Pronouns - personal pronouns (I, me, you etc)

Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

We have both subject and object pronouns:


Subject Object
I me
you you
he him
she her
it it
we us
you you
they them











We use he/him to refer to men, and she/her to refer to women. When we are not sure if we are talking about a man or a woman we use they/them.

This is Jack. He’s my brother. I don’t think you have met him.
This is Angela. She’s my sister. Have you met her before?
Talk to a friend. Ask them to help you.
You could go to a doctor. They might help you.

Subject pronouns

We use subject pronouns as subject of the verb:

I like your dress.
You are late.
He is my friend
It is raining
She is on holiday
We live in England.
They come from London.



Remember: English clauses always have a subject:

His father has just retired. Was a teacher. > He was a teacher.
I’m waiting for my wife. Is late.  > She is late.

If there is no other subject we use it or there. We call this a dummy subject.


 Object pronouns

 We use object pronouns:

• as the object of the verb:

Can you help me please?
I can see you.
She doesn’t like him.
I saw her in town today.
We saw them in town yesterday, but they didn’t see us.

• after prepositions:

She is waiting for me.
I’ll get it for you.
Give it to him.
Why are you looking at her?
Don’t take it from us.
I’ll speak to them




In the phrase " Where do you want these bags?" Shall I put ...(them) over here?
Why is it used "them" if de word "bags" is a object?
It is no correct : " Shall I put it over here?"

Hello Jorge,

'them' is for plural objects (such as 'bags') and 'it' is for singular objects (such as 'bag'), therefore 'it' is not correct in this case.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Could I get some clarification of the use of the pronoun "it". What about I do not know if the person is a man or a woman can use it in order to refer to that person. Can you give me an example, please?

Hello ngrl,

We do not use 'it' to talk about people - it would actually be quite insulting! The standard ways in modern English are to say or write either 'he/she' or (more commonly) to use the pronoun 'they' (with a plural verb, even though it refers to one person). For example:

You should see a doctor about your headache. They'll prescribe a painkiller.

I'm meeting my new boss today. I hope they're nice!


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot!
I read an example in a book referring about a game to guess who was the famous person and the question written in the book was "Who is it?" and the shadow of someone. Would this be incorrect?. Thank you very much.That's my last question. :)

Hello ngrl,

You're right that 'it' can be used to talk about people, but in general we don't use 'it' to refer directly to a person – this is what Peter meant. I know this must sound a bit confusing, but fortunately it is explained in the Using "it" to talk about people section on our it and there page. As you'll see from the explanation and examples there, the question you ask about is indeed correct. Please let us know if you have any further questions about this.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello, which is correct: John and me? or John and I?

thank you for you kind reply.


Hello Cinzia,

Traditionally '...and I' was seen as the correct form. However, in modern English both of these are considered acceptable:

John and I went to the shop.

John and me went to the shop.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team


I want to sit for the IELTS exam and my qualifications in the English language is a medium according to assess of British Council web site my question is:
do you Do you think that the study through your web site enough to learn English fluently and then sit for the exam? Or it is necessary that to joined the British Council center