Clause, phrase and sentence

 

The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Comments

Dear sirs.
Could you check the following sentences?
As is illustrated by the graph, females outnumber males in 3 categories.
or
As it is illustrated by the graph, females outnumber males in 3 categories.
Can I not write a dummy subject.
Thank you in advance.
Best wishes,
Kamran.

Hello Kamran,

The second construction does not work here. We use a dummy subject when there is no other subject; however, here we have a subject (the graph) and can use it in active or passive constructions. Your alternatives are:

As is illustrated by the graph...

As illustrated by the graph...

As the graph illustrates...

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

 

Hello , please explain whether we should use plural countable nouns after word" variety of " . Should I say: variety of activity or variety of activities.
Thank you

Hello shadyar,

Since the word 'variety' implies plurality, we use a plural word after 'a variety of': 'a variety of activities' in this case.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
Would you please tell the difference between to this below sentences:
"let's go " and "let us go"
Thank you

Hello shadyar,

The 's in let's go is a contracted form of us, so these two phrases have the same meaning. Let us go, however, is not used in colloquial speech or any but the most formal or ritualized contexts. Let's go, in contrast, is quite common in many situations.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
It happened by chance to see my son's English exam paper. I recognized the following question strange both in the stem and the choices.
Question: My parents gone to the U.S. on-----------?
1-vacation 2- holiday 3- trip 4- foot
In the stem the word "gone" seems incorrect grammatically. I think "My parents have been in the U.A …" seems reasonable. Furthermore it seems both choices vacation and holiday are correct. What is your idea? which choice is corret.
My next question is can we use the preposition "on" for trip and say" I was on a trip".
thanks

Hello shadyar,

This sentence with just 'gone' as the verb form is indeed not grammatical; perhaps the word 'have' (making the verb 'have gone') was left out by mistake. The preposition 'on' could be used with options 1, 2 and 4, and, as you ask, even 3 if it were 'a trip' (instead of 'trip'). Perhaps the exercise was to find the one incorrect answer.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
Does with in " Jack will fight with John" mean that Jack will fight against John, or He will fight on his side against someone else?

Thanks in advance

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