This possessives page brings together information about

  • possessive nouns
  • possessive adjectives
  • possessive pronouns
  • questions
  • reciprocal pronouns  




Sir, I often get confused between adjective and verb. Adjective and Verb both implying the action of noun. So how you identify this is adjective or verb?

Hello The_Unknown,

An adjective tells you more about a noun, i.e. a person, place or thing, but it doesn't necessarily imply action. For example, 'That monkey is old.' 'old' tells us what the monkey is like. A verb describes something a noun does or the condition of the noun, e.g. 'That old monkey is eating a mango'. 'is eating' describes an action. 

You might want to do an internet search for 'difference between adjectives and verbs' – I'm sure you'll find lots of useful explanations that will help you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

are these sentences right
1. the room was got painted by him.
2. the clothes were got washed by me.
please tell me.

Hello again Afia shakir khan,

When using 'get' in the passive, it replaces 'be'. So, for example, 1 could be either 'The room was painted' or 'The room got painted', but not 'The room was got painted'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Dear sirs,

I would like to thank you in advance for you help.
I would be most grateful if you can clear my confusion regarding possessive nouns. The general rule is to add " 's " at the end of the singular nouns to show possession e.g. Adam's car. However, does the same rule apply for objects such as companies? At work and when I read books, sometimes I come objects that contain " 's" to show possession while other times they do not. For example, can we say the company car or the company's car? Alternatively, if we are referring to a specific company e.g. Google, should we write "Google employees or Google's employees"?

Furthermore, are the two following sentences grammatically correct? 1- This document is Amazon board of director meeting minutes or 2- This document is Amazon's board of director meeting's minutes?


Hello English-wonder,

You are correct that we use 's to create a possessive form, and this is true for company names as much as any other noun:

Google's employees have good working conditions.

Ford's cars are very popular.

However, we can also use company names as adjectives:

Google employees have good working conditions.

Ford cars are very popular.

In certain contexts the adjective is the normal choice.

In the sentence you quote we would be most likely to use the company name as an adjective:

This document is the Amazon board of directors' meeting's minutes.

However, the style is poor here because there are too many 's in a row before the noun. A better style would be:

This document is the minutes of the Amazon's board of directors' meeting.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi how does it work for two singular names created a group? E.g. Maria and Johns car....I'm tempted to put john's but if it's more than one person is it Maria and Johns' ?

Hello Annedy,

Just one apostrophe in the normal position is needed in a case like this: 'Maria and John's car' (or 'John and Maria's car'). If each of them had a different car, then you could say 'Maria's and John's cars', but that is not what you mean as far as I understand.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


"In this Gallery, visitors can enjoy a remarkable art collection including world-famous Impressionist and Post Impressionist masterpieces."

In this sentence, would it be possible to put "Impressionist's masterpieces"?

Hello toto0119,

No, while that would be perfectly intelligible, it would not be correct. 'Impressionist' is a noun, but is used like an adjective here. This is common with other nouns (e.g. 'milk jug', 'fish tank') and something that you just have to check in dictionaries or example texts to see how they are used.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team