personal pronouns

Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them


We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




In the sentence: Where do you want these bags? Shall I put THEM over here?
I understand that them refers to a people not objects. I inicially thought in it

Hello quique soriano,

The pronoun 'they' ('them', 'their' and 'theirs') can be used for both objects and people.

Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks u it is very helpfull. I understood when we use they/them

Dear sir, in this sentence, " You could go to a doctor. They might help you." what 'could' is referring to ? And where we can use 'could' in a sentence? Thank you!

Hello Devixox,

You can find an explantion of 'could' under the modal verbs category of the Verbs section of this English Grammar.

Best wishes,
The LearnEnglish Team