personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Thanks that's great.
But I don't understand when i should use "they" for unknown gender of person and not to use "he" or "she" ?

Hello malsayed,

If you know it is a man, use 'he'. If you know it is a woman, use 'she'. If you don't know then you can use either 'they' or 'he/she', and which you choose is a question of personal style. 'They' is more popular as 'he/she' is rather clumsy when used repeatedly in a text.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


Hi teacher,

I dont see any grammar of the tenses here. Pls send me the link

Thanks so much

Hi KimToi,

If you go into the English Grammar section you'll see a link to verbs. From there use the links on the right to look at particular forms. Note that there are sub-sections as well, so if you click on past tense you'll see links to past simple, past continous and past perfect.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

As per many authors, when we are not sure as to the gender of one person, we use masculine gender (he) and not 'they'.
So Sir, also because that person is singular and 'they' is plural pronoun, can we use 'it'? Now what should I follow and why?

Hello Darshan Sheth,

The use of 'they' to mean 'he or she' is actually quite old. We can find examples in Shakespeare and even Chaucer. Language changes all the time and the accepted use today is to use either 'they' or 'he or she' when the gender of the person is not known. Like all linguistic changes it has happened for many reasons but it is not a new use by any means.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team