Clause, phrase and sentence

 

The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Comments

Thanks for your reply... The passive voice as used in letters or essays... is it recommended for IELTS writting section instead of the simple phrase? In the first sentence, is it correct to elaborate to : After looking at the local newspaper the tour guide position, I am sending my candidature with pleasure. Do you recommend to write in this form a letter or narration essay instead to all with a subject+verb+rest of the phrase...? Would it give you more points taking the risk in using it?

Thaks

Hello Mayela,

There are times when it's better to use the passive voice, but I'm afraid that goes beyond what we can do for you here at LearnEnglish - for that kind of attention, I'm afraid you'll have to look for advice from a teacher or in a class. But in general, I'd recommend using the active voice when possible.

I'm afraid I don't completely explain your next-to-last question, but I'll repeat that the second sentence in your previous comment was very nicely written - it was great, especially for a letter.

It's good to attempt to use a broad range of grammar, but until you're fairly confident about it, I wouldn't use it if you can use other forms with greater accuracy. Why don't you do an internet search for "sample cover letters" so you can see examples of them?

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
Which question form is correct." What is your full name and address?" or " What are your full name and address?".

Hello afsalrahiman,

The first is the form that is typically found. This may seem a bit odd, as full name and address are two separate things, but here they are conceived of as a unit.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

hi,
can u help me in writing for IELTS ...for the 1 section ...like charts, graphs...
i mean how to start and infer from the given data,please
thank you

Hello anithajessy,

Have you looked at the TakeIELTS website? There is lots of information on each section of the test and advice on how to prepare for it. On the free practice tests page, there are links to pages for both the general and academic writing papers. At the bottom of those pages, you can see an example question and model answer. I'd suggest you take a look at these examples.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I spend a lot of time for reading. Is it correct? If not, please clarify.

Hello afsalrahiman,

Do you mean if it's good to spend a lot of time reading to learn English? In general, I would say that reading is a great way to learn, especially if you highlight new words and expressions that you find interesting or useful.

If you're asking whether that sentence is correct, it almost is. The preposition for is not used in this case: "I spend a lot of time reading". The expression is spend time doing something.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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