Clause, phrase and sentence

 

The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

Comments

Hello,
Does with in " Jack will fight with John" mean that Jack will fight against John, or He will fight on his side against someone else?

Thanks in advance

Hi zagrus,

'fight with someone' is ambiguous in English - it could mean that Jack is fighting against John, or it could mean the two are helping each other to fight someone or something else. Normally, it should be clear from context, or, if you're writing, you could express it in a different way, e.g. using 'against' instead of 'with' or some other expression.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Sirs,

As I have finished a test of grammar, and obtained the "correct answer" showing that I got it wrong, I would like to ask whether my answer was correct or not. The quiz is listed below:

36. Aspirin can be poisonous when ____ in excessive amounts.
(1) taken (2) taking (3) is taken (4) to be taken

The correct answer is said to be (1) taken.
However, I'd suggest (2) taking is more appropriate and correct.

Would anyone please clarify the confusion of mine, and perhaps support my answer if it was the correct option? By the way, as it is possible to offer the debate to fight for extra points before 6:00PM in Taiwan, this request is pretty urgent. Dreadfully sorry if causing any inconvenience, but I'd appreciate greatly for those who answered in time.

Thank you all in advance.

B.R.
Emerald Zeng from Taiwan

Hello EmeraldZ,

The correct answer was indeed 'taken'. It might help to think of 'when taken' as an abbreviated form of 'when it is taken'.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sirs.
I ask your help to clarify several expressions.
Is this sentence correct?
John was capable of raising this question at the meeting.
or
John was able to raise this question at the meeting.
Thank you beforehand.
Best wishes.

Hello Sir,
Regarding the sentence given below,
'Parents are the ones they think they can confide in,and who they think of as their haven.'
Is this sentence correct ;especially the latter half.Does it sound right.If not could you please suggest a better expression.

Thankyou.

Dear Sir

According to Cambridge Dictionary pretty means not extremely and keen means extreme or strong. I cannot comprehend the below sentence meaning:

We are pretty keen cyclists.

Could you describe the meaning of above sentence, by any chance?

Thanks
MEH

Dear sir, I am Sarpong from Ghana and I want to ask if the sentence below is correct and why? "Daniel is looking forward to seeing the arrival of his friend,Sarpong"

Hi Sarpong Daniel,

Yes, that is correct. I might say "Daniel is looking forward to seeing his friend Sarpong" (without 'the arrival of'), simply because this is a very common way of saying this, but your sentence is grammatically correct.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Meh!

Try thinking about pretty as 'a bit' or 'quite'. When you use keen to talk about an activity, it means you want to do it a lot or like it a lot. Then We are pretty keen cyclists means  We cycle quite a lot

Hope that helps!

Jeremy Bee

The LearnEnglish Team

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