personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



in the sentence " ... have you talked to a lawyer ... " the correct pronoun it would not be "he" ?

Hello Luiz,

This question has been asked before - look through the older comments to find the answer. Basically, as it's is not clear whether the lawyer is a man or woman we use they/them. This is one of the grammar rules on this page.

Best wishes,

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, in the example above, "Can you help me please?" Instead, can I say, "Can you please help me?. Appreciate if you can advise the difference between the two sentences. Thank you

Hi osfen111,

The sentences mean the same and are both correct. You could also put 'please' at the beginning of the sentence:

'Please, can you help me?'

I don't think there is any difference between the meanings of the different sentences. Some might say that the second of your sentences is more insistent or stronger, but I think intonation and stress is far more important than word order in this regard.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

I don't understand the grammar in this sentence " Shanghai police say those arrested include the head of the Husi Food Company and its quality manager" Why does two of verb "arrested and include" stand side by side
Tks so much

Hi linhchicago,

The word 'arrested' here is actually part of a reduce relative clause. You can think of the sentence this way:

Shanghai police say those [who were] arrested include the head of the Husi Food Company and its quality manager.

It's quite common in English to reduce the relative clause like this. If the verb is passive, as in this instance, then we use a past participle; if the verb is active, then we use a present participle:

Shanghai police say those [who are] facing trial include the head of the Husi Food Company and its quality manager.

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish

Allo matey, I have a problem with tenth quetions. I have used "It"m and "Them", but didn't work and still wrong. Can u help me, please?

Hello Renaldi,

It seems to be working fine to me. Remember that the answers are case-sensitive, so if you write 'Them' instead of 'them' then it will not be accepted.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

i use this part for first time. it is good. i wanna practice in this method .