Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




Hi, Teachers.
Could you explain me if is the words THEIR and THERE has a same sound.
I really appreciate LearnEnghlish
All the best,

Hello Irapuan,

Yes, they are pronounced the same. By the way, you can check this kind of thing yourself in the dictionary: see the entries for 'their' and 'there'. At the top of the page they are in phonetic transcription, and if you click on the little red symbol next to UK, you can hear them as well.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir could you pleasse explain me the meaning of this sentence 'where do you want these blinds?' It means from where you get these blinds or what you want where I put these blinds?

Hi sun,

It means 'where shall I put these blinds'. It might help to think of it as a short form of 'Where do you want (me to put) these blinds?'

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

What is the dummy subject ?

Hello medmomo,

At the top right of each page you can find the search icon - it looks like a magnifying glass. Click on this to see the search window and then type in the phrase you want to look up ('dummy subject'). You will find all the pages which refer to that. For example, here are the pages which explain 'dummy subject'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Sir ;
What is the English clauses ?

Hello medmomo,

You can find information on the different types of clause in English here.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hi i need help for this sentense.
I invited the Davids to come here.its real sentense?

Hello Saiddor,

When we talk about a family we can use their surname in a plural form to mean the family as a whole (or a married couple). Thus, if you want to invite Mr and Mrs David then it would be fine to say this. No apostrophe is used in this form.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team