The definite article the is the most frequent word in English.

We use the definite article in front of a noun when we believe the hearer/reader knows exactly what we are referring to.

• because there is only one:

The Pope is visiting Russia.
The moon is very bright tonight.
The Shah of Iran was deposed in 1979.

This is why we use the definite article with a superlative adjective:

He is the tallest boy in the class.
It is the oldest building in the town.

• because there is only one in that place or in those surroundings:

 

We live in a small village next to the church.  =  (the church in our village)
Dad, can I borrow the car? = (the car that belongs to our family)
When we stayed at my grandmother’s house we went to the beach every day.  =  (the beach near my grandmother’s house)
Look at the boy in the blue shirt over there.  = (the boy I am pointing at)

 

 
• because we have already mentioned it:

A woman who fell 10 metres from High Peak was lifted to safety by a helicopter. The woman fell while climbing.
The rescue is the latest in a series of incidents on High Peak. In January last year two men walking on the peak were killed in a fall. 

We also use the definite article:

• to say something about all the things referred to by a noun:

The wolf is not really a dangerous animal (= Wolves are not really dangerous animals)
The kangaroo is found only in Australia (= Kangaroos are found only in Australia)
The heart pumps blood around the body. (= Hearts pump blood around bodies)

We use the definite article in this way to talk about musical instruments:

Joe plays the piano really well.(= Joe can play any piano)
She is learning the guitar.(= She is learning to play any guitar)

• to refer to a system or service:

How long does it take on the train?
I heard it on the radio.
You should tell the police.

• With adjectives like rich, poor, elderly, unemployed to talk about groups of people:

Life can be very hard for the poor.
I think the rich should pay more taxes.
She works for a group to help the disabled.

The definite article with names:

We do not normally use the definite article with names:

William Shakespeare wrote Hamlet.
Paris is the capital of France.
Iran is in Asia.

But we do use the definite article with:

countries whose names include words like kingdom, states or republic:

the United Kingdom; the Kingdom of Nepal; the United States; the People’s Republic of China.

countries which have plural nouns as their names:

the Netherlands; the Philippines

geographical features, such as mountain ranges, groups of islands, rivers, seas, oceans and canals:

the Himalayas; the Canaries; the Atlantic; the Atlantic Ocean; the Amazon; the Panama Canal.

newspapers:

The Times; The Washington Post

• well known buildings or works of art:

the Empire State Building; the Taj Mahal; the Mona Lisa; the Sunflowers

organisations:

the United Nations; the Seamen’s Union

hotels, pubs and restaurants*:

the Ritz; the Ritz Hotel; the King’s Head; the Déjà Vu

*Note: We do not use the definite article if the name of the hotel or restaurant is the name of the owner, e.g.,Brown’s; Brown’s Hotel; Morel’s; Morel’s Restaurant, etc.

families:

the Obamas; the Jacksons

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello,
I have just joined the forum and must say the The Learn English team is doing a fabulous job.
I'd like to know when the definite article is omitted before nouns like hospital,school etc.
For example, does a doctor go to hospital or the hospital ?
Looking forward to your reply.
Regards

Dear TheLearnEnglish team,

I'd be grateful if my query related to article usage could be with nouns like hospital, church etc. be answered.

Regards,
Petal

Hello Petal,

Sorry about that! Somehow we lost track of your question. In general, sometimes 'the' is omitted before locations such as 'hospital', 'church' and 'school' (among others) when we are referring not so much to the place as to the activity that is typically done there. So, for example, 'I'm going to church' expresses the idea that I'm going to worship, whereas 'I'm going to the church' expresses the idea that I'm going to the church building (perhaps I'm meeting someone there).

In some cases, another consideration, for example with 'hospital', is that sometimes 'the' is or is not used depending on what variety of English is being spoken – for example, 'in hospital' is used in British English, whereas it is not in American English (where they say 'in the hospital' instead).

All the best (and thanks for your patience!),
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

 

Hello Kirk,

Thank you for the useful answer. Just one more question - if I were a doctor, would I say "I am going to the hospital" to refer to my place of work.
Or should the article before hospital be dropped.

Regards,
Petals

Hello Petals,

That's correct – well done!

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear The LearnEnglish Team,

I have a question about definitive article;

Why we are using "the" for some abbreviation like "the UN" and not using some abbreviation like "NATO"?

Best regards,

Hello akacan,

Both 'NATO' and 'UN' are acronyms, and articles are usually dropped in acronyms, though there are exceptions (such as 'the UN'). Note that these two acronyms are pronounced differently – 'NATO' is pronounced as a word (/ˈneɪ.t̬oʊ/), whereas when we say 'UN' we read the two letters in sequence (/ju en/). This may be the reason 'NATO' is used without 'the' and 'the UN' is.

I hope this helps.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Kirk,

Thanks for useful and quick answer.

Best regards

Hello Peter,

Thanks for useful insight.

Hello,

Rule: hotels, pubs and restaurants*:

the Ritz; the Ritz Hotel; the King’s Head; the Déjà Vu

*Note: We do not use the definite article if the name of the hotel or restaurant is the name of the owner, e.g.,Brown’s; Brown’s Hotel; Morel’s; Morel’s Restaurant, etc.

But exception to this rule (Note mentioned above) is not followed by Oberoi Resorts and Hotels. Oberoi is the name of the hotel owner. But on the hotel website site The Oberoi is written. http://www.oberoihotels.com/hotels-in-morocco-marrakech/

So Oberoi, Marrakech is correct or The Oberoi, Marrakech?

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