Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




I made some improvement in the test, but i have a question
Is "Someone" consider as a plural ?
Thank You

thank you for your good information about learning English. But I can't find a answer for a question that is why we must use capital "I" everywhere but this rule is not needed for other subject as he or she? I hope you answer my question.
thank you

Hello Ehsan,

I don't think there is a reason for this. It's simply a question of convention which has developed over thousands of years. I agree it is quite inconsistent, but that's simply the way it is.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hi there,
All it's pass good, so some mistake I am really excited to go far.
thank you very much,
Mero 1.2.3 viva l'algerie.

Hi Educators,
I am confused with the answer in the exercise question:
"Where do you want these bags? Shall I put _______ over here?"
The answer is THEM.

Based on notes, "they/them" will be used when we can't tell if it is a male or female. In the question above, the speaker is asking if the speaker can put the bags over here. Since the bag is not a person, why use "them"? Isn't it better to use "it" instead of 'them"?

Kindly explain please.

Thank you

Hi MeshBC,

For singular nouns we use 'he' or 'she' for people and 'it' for things, as you say. For plural nouns we have only one pronoun ('they') and we use it for both people and things.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Oh yeah I see. You are right. I didn't considered that fact.
It's clear to me now.
Thank you Peter M :)

hi dear
I want learning english and very try can you help me for this problem i love speak english

Hello rfn1979,

It's great that you are so motivated – this will be a great help! There's some advice on how to use our site and where to begin on our Getting started and Frequently asked questions pages. If you're still not sure what to do after reading them, please feel free to ask for more advice.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

hello kirk
hope all i well
i confuse the words that go after verbs what called
thank you