Count nouns have two forms: singular and plural.

Singular count nouns refer to one person or thing:

a book; a teacher; a wish; an idea

Plural count nouns refer to more than one person or thing:

books; teachers; wishes; ideas

Singular count nouns

Singular count nouns cannot be used alone. They must have a determiner:

the book; that English teacher; a wish; my latest idea

Plural forms

We usually add –s to make a plural noun:

book > books; school > schools; friend > friends

We add -es to nouns ending in –ss; -ch; -s; -sh; -x

class > classes; watch > watches; gas > gases; wish > wishes; box > boxes

When a noun ends in a consonant and -y we make the plural in -ies...

lady > ladies; country > countries; party > parties

…but if a noun ends in a vowel and -y we simply add -s:

boy > boys; day > days; play > plays

Some common nouns have irregular plurals:

Man > men; woman > women; child > children; foot > feet;
person > people

Plural count nouns do not have a determiner when they refer to people or things as a group:

Computers are very expensive.
Do you sell old books?

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

HI team,

1) I think her _CHILD/CHILDREN_______ watch far too much television.

in above case it's unnkown whether she has 1 kid or many how to select the right one.

2) I can hear something in the roof. Have you got ________?
ANS:mouse mice

in above case also it's unnkown whether it's 1 mouse or many how to select the right one.

Thanks in advance.
Abdul

Hi abdulhaqcivil1,

In the first sentence the verb is plural and so the answer must be 'children'. If the answer was 'child' then the verb would be 'watches'.

In the second sentence 'have mice' refers to an infestation, not to having a pet or a single animal. In addition, an article would be required if it was a singular noun: '...a mouse'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk
IT is very much help full for me i want one group to discuss with us and learnt to english if you have any whatsup group so tell am

Hi everyone!
I heard a different pronunciation of the word 'direction'...are both correct?
Thanks in advance

Hello Ilariuccia,

It's hard to say without knowing what they are, but I can say that there are two standard pronunciations of 'direction'. The first syllable can be pronounced either /daɪ/ or /dɪ/.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,

Do we say " He fought bravely at the Battle of Waterloo" or " He fought bravely in the Battle of Waterloo"?

Thanks in advance

Hi zagrus,

You can say either and I do not see any difference in meaning.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi peter is it that "at" refer to a small place or region while "in" refer to big place or region.?Thank you

Hello leeleeho,

I don't think that's a helpful rule, to be honest. You can use 'in' with very small places ('in the box', 'in the drawer' and 'at' with large ones ('at Lake Baikal', 'at Bondi Beach').

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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