Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




Thanks, it's very helpful for me to develop my skill.


Hello there,

My pregnant wife and I are wondering of what should we use as pronoun when referring to our baby as we still do not know is it a boy or girl?

Could you with that, please?


Hello Sultan,

The most common word would be 'it' for this situation:


When the baby is born it will sleep in our bedroom with us, of course.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot, Sir

it really helps, is there any steps of basic topics need to go through before getting into this topic for better understanding . webpage auomatically starts here.

Thanks & Regards,

Hello abdulhaqcivil1,

The topics in this English Grammar section are organised by categories, not in a sequence that is recommended for learning them. This doesn't mean you can't work through each topic in the order they are presented here -- it just means that it might not be the most useful way to do it. I'm afraid we can't really make any recommendation on what sequence to follow, as this depends on your background and strengths and weaknesses, which of course we don't know.

I'd suggest you look through the different topics and choose ones that interest you. You could also use one of the sections in Listen & Watch to see how people use English to communicate, and then when there is some grammar you want to learn more about, you can look for it here. Or if you can't find it here, you are welcome to ask us for help in finding more information about it.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team


English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late. > She is late.

In the following sentence no subject, explain?

Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.

i maybe wrong help me out

Hello abdulhaqcivil1,

The verb in those sentences is in the imperative form. You can find information about this on this page.

The imperative has an implied subject ('you') which is not usually stated. However, it can be included for extra emphasis, often with inversion:

Don't touch these! [imperative - implied/not stated subject]

Don't you touch these! [subject included for added emphasis]

You don't touch these! [subject included for added emphasis]


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

It seems easy, but sometimes we confuse object pronouns. Great exercise!