We use a noun with ’s with a singular noun to show possession:

We are having a party at John’s house.
Michael drove his friend’s car.

We use s’ with a plural noun ending in -s:

This is my parents’ house.
Those are ladies’ shoes.

But we use ’s with other plural nouns:

These are men’s shoes.
Children’s clothes are very expensive.

We can use a possessive instead of a noun phrase to avoid repeating words:

 

Is that John’s car?   No, it’s Mary’s [car]. > No, it’s Mary’s.
Whose coat is this?   It’s my wife’s [coat]. > It’s my wife’s.

 

Exercise

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Comments

one's wit's end
Or
One's wits' end
Which is right in grammar??

Hello Rahul lamba,

'wits' is a plural noun and 'one' is singular, so 'one's wits' end' is the correct form.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Kirk
what about if the noun ends with s, can we add 's or ' only
Thank you

Hi Adiliii,

When a noun ends in s we have two options: s' or s's

I went to James' wedding.

or

I went to James's wedding.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

What to do when you have a long noun phrase, especially the one that contains apposition, which part of it should indicate possession? Is it "his son's John's car" or "his son John's car"?

Hello ivy07,

The second option is the correct one here: 'his son John's car'.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

I am looking for the correct spelling for the following and how the word Gent's with the apostrophe should be spelt when referring to selling a product:
Should it be Ladies' and Gent's watch or Ladies' and Gents' watch

Hello identityinc,

The word here is short for gentleman/gentlemen: gent and gents, respectively. In your example you are using the plural form and so it should be:

Ladies' and gents' watches

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Do you want the ladies and gents to be singular or plural?

Lady's and Gent's [or Gentleman's] watch
or
Ladies' and Gents' [or Gentlemen's] watches

why when we say " That's my friend's house" it means only one person live in that house
Best wishes

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