Delexical verbs:
have, take, make, give, go and do

We often use common verbs like have and take with nouns like a shower, a drink:

I took a shower. = I showered.
She had a drink. = She drank something.

We call these delexical verbs because the important part of the meaning is taken out of the verb and put into the noun.

We often put adjectives in front of the noun:

I took a cold shower.
She had a nice, refreshing drink.

The verbs used most frequently in this way are:

have     take     make     give


have

We use have with:

Food and drink: a meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, a cup of tea
Talking: a chat, a conversation, a discussion, a talk
Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash, a scrub
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest
Disagreeing: an argument, a dispute, a fight, a quarrel

I had a good breakfast before I left home.
We had a long talk about the problem.
The kids should have a bath before they go to bed.
She generally had a short holiday in July or August.
They had a serious quarrel about their father’s will.

We also use have with nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should have a look at this.
She had a bite of the cake.
I’m thirsty. I’m going to have a drink of water.
I had a listen to that new CD in the car.
They are going to have a swim.
 

Exercise

take

We use take with:

Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest

I always take a cold shower in the morning.
You look tired. You need to take a break.

and with these words:

care

a turn

trouble

a chance

a decision

care of

turns

the trouble

a risk

a photograph

We took hundreds of photographs on holiday.
Jane always takes a lot of trouble with her homework.

We also use take with some nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should take a look at this.
Let’s take a walk.
They are going to take a swim.

Exercise

Exercise

give

We use give with:

Noises: a cry, a laugh, a scream, a shout, a whistle
Facial expressions: a smile, a grin, a look, a glance
Hitting: a kick, a punch, a slap, a push, a knock, a blow
Affectionate actions: a hug, a kiss, a stroke
Talking: some advice, an answer, some information, an interview,
a lecture, some news, a report, a speech, a talk, a warning

She gave a loud laugh.
John gave a happy smile.
He gave me a nasty kick on the leg.
She gave the children a goodnight kiss and put them to bed.
I have to give a speech at the meeting tomorrow.

 

Exercise

make

We use make with:

Talking and sounds: a comment, an enquiry, a noise, a point,
a promise, a sound, a speech, a suggestion
Plans: arrangements, a choice, a decision, a plan, plans, an appointment, a date

Try not to make a noise.
They made arrangements to meet the next day.

 

Exercise

Exercise

go and do

We also use go and do as delexical verbs:

Shall we go swimming this afternoon? Or shall we go for a walk?
It’s your turn to do the cooking.
I’ll have to do my hair before the party.

go

We use go with –ing verbs for common activities:

We usually go walking at the weekend.
He goes running every evening after supper.
Mum’s out. She’s gone shopping.

We use go for a with verbs to do with moving:

a jog     a ride     a swim     a run     a stroll     a walk

I want to get out of here. Let’s go for a walk.
He’s gone for a ride on his bike.

Exercise

do

We use do the with –ing nouns to do with work, especially work in the house:

It’s your turn to do the cooking.
You do the washing up and I’ll do the drying.

and with other nouns to do with work:

I need to do a few jobs around the house.
I can’t come out this evening. I have a lot of work to do.

We use do with nouns when it is obvious what the action is:

I’ll have to do my hair before we go out. = I’ll have to brush my hair.
Have you done your teeth? = Have you cleaned your teeth?

A question like

Have you done the car?

could mean

Have you washed the car?
Have you mended the car?
Have you put petrol in the car?

depending on the context.

 

Exercise

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello.
Can we use this expression 'make a right' instead of 'turn right'?
And what about 'turn first right' instead of 'take the first turning on the right'?!
Thanks.

Hi Marua,

Yes, 'make a right' is correct and natural. The other two phrases are a bit awkward -- I'd recommend 'take the first right' instead.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi again and thank you for the answer. I've got another question on this topic.
I've heard different expressions, but I'm not sure that they are all correct, especially in writing.
Are these appropriate sentences?
1. 'Do right/go right' on this road.
2. Walk/go on this road.
3. Go straight in front/go straight on.
4. Make a right turn.
*From a pedestrian's point of view, not a driver's. I've heard that there are some differences.
Thank you.

Hi Marua,

We're happy to help you, but please consider that the purpose of our comments section is to provide a place where we can help our users get the most out of the content on our website. In other words, we are happy to help answer questions about the exercises or explanations on these pages, or with occasional questions that are closely related to what is on our pages. Sometimes we even answer other questions, but we can't do this regularly. For that kind of thing, you really need to ask your own teacher, or find one if you do not have one.

So I will answer these questions now, but please consider that are not able to continue answering these kinds of questions every day.

1. 'go right' is correct but 'do right' is not.
2. 'walk on' is correct. 'go on' is not incorrect, but 'go down' is more natural.
3. 'go straight' or 'go straight ahead' are correct.
4. 'make a right turn' or 'turn right' or 'go right' are all common and correct. The first one would be a bit strange directed at a pedestrian.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you for all the answers and I'm really sorry for being too persistent.

Hello,

Can we use "has" to show possession?

For e.g, She has a brother.

Is the above sentence correct?

or "She have a brother" is correct?

Hello amol,

You can check the meaning of 'have' in any dictionary.

The third-person form of 'have' is 'has', so for she we use 'has' rather than 'have'.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello LearnEnglish Team.
Shall I understand
I have a meal.
but
I have lunch.
If yes, so why? 'I have a lunch' would have different meaning/ is archaic/ is uncomm /for some reasons is wrong. In this situation
I have English breakfast.
or
I have an English breakfast.
because I understand it should be always
I have a huge breakfast.
And now to the question than dragged me here in a first place.
I am having a tea.
but never
I am having tea.
Am I right?
(of course we are talking about small amount brewed tea no uncountable amount of dry leaves, so in meaning 'I am drinking now').
Does American-English change here anything?

Hello zakarek,

Generally, we do not use articles with the names of meals. Thus we say

I'm having breakfast.

We're having lunch together tomorrow.

but we also say

I had a meal before I left, so I'm not hungry.

 

However, when we use an adjective to describe the meal we use the indefinite article:

That was a marvellous dinner, wasn't it?

I'm going to have a huge lunch today. I'm starving!

I love an English breakfast.

 

Both '...tea. and '...a tea' are possible but there can be a difference in meaning:

I'm having tea describes the 'meal', so to speak, rather than the beverage. In other words, this describes the tradition of sitting down to have a cup of tea, perhaps with cake, biscuits or a sandwhich, in the afternoon.

You can also say I'm having coffee with him tomorrow, which would refer to a meeting over coffee rather than a particular drink. Tea and coffee are the only words used frequently in this way; with other drinks we use 'a' (I'm having a beer with her tonight).

I'm having a tea describes the choice of drink. You might say this when choosing something from a menu, or when describing your activity on the phone to someone who cannot see what you are drinking.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello dear team,
Nice to meet you here again and ofcourse
Thank you very much for your answers.
But we have problems about "have". This word really contains "problem" with us. We are need help.

Every package have to be returned to the sender.
Or

Every package has to be returned to the sender.

… ..
How many mistakes have the teacher found in the class?
Or
How many mistakes has the teacher found in the class?

Which ones is correct "Have" or "has" ? And why?

Thank you very much team.

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