Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




In this sentence:

Have you talked to a lawyer? They can tell you your rights.

Why used They?, maybe because the question don´t have any specification for male o female, could you explain more please?


You can see the answer to your question on the page. Just look a little lower down to see my answer to vicky.victor.

When you have a question it's a good idea to check the comments section before you post it as often someone else has already asked the same question.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

When we need use "it"?

Hello Hatem. Morssy,

We use 'it' to refer to anything which is not a person: an animal, a building, a car etc.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
Sir, in my Opinion, it should be Talk to a friend. Ask him to help you.
I think them is for plural

Hello vicky.victor,

In English when we do not know if the person is a man or a woman we have two choices. We can use he/she [him/her etc] or we can use they [them etc]. The most common choice is the latter. For example:

You have a new teacher, don't you? What are they like?

Oh, very nice. Her name is Sue.

The first speaker does not know if the teacher is a man or a woman and so uses 'they' even though it is one person. The second person knows it is a woman and so uses 'she'. After this they both know that it is a woman and so both will use 'she'.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, can u enlighten me about clauses with no subjects by giving examples and how to use it or there also.

Hello yaman2709,

We'd be happy to help you with specific questions about specific sentences, but I'm afraid we don't provide the service of answering such general questions. For that kind of attention, I'd encourage you to look into a British Council course. Or, you're welcome to ask us a more specific question.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Wow, I learned some new thing in English. Thanks to them who written the content.