually context links, that attach the various context/setting items to the story of Columbus (the main character) sailing the ocean (the plot). The purpose of prepositional phrases is to provide context, so that the reader can grasp the big picture behind the story.


''Stay put'' looks like a pharsal verb, but ''put'' is not a preposition. How is this whole thing called?

When is apostrophe used after preposition of?

A photo of Tom's but the complete plays of Laura.

Thank you.

Hello MCWSL,

'Stay put' is an idiomatic expression meaning to stay where one is ('stay here'/'stay there'). As an idiomatic expression we do not break it up into its constituent parts; it is fixed, other than for shifts in tense.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


what is diff. between OVER and ABOVE

Hello pyramid.org,

You can find definitions and examples for these words in any online dictionary which should show you the different ways in which they are used. I'm afraid we can't give long lists of all the different uses of words like this. We can answer specific questions, however, if there is an example which you have in mind, for example.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello there,

I often get very confused between the correct usage of 'for' or 'of' in a sentence.

Please can you let me know when to use 'for' or 'of.'

For example, in the following sentence whether I should be using 'for' or 'of' or both can be used without changing the meaning of the sentence:

Due to the high demand for/of this product and the way that the supply chain works, there is a real need for supply chain flexibility to ensure continuous supply.

Thank you very much in advance for your help.