personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hello Peter,

Have you talked to a lawyer, They can tell you your rights?
I was wondering why it is the pronoun "they" used in the sentence. I used He or she as I referred to " a lawyer" as a singular noun
can you explain please

Hello Crystal.82,

We can use 'they' ('their', 'them' etc) to mean one person when we do not know if it is a man or a woman, or if we do not want to tell anyone if it is a man or a woman. The verb after this always has a plural form, even though we are talking about one person.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Can you explain to me please which one is the subject in this clauses:
"Talk to a friend.Ask them to help you." It's about the imperative clauses?

Thank you very much

Hello corina pana,

The imperative form of the verb has no subject. It is used to give an order, command, request (amongst friends) or strong advice.

Although there is no subject, there is an implied subject, which is 'you', as we can see if you include a question tag:

Talk to a friend, will you?

I hope that clarifies it for you.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team


In my native language we have pronouns to refer elder and respected person. By chance, does English provides this facility?

Thanks in advance

Hello Sachin Hadke,

In English there is no particular pronoun for this in most contexts. Respect and politeness is conveyed through intonation, body language and facial expression. Sometimes in restaurants or similar settings the waiter will use 'Sir' or 'Madam' effectively as a pronoun (e.g. 'Would Sir like to see the menu now?'), but this is quite rare and only occurs in these limited contexts.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir
I'm still lack in English. But I want to learn more, so I will be able to advance. And I have no idea what is the difference of British English and American English. Honestly, I prefer to learn British English than American English. Please help me.

By the way, I read the admin's comment. And it seems like its always closed by "Best Wishes".
what is it mean, and when do we use it?

Hello Sihabuddin,

There's a wide variety of content here and some great resources. I would suggest that you browse the site to see the options you have, and then just begin working on whatever section you find most useful or interesting.

If you want to practice your speaking in particular, the most important thing to do is speak. Perhaps you can find a conversation group or speak with a colleague or friend who is also learning English. You can also use the transcripts of our audio and video materials (see for example, Big City Small World, Word on the Street, and the How to videos) as models that you can imitate to learn new expressions and improve your pronunciation. Talking to yourself may feel strange at first, but it can really help you develop fluency and build your confidence.

You can find 'best wishes' in our dictionary (see the search box on the right), though please note it is also used with people we don't know well.

Good luck!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team


I have copy and pasted the below sentences from examples of They/Them

Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Here you mentioned "Talk to a friend" which means its singular form, next sentence is "Ask them to help you" --its plural form (them means --more friends)

same like
You could go to a doctor. They might help you. (a doctor -singular form) (They - plural word)

Please clarify.