personal pronouns

 
Topic
Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Comments

I have completed my first exercise of pronouns. I got 100% and I hope that I will continue in the same way.

can not speak or read English and this method is very difficult for me. I would like to start learning the inicio.thanks

Hello Ana Fuzzo,

I would recommend you start with Elementary Podcasts Series Three. This should be a good level for you. Remember that you can use the transcript to help you follow as you listen. Work through the episodes, and remember that you can use the transcript to help you, or to read and listen at the same time after you have done the exercises.

Be sure to take some time to explore the site. Use the links at the top of the page to go to different sections and see what kinds of materials are available. Get a feel for the level of difficulty of different sections so you can see what will be most useful to you at the moment.

As you work, try to keep a vocabulary notebook where you can store new words and phrases that you find and learn. Organise it by topic ('work', 'family', 'food' etc) and add words and phrases to it as you go through the material. Test yourself regularly to see if you remember the words.

Finally, try to find time to practise English during your regular day. Perhaps you have a friend who is also learning English, with whom you can practise speaking, or perhaps you can practise by yourself, just speaking English when you are alone at home or at work. This kind of practice is great for developing fluency in speaking, so that when you need to use English in the 'real' world you are ready and confident.

I hope those suggestions are helpful.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter,
I like and am taking the suggestion on organise new words by work, family, places, etc. Metodolgy issues overwhelm me and I find truly helpful your note :-)

Thanks,
William

Hi Sir, Today I have practiced the pronoun session . Is my sentence is correct?

I am little bit confusing about Have. Where to use Have & Has

Hello knk_83,

Your sentence is grammatically correct, though I'd suggest you look up 'session' in the dictionary - there's a handy search box on the lower right side of this page.

'has' is used with the subjects 'he', 'she' and 'it', and 'have' is used with all other subjects. Note that 'have' is also the infinitive form, and that 'have' is also used as an auxiliary verb in perfect tenses, e.g. the present perfect.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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