Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them





Why do we use "have" (plural aux verb) after singular pronoun "I" rather than "has" (used for other singular pronouns like he, she ,it)

Hello amol,

In English in the simple present we have two forms. One form is used for the third-person singular (he, she, it) and the other form is used for all other persons (I, you, we, they). Thus, 'has' is used only for the third person.

You can read more about this on this page.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Hello every one
Please could i use they to refere to he or she if I don't know the sex girl or boy.

Hello amjrose,

Yes, 'they' is a good choice for most contexts when you are unsure the person is male or female. You can see a few example sentences above where 'they' is used this way, e.g. 'Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.'

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Superb ! I got all the answers right !

I have answered all questions and my feedback was for 13/15 but I do not see which are wrong. Could you explain me? Thanks

I'm Sally and this is Ron, my husband. We live near Newcastle. true......
I'm Sally and this is Ron, my husband. we live near Newcastle. rong....

I think your mistake will be capital letters for some answers