There are two tenses in English – past and present.

The past tense in English is used:

  • to talk about the past
  • to talk about hypotheses – things that are imagined rather than true.
  • for politeness.

There are four past tense forms in English:

Tense Form
Past simple: I worked
Past continuous: I was working
Past perfect: I had worked
Past perfect continuous: I had been working

We use these forms:

  • to talk about the past:

He worked at McDonald’s. He had worked there since July..
He was working at McDonald’s. He had been working since July.

  • to refer to the present or future in conditions:

He could get a new job if he really tried.
If Jack was playing they would probably win.

and hypotheses:

It might be dangerous. Suppose they got lost.
I would always help someone who really needed help.

and wishes:

I wish it wasn’t so cold.

  • In conditions, hypotheses and wishes, if we want to talk about the past, we always use the past perfect:

I would have helped him if he had asked.
It was very dangerous, What if you had got lost?
I wish I hadn’t spent so much money last month.

 

  • We can use the past forms to talk about the present in a few polite expressions:

Excuse me, I was wondering if this was the train for York.
I just hoped you would be able to help me.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Sir,
I didn't meet them till a year ago from the time they got married. I mean it was one year ago when I last met them from the time they got married.

Hello SonuKumar,

I think the best ways to express what you are trying to say would be as follows:

The last time I met then was a year after their marriage.

 

You could construct a sentence with since but it would be rather unnatural and hard to follow, so I don't think we would normally use this:

I haven't met them since their first anniversary.

I haven't met them since a year after their marriage.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I didn't meat them till yesterday or a year ago from the time they got married is it a right use of from ?
We don't use 'Since' until we're talking about a point in the past to the moment of speaking right ?

I don't have to face it as much as you do or you have to.
which is right 'you do or you have to' in the sentence above ?

Hi SonuKumar,

Both 'you do' or 'you have to' are fine in that sentence.

Be careful: 'meat' and 'meet' are very different words. I understand 'till yesterday' (and that is correct) but I'm afraid I don't really understand 'a year ago from the time they got married'. Perhaps 'a year after they got married'?

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello!
Could you say, what tense/tenses I should use in these two sentences:
1) He (sit) on the bench for two hours, when he saw a pretty woman;
2) He (sit) on the bench for two hours, and then he saw a pretty woman.
Thanks in advance!

Hello Daniel157,

I'm afraid we don't provide answers for questions like this as we don't want to do users' homework or tests for them. These pages will be helpful to you, I think:

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/talking-about-past

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/perfective-aspect

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/quick-grammar/past-perfect

https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/continuous-aspect

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Peter,
I assure you it's not the case! I just wanted to make sure wheather my professor is right or not. She said in the first sentence I could use Past Perfect Continuous (had been sitting), but in the second – I had to use only Past Simple (sat). Is this right? Is there such a rule? Or I can still use Past Perfect Continuous in the second sentence, since there is "for two hours" which emphasizes the process?
Thank you!

Hello Daniel157,

Context is crucial here. The forms suggested by your teacher are the most likely here and without any context to guide us those are the forms I would choose. The past simple suits the second sentence because the word 'then' indicates a sequence of actions and so we can see the sitting as something unitary and complete, as opposed to an ongoing process. However, it is not impossible to image a context in which other forms would be possible, including perfective and continuous forms. It's very hard to exclude all options in a decontextualised sentence.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there, I am writing an article about my recent trip.

I first wrote "After three hours ride, we arrived at the resort." Then, I want to describe the lobby and its surroundings.
Which one(s) of the followings is(are) proper?

1. The lobby was so beautiful. There are trees around it. And there is pond in front of it.
2. The lobby was so beautiful. There were trees around it. And there was pond in front of it.
3. The lobby is so beautiful. There are trees around it. And there is pond in front of it.

Thank you for your comments.

regards,

MTeng06

Hello MTeng06,

I would encourage you to try to meet with your teacher to get some help with these kinds of questions, but I would choose the second one because it's in the past tense. Your first sentence uses the past and so I would recommend continuing with the past.

By the way, a lobby is an indoor space, so it's a bit strange to mention trees and a pond near it. I would recommend using the word 'entrance' or something similar instead.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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