Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

There are many different kinds of pronouns.



Sir , I have a confusion with the tense order of these sentences:
They are supposed to be written in past tense or past continuous.
•She said that they were moving (move) to Canada soon.
•Did you know (know)where Vijay lives? He said he was coming (come) back home today.

Hello Amrita,

The verb forms in those sentences are all correct. 'were moving' and 'was coming' are past continuous and 'did ... know' is past simple. Well done!

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you so much Sir.
I know I keep bothering but I would like to write impeccable English. So sir could you please be kind enough to help me with the following sentences:
•Look there , that is an elephant.
•Look there , it is an elephant.
Is 'that' a demonstrative determiner and 'it' a pronoun or 'that'and 'it' are both determiners?

Hello amrita,

That's great that you have such a lofty goal. We're happy to help you, but I want to suggest that you tell us what you think when you answer questions. First of all, it makes you think (and therefore learn) more, and it also helps us see what you understand or don't understand. It will only help you in your reaching your goal.

But to answer your questions, in both sentences, 'that' and 'it' are pronouns. Determiners go directly with nouns, whereas here both words are the subjects of the verb 'is'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir , thank you very much for the support and encouragement. I shall remain ever grateful.
Well , Sir, while using the preposition 'on' at times it becomes really confusing! Such as in the sentence
• The birds lived on the tree. Or
• The birds lived in the tree.
As far as I understand based on my limited knowledge , both can be correct , the former being American and the latter being British. But there's a doubt whether I'm right or wrong. Sir could you please shed some light. Thank you.

Hello amrita,

Most of the time, we would use 'in' in a sentence like this one, as, at least in the popular imagination, most birds live within the space within the tree branches. If, however, a bird really lived at the top of a tree, above the leaves and branches, then 'on' could be used.

Prepositions are indeed quite difficult in English, as many are used quite irregularly. For 'on', I'd recommend the Cambridge Dictionary's overview of 'at, on and in' and how to use them to speak about space.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir.

Hello sir, could you please tell me whether demonstratives can be subjects of a sentence? For example
•THAT was a brilliant idea.
•THOSE are mine.
Are THAT and THOSE subjects of the sentences?

Hello amrita_enakshi,

These are examples of demonstrative pronouns and they can act as the subject in a sentence, as your examples show.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you sir.
Sir , regarding SIMPLE PAST and PRESENT PERFECT, sometimes it becomes really confusing to understand whether to use the former or the latter. For example :
Instruction given : FILL UP with SIMPLE PAST or PRESENT PERFECT
1> The joggers .............the water can. They must have been very thirsty.(empty)
Ans: emptied
2> Sandy ........... an accident yesterday. He ........ off his scooter.(have , fall)
Ans: had , fell
3> I ...... my pen. Could you lend me one.(lose)
Ans> have lost
Sir are my answers correct? I have done them based on which ans sounds correct. Sir please help me , if there is any rule I can follow by which I can be sure to write correctly. Thank you.