Some transitive verbs can have a noun phrase as an object:

Everybody likes good food.
George considered the problem.

or the –ing form of the verb:

Everybody likes eating.
George considered starting again.

Note: we suggest that you read about Verbs with to + infinitive before doing this activity.





I enjoy watching my favourite team win.
why can't I say: I enjoy to watch my favourite team winning?
Can you provide me with a link about the rules regarding my question?

Thank you in advance.

Hello Firas961,

'I enjoy to watch' is not correct and 'I enjoy watching' is correct. I'm afraid this is just a pattern that you have to learn. There is a good list of these kinds of verb patterns on this Cambridge Dictionary verb patterns page.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello dear Teachers!
I have a little problem with interpretation this sentence: "George considered starting again". There is Past and Ving and I can't understand the meaning of this sentence

Dear sir,
I would like to learn the situations where we can use to + present participle structure ( to + verb ing form ). I am really confused and need your help to understand this concept. Kindly, present the rules for such usage if there are any.

Hello Ramesh,

It is hard to comment without seeing a specific examples, but in general when we have the structure 'to + -ing' the rule is that 'to' is a preposition and is followed by an object. The object can be a noun or a gerund - here it is a gerund.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

hello there,

Is there a any sentence pattern like 'Having been.......'. I only know 'Have been...' I 'd like to know whether it's correct or not.

Thank you.

Hello naaka,

The form 'Having been [+ past participle]' is a correct form. It is an example of a participle clause - see this page for more information.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hi teachers
Does it mean that only transitive verbs that take ing phrase?
kindly tell so that it will reduce my grammatical errors.

Hello grammar2015,

Only transitive verbs have objects and so only they can take an -ing form as an object. It is possible for -ing forms to follow intransitive verbs, but the -ing form in this case would not be an object but would be another form, such as a present participle.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team