A prepositional phrase is made up of a preposition and a noun phrase. We use prepositional phrases for many purposes, for example:

- as adverbials of time and place:

We will be back in a few days.
They drove to Glasgow

.- as a postmodifier in a noun phrase:

Helen is the girl in the red dress
We’ve got a new television with a thirty one inch screen.

- to show who did something:

The lion was killed by the hunter
I saw a wonderful painting by Van Gogh

- with double object verbs like give and get:

We gave five pounds to the woman on the corner.
They got a drink for me.

- after certain verbs, nouns and adjectives:

The book belongs to me.
I had an argument with my brother.
I feel sorry for you.

Exercise

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Comments

Dear Sir
Thank you very much for the explanation. This is the first time I heard about this and it is very complecative.
Thank you again.
Andrew int

Hello Lal,

Although I think I understand what that question is asking, it isn't standard English as far as I know. If you're asking in general, I'd recommend 'Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?'

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sir
Please tell me which is correct 1st or the 2nd.
1. What time is the train to London?
2. What time is the train for London?
I think the 2nd is correct. Please let me know.

Dear Sir
Thank you for your reply. Sorry about the dealy in replying.
Now I would like to ask a few questions to make some doubts clear.
We use 'to' when talking about movements or directions. For eg. The train is going to London. I went to london last week. But I flew for London. (location). Is this the train for London? (location)
If it is the direction we use 'to' if it is location we use 'for.' I am I correct, sir.
Thank you.
Andrew int

Hello andrew international,

The first is the standard form and the one I'd recommend you use. The second is probably correct in some varieties of English, but would sound a little strange to many.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Which preposition is correct before street: in the street or on the street?

Hello surendra,

Both 'in' and 'on' can be used here. There is a comment on this on the BBC Learning English site that can give you some direction, but the truth is that there is so much variation in possible meanings and usage – for example, 'in' is used to indicate one's address ('in 17 Main St') in British English, while in American English that sounds strange – that I'm afraid a comprehensive answer is beyond the scope of what we do here. 

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

John gave a book to me.Whether 'to me' is indirect object or adverbial in this sentence? Explain,please.

Hell surendra kumar,

The phrase 'to me' is a prepositional phrase. The indirect object is 'me'.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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