Clause, phrase and sentence

 

The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Comments

Hi Sarpong Daniel,

Yes, that is correct. I might say "Daniel is looking forward to seeing his friend Sarpong" (without 'the arrival of'), simply because this is a very common way of saying this, but your sentence is grammatically correct.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Meh!

Try thinking about pretty as 'a bit' or 'quite'. When you use keen to talk about an activity, it means you want to do it a lot or like it a lot. Then We are pretty keen cyclists means  We cycle quite a lot

Hope that helps!

Jeremy Bee

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Bee

Thank for your reply. I read your answer but I am still unclear the meaning of that sentence. Could you describe elaborately with example about that.

Thank you
Meh

Dear Meh,

Which part of the sentence are you finding it hard to understand?

Best wishes,

Adam
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear AdamJK
I am sorry for late reply about your ask.I am not clear "pretty keen" part of the sentence.
Please elaborately describe about that.

Thanks
MEH

hello all
i am writing to ask you a question about study English.
How to improve English languages listening reading and writing?
Thanks You
Best Regards
Cheng Rathsothea

According to Cambridge Dictionary pretty means not extremely and keen means extreme or strong. I cannot comprehend the below sentence meaning:

We are pretty keen cyclists.

Dear Sir,
With respect to the clause structure, can you please tell me whether my answer is right or not?

As a 72-hour truce mediated by Egypt took hold, Israel said it had withdrawn its forces from Gaza and Hamas said it would engage in talks on a lasting peace agreement.

In the above sentence, "As a 72-hour truce mediated by Egypt took hold" - is the subject of the sentence. Am I right sir?

Hello saipathudut,

No, 'as' is a subordinating conjunction that introduces a dependent adverbial clause, which here indicates the time. Note that you could move this clause to the end of the sentence (after 'peace agreement'), and the sentence would mean the same thing. If you can move a clause without changing the meaning, that's generally a sign that it is not the subject of the sentence.

The sentence has two main subjects: 'Israel' and 'Hamas'. To find the main subjects, look for the main verbs ('said' and 'said'). This is not always so easy, but with some practice should get easier.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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