Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




Hello Mr.Kirk,
Thanks for your reply and guidance.
With best regards,


We were taught in our schools and colleges that we should write the word 'I',the first person singular pronoun in capital letter irrespective of where it comes in a sentence, but we weren't told the reason for this.Can you please tell me what is the reason for this?
Thanks in advance.

With beat regards,

Hello Ravikumar,

There is an article in the The New York Times that explains this in detail, and I'm sure there are other sources that explain it as well. In summary, when the Old and Middle English pronoun 'ic' or 'ich' (which meant 'I') transformed into 'i', it gradually transformed into 'I' for typographical reasons. Like so much else (if not everything) in language, it is simply a convention.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

My score is very good !!! So happy !!! Well, I have a question what about this sentence "I still believe someday YOU AND ME will find ourselves in love again" please explain it to me why use "YOU AND ME" not "YOU AND I" Thanks a lot. Love From Indonesia.

Hello Nuruddin,

'You and I' is the correct form here, as 'you and I' are the subject of the verb 'will find ourselves', though sometimes people say 'you and me' instead (and it is accepted especially in informal speech). Please note that sometimes 'you and I' is used as an alternative to 'you and me' when they are used as an object of a verb, e.g. 'The teacher is speaking to you and me (or 'you and I'), even though 'you and me' really makes more sense grammatically.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Oh I have it now :-) Thanks a lot !!! I got it from Mariah Carey's song called "I Still Believe" ;-)

Hi, isn't there a mistake in answer to question 12? "Have you talked to a lawyer?
They can tell you your rights." - a lawyer => he can tell...

Hello santara,

When we do not know if the person is a man or a woman we can say 'he or she', 'he/she' or 'they'. Generally, 'they' is considered a more elegant option. When we use 'they' it is followed by a plural verb.

This is actually an old use of 'they' in English, dating back to the fourteenth century at least - you can find examples of it in Chaucer and, later, in Shakespeare.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, I'm back again I had a problem with online dictionary of Exford , and I tried to download some of them but they are not accessable with screen reader . And for the exercise how can I know my mestakes to correct them for me I get 87