The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

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Comments

Hello mswerton,

We can form a negative meaning in either way:

I have no time.

I don't have any time.

The meaning here is the same. The first form is more formal, more literary and less common.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you Peter - very helpful!

Hello .please tell me it is true to negate a noun clause when we use this noun clause as an object . For example,it is true to say:
"I know that this is not your book."
Thank you.

Hello rastak keen,

That is a correct sentence, yes, and we can use 'not' in that way.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Can you tell me the main difference between Clause and Phrase?

Hello Muhammad Hussain 786,

This is actually quite a complex question which goes into the realm of linguistics rather than langage learning. You can find definitions on these pages:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clause

 a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phrase

a phrase is any group of words, or sometimes a single word, which plays a particular role within the grammatical structure of a sentence

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. please tell me this sentence is true?
"There being so much noise,I could not hear what was going on."
I think the first part is wrong.I can not understand what is the role of (being).
With best regards.

Hello raskak keen,

That sentence is quite formal or literary, but is correct. The structure 'There being...' means the same as 'Because there was...' and is a literary way to express it.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sirs,

Would you please clarify that while using the adjectives "good", "better", or "best" we must use "the" before them or not.

All the best,

Sayed Obaidullah Hashimi

Hello Sayed Obaidullah Hashimi,

There is no rule that says 'the' must be used before these adjectives. The use of articles is governed by rules which are related to the meaning of nouns in sentences. It is true that superlatives such as 'best' are often preceded by 'the' because they describe specific unique things, but this is not always the case. Remember that these are adjectives, and articles are used with nouns, even if the noun is omitted from the sentence for stylistic reasons.

You can read about the use of articles, including 'the', on this page - use the links on the right for pages about particular articles.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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