personal pronouns

 
Topic
Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Comments

Hello Nowroz Rahman,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! You can find this information, and many tips and suggestions on learning in general, on our Help page.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello aga rizki giovani,

Welcome to LearnEnglish! We don't correct users' posts and comments here - we have hundreds every day so it would not be possible to do this. We can help with specific questions, however. To start, I suggest you try our Help page, which has some great advice for getting started. You could then try Elementary Podcasts Series Three, which is designed for elementary level learners.

Best wishes and good luck,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, everyone!

I've got a problem with gender in Englilsh. Is the sentence 'The child is eating its dinner' correct? Is it possible to say 'The child is eating his/her dinner' too?

Best regards,
Daniel

Hi Daniel,

The sentence with 'its' is also possible, and I'm sure you could find the second one (with 'his/her'), especially in writing. Another, probably more common alternative is the same sentence with 'their' instead of 'its'. As it says on this page, When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use 'they/them' - 'they' and its various forms have become quite common as a pronoun for both singular and plural nouns whose gender is unknown or unspecified. 

If the gender of the child being talked about is known, your second sentence, using just 'his' or 'her' as appropriate, would also be correct.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello this is my first day can you tell me about grammar
And the different b/t need and want

Hello Hermon,

'Need' and 'want' are both followed by [to + infinitive]. 'Want' describes an emotion: something we desire. 'Need' describes a requirement: something we must have for some reason. However, in some contexts both verbs are possible and the meanings can overlap or be used as alternatives; context is crucial.

Your question about grammar is rather too broad for me to answer! You can find some advice about learning, including about grammar, on our Help page, and you can use the grammar sections to look up, learn about and practise particular elements of the system. If you have any specific questions then you can ask them in the comments section of a relevant page and we'll be happy to try to answer them for you.

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

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