intransitive verbs


Intransitive verbs have the pattern N + V (noun + verb). The clause is complete without anything else:

Noun Phrase (Subject) Verb Phrase
The baby
was sleeping

(John) (smiled).
(Nothing) (has happened).
(The baby) (was sleeping).



Clause starting with "that" after a verb is transitive or intransitive ?? Like, He said that he had gone to England. Here, how is the verb "say" is used?

Hello Rahul Paul,

'Said' can be both transitive and intransitive. Where it is followed by a that-clause, the that-clause acts as the direct object and the verb is transitive. For examples of other reporting verbs which work in the same way, look here.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi ,british council team
in the sentence "she likes" contains noun and verb. Why don't we use this as an intranstive verb sentence .why this is a transtive verb sentence.similarly the sentences
1.I make
2.she put
can you please explein the reason with more examples.I didn;t understand this.

Hello krishna0891,

'like' indicates pleasurable feelings that some thing causes – that thing is the object of the transitive verb 'like'. 'make' and 'do' also don't make much sense without an object, as some object changes or is produced when you make or put it somewhere. Perhaps I'm missing something because I'm a native speaker of English, but to my mind, all three of these verbs can only be transitive. In any case, this is how they are viewed by native speakers. 

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team


I don't understand why "'That smells!" is intransitive verb. As I know that usually the verb smell is followed by good, delicious or bad etc. I've never heard "That smells!".

Thank you!


Hello there,

'Go' is intransitive verb, so it means it doesn't need any direct object. Could I know about these sentences.

'I went into the house'
'She went home early'

Why don't we use 'to' in second sentence? 'She went to home early.'

Help me with this.

Thank you.

Hello naaka,

In this sentence 'home' is not a verb, but an adverb (of place). If we want to use the noun 'home' then we do use 'to', but we need a possessive pronoun as well:

I went to my home.

In the phrase 'go into', 'into' is a preposition, and prepositions have objects.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Mr. Kirk,

In the intransitive verb section, there was one question: That smells!...looks like the sentence is incomplete to me sir. Actually, i am a little bit confused here sir. I thought an adjective would come over there. Can you please clarify me sir?


Hello saipathudut,

You are right that an adjective could come after 'smells' here, if we wanted to give more information. However, it is not necessary. 'That smells' means that it smells unpleasant, without any other details, just as 'That hurts' tells us about the pain, but not in any detail. There are a number of verbs which work like this: smell, hurt, sting, ache and tickle, amongst others.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team