Topic
Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:

 

Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.

 

Warning

Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.

 

 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

" I'm Sally and this is Ron, my husband. (he) live near Newcastle. " in the exercise sentence.
The verb 'live' should be 'lives' for singular subjects, shouldn't it?

Hello loai,

The first sentence tells us that Sally is talking about two people: herself and her husband Ron. Therefore a plural pronoun is used: 'we', meaning 'Ron and I'.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

No, it's just the opposite: We live near Newcastle. He lives near Newcastle. We lived near Newcastle; He lived near Newcastle. He used to live Newcastle sounds even better I think

Correct Answer : Have you talked to a lawyer? They can tell you your rights.
its a confusion for me Lawyer is a singular why we are using "They", we can use "He or She" as well

Yes that was a tricky one for me as well. Two things: To be gender neutral you use always they. And the second and more important reason: you don't know what gender an lawyer has when you speak about lawyers in general terms, don't you agree?

Hi, Because here we dont know, whether the lawyer is male or feamle , that why we are using they here.

Hello jawadrehman,

When we do not know the gender of the person we can say 'he/she' (followed by a singular verb) but it is more common in modern English to say 'they' (followed by a plural verb). For example:

There is a new doctor at the clinic.

Oh really, what are they like?

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much Peter for your excellent explanation. Yes there is a lot going on to speak and write in gender neutral ways. In the television series 'The Bridge' part 3 the main character Sarah is even speaking about new Swedish words when a gender related use of a word is not clear.

Thank you Peter I was also confused about that

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