Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




in this sentence :
Where do you want these bags? Shall I put it Incorrect over her
Explain please wy.

Hello candidamor,

In this sentence the noun 'bags' is plural and so you need to use a plural pronoun: 'them' and not 'it', which is singular.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

u said they would be used when a person is unknown but what if unknown person is singular?

Hello again flavia,

'they' can refer to a single person when the gender of that person is not known. See the example sentences and exercise for some examples of how 'they' is used in this way.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Which is correct, "I lay me down", or I lay myself down"?

Hello angeb,

Although I expect you can find different takes on this on the internet if you search for this topic, I'd say that both are correct. 'lay myself', which uses the reflexive pronoun 'myself' is more standard, but that phrase is, as far as I know, derived from a poem, in which I expect 'lay me down' worked better for the meter, so I'd not say it's incorrect to use 'me'. Though it would perhaps be a bit unusual.

Actually, using either one is probably a bit unusual. You might just want to avoid the issue altogether by saying 'I lie down' ('lay' is the past simple of 'lie', as well as a verb with a different meaning, but I think you mean the present here).

And now I lay this answer down to rest.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

pronoun is used in place of noun or noun phrase
but can you give me an example for "I"
john came here by bus but HE went on foot

like that can you replace pronoun "I"

Hello raj jk,

That's a good point! As far as I know, there is no way to do this in the same way as your example sentence. But 'I' can be used to speak about oneself instead of using a name, though of course if we use our name, we'd use a third-person verb. In any case, I'd still say 'I' is a pronoun.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Oh thanks I'm interesting about Cambridge tkt that's why I make lot of trouble you
British council provides it our country I hope to get it
however I care about IElLTS which one the most suitable for me ?
to be a university student and a part time English teacher

Hello raj jk,

The IELTS is a more general test, and perhaps both would be useful (IELTS for studying at university and the TKT for a teaching career), but I'm afraid I'm not familiar enough with Sri Lanka to be able to confidently advise you on that. You might want to try to get more specific information and advice from someone at the British Council in Sri Lanka.

I'm not familiar with resources for preparing for the TKT, but I imagine if you do an internet search for 'prepare TKT', you'll find something. TakeIELTS is a great source for information on the IELTS and advice and resources to prepare for it.

I hope this helps you.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team