personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them



Hello to Everyone!

I love this webside! Thanks for doing it!

Today I stuck with the ... "motorboat". I know about the ship we have to say "she". - John bougth new ship. She is wondrful!!
What about : John bought new motorboat! She? it? is wonderful!
+ ......... new yacht . She or it???

Many thanks!

Hello Muszkatel,

Thanks for your feedback - it's always great to hear that people find LearnEnglish useful!

"she" is often used to refer to any kind of ship, though you can also use "it". It doesn't matter whether it's a small rowboat, a cruise ship or a motorboat - you have the same two options ("she" and "it") for all of them.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot for the answar! :)But what would you recommend to use in a formal letter about the motorboat to the potential customer? e.g.
" .. model XYZ is no longer in the offer but I can recommend you the ABC model. "She" / "it" is very similar to XYZ. You can see few pictures of "her" on our webside...... "
:) :)

Have a good day!! Thanks !

Hello Muszkatel,

Using she or her to refer to a vessel implies that you have some kind of affection for it, and might sound strange in a formal letter. I think I'd recommend that you use it in such a case.

By the way, I'd recommend you use a spell checker (just do an internet search for "free spell checker") before you print the letter!

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team

hii, i'm new here, my name Hendrik , i'm from in Indonesia, first time my answer correct 13 % , my english skill really bad :(

hai guru

is it my english is enough good ?? or still bad ??
i'm Satria from Indonesia. it's really nice to join study english here nice to meet you all

Hello Satria Danu Wibowo,

Welcome to LearnEnglish!  I'm afraid I don't really have any way to say how good your English is, but I can say that if you study hard and regularly then it will improve.

Best wishes,



The LearnEnglish Team