Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




i ignored the capitals other wise i would have gotten full %

I'm Mostafa from Cairo , Of course exercises are very helpful, but I do not know whether to start listening or reading or grammar lessons, is there to advise me?

Hello Mostafa,

You're welcome to use LearnEnglish however you wish, but I'd recommend you try Elementary Podcasts. Each podcast provides you with listening practice, practical English, information on vocabulary and grammar, as well as lots of exercises. You are also able to follow the story of different participants and learn a bit about British culture. And if you don't like it, you can always try a different section.

Let us know how you get on with it!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I just tried to answer that question, and how the capitals letter is so significant.. i just ignored it. and i have lower scored..

Where do you want these bags? Shall I put them over here?
Why not Where do you want these bags? Shall I put it over here?
We are talking about things, wright?

Hello renatoherculano,

The noun 'bags' is a plural form - it refers to more than one bag. If we were talking about one bag then we would say 'it' but for more than one we must say 'them'. 'Them' is used for both people and things.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

I tried to answer that test, suddenly, I got low scored. anyone can tell how to show my mistake?

Hello kz1995,

After you click 'Finish' you can use the 'Show answers' button to see the correct answers. Click it once to see the correct answer and click it again to hide the correct answers and see your answer again.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Good lesson. I learnt some tricks.


My aunt's coming to stay next week. I hope her brings me a present. Why "her" is wrong? Isn't it as the object of the verb "hope"?

Thank you!