personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hi, everybody
I don't have flash for to view this media I haven't computer I have tablet please help me thank you.
Sorry I'm new user

Hi nanas,

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Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi Peter M,

I'd recently asked you about the droping of articles in sentences and you asked me to come up with an example sentence.

This is a headline of an article in a newspaper

Nearly 700 migrants may have died in two recent shipwrecks off the coast of Libya, the International Organisation for Migration said Monday.

Could you explain me why "the" is dropped (shoudn't it be "died in the two recent shipwrecks)
and again why ON is dropped (shoudn't it be migration said on monday)

thanks :)

Can you give us an example about the -dummy subjet- ?

Hello sari55,

You can find information on dummy subjects, plus examples and an exercise, on this page.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team