Most verbs have past tense and past participle in –ed ( worked, played, listened). But many of the most frequent verbs are irregular:

Base form Past tense Past participle

be
begin
break
bring
buy
build
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
drive
eat
feel
find
get
give
go
have
hear
hold
keep
know
leave
lead
let
lie
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sit
speak
spend
stand
take
teach
tell
think
understand
wear
win
write

was/were
began
broke
brought
bought
built
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
drove
ate
felt
found
got
gave
went
had
heard
held
kept
knew
left
led
let
lay
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sat
spoke
spent
stood
took
taught
told
thought
understood
wore
won
wrote
been
begun
broken
brought
bought
built
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
driven
eaten
felt
found
got
given
gone
had
heard
held
kept
known
left
led
let
lain
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set
sat
spoken
spent
stood
taken
taught
told
thought
understood
worn
won
written

 

 

 

Exercise

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Comments

Thanks for your reply. I have looked up that verb in this page and the result is as you said but I don't know why some other pages have another result: show - showed - showed / shown. Can you explain more? Thanks in advanced, Sir.

Hello again tthaoanh,

The Cambridge Dictionary indicates 'shown' as the past participle and the Oxford Dictionary indicates two possible forms for the past participle: 'showed' and 'shown'. I'd say that 'shown' is more commonly used than 'showed', but that is based on my limited experience – in other parts of the world, or even in other places inside the UK, 'showed' may be more common. I wouldn't worry about it too much if I were you, as you can always point to the Oxford Dictionary if anyone questions you about it!

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi , is that all irregular verbs or there is others ?!

Hello halima ben,

No, that is not a complete list, but it is a list of the most common irregular verbs. If you learn all of these, that will should be enough for most purposes, but if you want a longer list, I'd suggest doing an internet search for 'irregular verbs English' – I'm sure you can find other, longer lists.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

The past participle of get Is gotten .. Why you write got ?

The past participle of get Is gotten .. Why you write got ?

Hello DDef,

'Gotten' is often used in American English, but not in British English. In British English the past participle of 'get' is 'got' (get - got - got). The British Council is a British institution, and so the language we teach is representative of that.

You can hear about some of the differences between British and American English in this video and on this page and this page.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello. Would it be possible to use the word "fetch" in this way, "She fetch her hospital cards from her purse and gave it to the doctor"

Hello Lamastry,

Yes, you can use it that way, though note that it implies that the woman did not have her purse nearby. Also, 'fetch' should be in the simple past and 'it' is not correct – 'them' is the pronoun you need, since it refers to 'her hospital cards' (plural).

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir

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