The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

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Comments

Dear,
I am wondering if it's correct sentence : 'I would like to inform you that'

Thanks in advance.

Hello Josef,

That is the correct beginning of a sentence, but is not a correct sentence all by itself. Some kind of clause is needed after 'that', e.g. 'I would like to inform you that flight 79 to Malmö has been delayed until 17:30'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
Should I say " Two witnesses is enough to prove him guilty" or " Two witnesses are enough to prove him guilty"?

Thanks in advance

Hello Abdullah,

Both forms are possible here. Strictly speaking, the plural form 'are' is the correct one, since a plural subject should take a plural (and not a singular) verb. In some contexts, however, people, especially people who are often involved in trials (e.g. lawyers or police officers) might say 'is' because they're thinking of two witnesses as a unit, which would result in a singular verb.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir
thank u for your help.
i have problem with this sentence.
"The fact that all parties appear to be treating it in such a lackadaisical manner is disappointing because it reveals a lack of interest to engage on differences in any serious manner."
please tell me that in the above sentence ; why "to be treating" is used instead of treating.

Hello KhansaaKhan,

The present continuous is explained on our present continuous page. Without knowing the context, I could be wrong, but it appears to me that this sentence is describing ongoing negotiations.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sir please tell me which sentence is correct.

Techniques help you learn.
Techniques help you to learn.

Hello Rind.aziz,

Most verbs are followed by a specific verb form, but 'help' can be followed by either the bare infinitive ('learn') or the to + infinitive ('to learn'). There is no difference in meaning. By the way, you can often find this kind of information in the example sentences in the dictionary.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi sir,
i am confused about the following sentence:
"the country is one step closer to achieving a truly historic landmark."
why not "to achieve" has used ?
If "to" is preposition here and requires a noun or noun phrase, then please tell me :Is there any rule which helps in indentifying prepositional ‘to’? If there is no such rule then can we collect a list of such confusing prepositional 'to' if they are not many in number.

Hello KHANSAAKHAN,

'To' here is indeed a preposition and so is here followed by a gerund. I'm afraid there is no rule for identifying this; you simply need to remember that certain phrases collocate with certain forms (e.g. 'be close to' is followed by a gerund/noun).

 


Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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