personal pronouns

 
Topic
Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Comments

In this page above you mentioned Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you."
Can u please explain for whome we need to use "they and them".
Thanks in advance.
Joshua

Hello jprafulla,

As it says just above those example sentences, 'When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them'. It's just this use of 'they' and 'them' that we see in both the sentence about getting help from a friend (friends can be male and female) and in the sentence about doctors, who can also be male and female.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

very nice exersice for the first lesson i think will give me more power to discover all remaining lessons

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