personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



I believe through this web my English will be improved.

Hello Sir,
I have doubt with usage of "them/they" when we don't know whether the person is a man or a woman. What would happen to the verb in this case. For example, please consider these sentences:

a) His teacher is very good. They help him a lot.
b) His teacher is very good. They helps him a lot.

Which one's correct, please?

Also, I have seen that some specific verbs are used with some other words: like MAKE a payment, COOK dinner, MAKE a phone call, DO some sightseeing, etc. Is it possible to learn such stuff somehow?

I know this is asking a lot but I need help here. Thanking you in anticipation.

Hello Adtygrwl,

Of the two sentences, a) is grammatically correct, because even though 'they' refers to one person, it requires a plural verb. By the way, this particular sentence strikes me as a bit odd, perhaps because if I know this teacher well enough to know that the teacher is good, I probably would also know whether the teacher is a man or woman.

In general, 'make' implies the creation of something more than 'do', but there are many exceptions to this general rule - still it might help you sometimes. Other than that, I'm afraid I don't know of any easy rule that will help you choose such verbs.  I'd suggest making a list of them that you can study and refer to. Not only will this be a useful reference for you, but just the act of recording the verbs and expressions there will help you remember them.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

I am very happy with this website, thank you. I hope, I can quickly improve my English with ih. Thank you aga

Hi everybody, this is the good website for my study English. I wanna improve my English skills soon as possible so that prepare for the IELTS exam that will be conducted in July 2015, so I gonna come here to study more times.


So I just watched Modern Family season 6 episode 5 and there was this dialogue:

Cam: "We're not saying you're any worse than her."
Ms. Plank: "'she.'"
Cam: "Ma'am?"
Ms. Plank: "'than she', that's proper English. It's too bad Lily won't learn it."

Would you kindly explain Ms. Plank's statement? Because from what I'd been taught, I'd also use 'her' like Cam did. I didn't know that it was actually wrong/improper.

Thank you. :)

Hope you have got it by now, if not and for those who still wondering the same thing:

When Cam said, "We're not saying you're any worse than her.", she actually meant, "We're not saying you're any worse than she is."

On the other hand, "We're not saying you're any worse than her is". <-- This sentence is weird.

"Than" is easy to use in this case as it makes much sense in incomplete sentences, like, You make more money than her. (Question: more money than her what?)

It is incorrect as sentence should have been, You make more money than she does. (Meaning: she makes money, you make more.)

Than is fine in the case: You make more money than 150K.

Hello iamanubhavsaini,

Please see my response below - what Cam said is perfectly correct, though it's also true that one could say '...worse than she is.'

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Kiki Rizky Agustina,

We generally limit our focus to the materials found on LearnEnglish, but I'll answer your question. The form that is generally considered standard, as you say, is indeed 'than her'. 'than she' is used in a very formal style, but this style is quite uncommon nowadays and so I wouldn't recommend using it.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

It's good to start the basic.