The structure of the clause depends on the verb. For example:

  • An intransitive verb has the structure: N(=noun) + V(=verb): (John) + (smiled).
  • A transitive verb has the structure: N + V + N: (We) + (had been playing) + (football)
  • A link verb has the structure: N + V + Adj : (She) + (looked) + (happy)
  • A phrasal verb has the structure: N + V + p + N (She) + (gave) +(back) + (the money)
    N + V + N + p (She) + (gave) + (the money) + (back)




please help me. I cannot practice the exercises. they do not show in the page.

Hello mithiladw,

Are you by chance using Firefox? We've found that Firefox is not displaying our exercises properly. We're trying to fix this, but in the meantime I'd suggest you try a different browser (e.g. Chrome or Internet Explorer). Sorry for the inconvenience!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

1)He will be handling this project since he has the vast experience in handling in this business.
plz justify whether article the should be used or not?
2)in newspaper headlines why only simple present tense is used?
3)in newspaper report ,I see sometimes news is introduced with present perfect and then simple past is used to give details. Sometimes only simple past and no present perfect is used.Sir, plzz clarify usage of simple past and present perfect.Does it also depend upon attitude of reporter rather than facts only in view of which tense to be used.
4)can simple present be used to describe a story which happened in past time?
5)a)I missed the train which i usually catch and i had to travel by the next one.
b)I missed the train which i used to catch and i had to travel by the next one.
what is the difference in sense of meaning of these two sentences?

Hello innocentashish420,

I'm sorry, but we are not able to provide such long and in-depth explanations to multiple questions. Our main focus here is to provide help with our materials. When time allows we try to answer some questions about English in general. However, we cannot provide online lessons of the sort that your questions require - this is the job of a teacher where you live.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

would you please help me giving the elaboration of p in the structure N V p N.

Hi, I need some help with this sentence:
I tried to persuade his mother to send him to a school for handicaped children.
What is the structure here? Noun=subject + verb transitive + ??

Hello Irena,

There are a number of online tools which you can use to break sentences up (the name for this is 'parse the sentence'). For example, try going to this page and typing your sentence into the window:

I hope that helps you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, Mr Peter.
Best wishes.

Good Afetrnoon.

I'm not completely sure if this is the most appropiate section for publishing this comment, but I have an huge doubt and I need that a british teacher gives me clues for solving it.

Actually I have readen all the grammar folder of this website, even though i can not find the answer to that question.

Must I say?

John gave some flowers to her.

or can I say?

John have some flowers her.

I know that for verbs like "tell" or "listen" is a must to put "to" before the Indirect Object nevertheless I am not sure if it is correct for all the verbs or if I have to learn it for each verb.

Is there any kind of verbs which must be used with "to" before the Indirect Object?

If the answer is positive, can you give the name of that verbs to look for an exhaustive list?

Thnak you very much for your help and for this free website, it is a huge help for imporving my English and it is for free!

Best Regards!

Thank you,Mr Adam.
Would not you mind my asking you again?
Can I substitute understand for comprehend?
I understood what you had said.
I comprehended what you had said.