The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

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Comments

Hello,

We usually use would + bare infinitive in a result clause and past simple in an if-clause(when describing unreal future conditional), but here ("Wouldn't it be awkward to see what he WROTE if he were to write it) we use just past simple, not would + bare infinitive. Why is that?

Thank you

Hello JamlMakav,

The sentence here follows the normal pattern. If we rearrange the order of the clauses this is easier to see:

If he were to write it wouldn't it be awkward to see what he wrote?

The if-clause contains a past simple form ('If he were to') which can also be written in a more common and less formal manner ('If he wrote'). The result clause contains would + the bare infinitive ('wouldn't it be'). The other past simple here is embedded within the result clause but does not change the overall pattern.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you very much, Peter. I just have one more question.

Could I make a conditional within the subordinate clause? Is it even possible?
For example, ''Wouldn't it be awkward to see what he would write if he even accepted?''

Thank you very much.

Hello JamlMakav,

It certainly is possible and that sentence is a good example.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

hello
01.There are two people there.
02.There are two many people there.

which is the correct one ( without many and with many ?)

Hello raj jk,

The first sentence is correct. We do not use 'two many' so the second sentence is incorrect.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Do you mean that many is only used with asking question?such as
How many coins are there
How many students are there?
but what about countable non countable grammar rule? countable - many, uncountable- much

Hello raj jk,

No, that is not what I said. I said only that 'two many' is not used. You can use a number ('two') or a quantifier ('many', 'a lot of', 'some') but you cannot use both together. It is possible to say 'too many', but that is not a number even though the pronunciation is the same.

'Many' is more common in questions than affirmative sentences but it can be used in either.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

''The road was measured to be 100 foot long''

I believe that this construction(to be...) kind of shows uncertainty or approximation. Am I right? We could only say ''The road was 100 feet long''

Thank you

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