The basic unit of English grammar is the clause:

[An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother]

[and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.]

Clauses are made up of phrases:

[An unlucky student] + [almost lost] + [a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000]

[when] + [he] + [left] + [it] + [in the waiting room of a London station.]

[William Brown] + [inherited] + [the 1698 Stradivarius violin] + [from his mother]

[and] [had just had it valued] + [by a London dealer] + [at £180,000.]

We can join two or more clauses together to make sentences.

An unlucky student almost lost a 17th century violin worth almost £200,000 when he left it in the waiting room of a London station.

William Brown inherited the 1698 Stradivarius violin from his mother and had just had it valued by a London dealer at £180,000.


 

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Comments

Hello,
I would like to ask if the word market means an open market where people sell fresh fruits,vegetables on weekly basis,in an open area
Thank you in advanced

Hello anasge,

Much of the time, 'market' does indeed refer to an open-air market, but not always -- in some contexts it is used to refer to other kinds of places. If you do an image search for 'market', you'll see a variety of types of places.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you Peter
I have another question,please
If I want to ask a question using (which) in this sentence
My favourite horse is the fat one:
Which is your favourite horse? or
Which horse is your favourite one?
or something else?

Hello Adill,

Both questions are correct but the first one is much more common and the second sentence is more likely to be formed without the unneccessary word 'one' (Which horse is your favourite?)

When the items in question are in front of us we generally do not need to say the noun as it is obvious, so the most likely question is in fact Which is your favourite? or Which one is your favourite?

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
Which is correct
1. In Athens , it's pretty hot during summer or In Athens it's pretty hot during the summer?

2,The temperature reaches the 45 celcium? or

The temperature reaches the 45 degrees?

3. When the wind is strong we say today is a windy day?
Can we also say today is a very windy day?

4. When is going to start working?or When does she start working?

Thank you in advanced

Hello anasge,

That's a lot of questions!

I'd say 'in the summer', 'can reach 45 degrees' and either 'is she going to start' or 'does she start'. Yes, you can say 'a windy day' or 'a very windy day'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello
Is it correct if we say :I have been knowing him for ages.
or, I have known him for ages

Hello Adill,

The second sentence is correct. For verbs relating to mental functions we generally do not use continuous forms. These include know, remember, forget, understand and think (though think is also used to mean 'consider' and in this use it can be continuous.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,
1.When we ask for someone to write something for the first time(a composition for example) Can we say; As a start you can write a few words describing yourself

2. When we post a weekly diet on the refrigerator for ourselves, and we want to explain that this diet(menu) is something that we are going to cook and not someone else who lives in the house. Can we say ; This is just for me to follow. Is not something that you have to cook.
Is this sentence(expression) correct? or we can say it differently?
Thank you in advanced

Hello anasge,

I think the best ways to express these are as follows:

To start, please write a few words describing yourself.

This is just for me to follow, not something you have to do!

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

 

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