Determiners and quantifiers

 

General and specific determiners

Determiners are words which come at the beginning of the noun phrase.

They tell us whether the noun phrase is specific or general.

Determiners are either specific or general

Specific determiners:

The specific determiners are:

  • the definite article: the
  • possessives: my, your, his, her, its; our, their, whose
  • demonstratives: this, that, these, those
  • interrogatives: which

We use a specific determiner when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:

Can you pass me the salt please?
Look at those lovely flowers.
Thank you very much for your letter.
Whose coat is this?

General determiners:

The general determiners are:

  • a; an; any; another; other; what

When we are talking about things in general and the listener/reader does not know exactly what we are referring to, we can use a uncount noun or a plural noun with no determiner:

Milk is very good for you. (= uncount noun)
Health and education are very important. (= 2 uncount nouns)
Girls normally do better in school than boys. (= plural nouns with no determiner)

… or you can use a singular noun with the indefinite article a or an:

A woman was lifted to safety by a helicopter.
A man climbing nearby saw the accident.

We use the general determiner any with a singular noun or an uncount noun when we are talking about all of those people or things:

It’s very easy. Any child can do it. (= All children can do it)
With a full licence you are allowed to drive any car.
I like beef, lamb, pork - any meat.

We use the general determiner another to talk about an additional person or thing:

Would you like another glass of wine?

The plural form of another is other:

I spoke to John, Helen and a few other friends.

Quantifiers

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Exercise

Comments

On review, looking at the determiners, I find therein Interrogative determiners. Note its written "Interrogatives: "Which denote plural, However you mentioned just one which is "which". So where does "where'" fall in the determiners? Is it not an interrogative determiner. Do you require to review the plural into singular "determiner"?As for 'what' which is placed under general determiners.

Hello Githuga,

I'm afraid I'm not sure what you mean here, and I can't tell to which part of our explanation you are referring. If you have a query about the grammar information on this page please quote exactly the sentence about which you wish to ask, and state exactly what your query is. We'll be happy to try to explain.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello sir,
sorry,i make small mistake in above question.
my question is '' i can use child ,girls, education, health in the form of both count & uncount noun''.
thank.

Hello yogesh mani tripathi,

As Kirk said, you can find this information by using our Cambridge Dictionaries Online tool. Just type each word into the window and click 'Look it up!' to get information on each word, including whether it is countable or uncountable.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello yogesh,

You can find the answers in the dictionary (see the search box on the lower right). [U] means 'uncount' and [C] means 'count'. Note that some nouns can be used in both ways.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I need your advice to help to speak in a good way. I write well ana iam good in grammar
But i need to speak what shall i do ?

Hello mahamed elkot,

I'd recommend you follow the advice under 'How can I improve my speaking?' on our Help page. Many of our users have told us it worked for them, and I'm sure you can learn a lot from it as well.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I have no friend or I have no friends - which one is correct? and why?

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