Pronouns are words we use in the place of a full noun.

There are many different kinds of pronouns.



"Budapest, ... is located near the Danube, is a very beautiful city."

Is it which or where? Please also give an explanation to why.

Hello JenA,

'which' is the correct answer here. 'where' can be used in situations where you could say 'at which', but that doesn't work here because the relative pronoun is acting as the subject of the clause.

You can learn more about relative clauses on this and this page.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Do we call it a lost treasure or a missing treasure?
What I understand is, lost treasure is a treasure in a lost ship ( it's called lost cause no one knows its place ) but a missing one means that someone found a lost ship and didn't find the treasure in it so it's missing ( cause it's not in the place where it's expected to be )

Am I right or not? I'm not really sure

Hello uchiha itache,

What you explain makes sense to me, but for the general public I don't think there is a big difference between 'lost' or 'missing' treasure, as most of us don't really encounter treasures. This Wikipedia entry uses both adjectives separated by 'or', which suggests there may be some difference, but it's not clear to me exactly what that might be.

In any case, unless you're speaking to a group of specialist treasure-hunters, either would probably be fine. I'd probably go with 'lost'.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

I want to know the difference between seem and seem to be . I'm confused
I read a sentence in practical English usage saying ( he seem older than he is and it also said that it would be wrong if u used here (seem to be) because it would suggest that he is really older than he is) but I read on Cambridge saying ( he is 16, bet he seems (to be) younger than he is ) which is right and how can I differ between them?

Hello uchiha itache,

Both seem and seem to can be used to describe our impression, which may or may not be correct. For example:

She seems intelligent.

She seems intelligent but she is really quite stupid.

She seems to be intelligent.

She seems to be intelligent but she is really quite stupid.



He seems to be older than he is.

This sentence is not incorrect but it requires a context in which we are still not completely sure about the answer. For example, you might say this if a person claims to be 18 but you find some information which suggests that he is really 23. By using seems to be you show that you are still not 100% certain of the truth. By contrast, if you are completely certain of the person's age then you would say use be:

He is older than he seems.

He is older than he claims.

He is older than he says



The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks a lot . I do get it better but there's still something I don't understand
You said we use both both seem and seem to be to describe our impression. And you also gave me same examples with both of them. Does this mean they're exactly the same? I read that seem is used for subjective impressions and seem to be is used for objective facts..but actually I don't know what both of them ( subjective and objective ) mean .
The boy seems older than he is
The boy seems to be older than he is
They are used to give exactly the same meaning??

One last thing it fine to say it seems like it's going to rain instead of it looks like it's going to rain? If so, please tell me if there's a difference in the meaning .

Hello uchiha itache,

I don't think there is a fixed difference between seem and seems to be. I think there is a tendencey to use seem to be when there is some kind of supporting evidence (documents, another person's information etc), but I don't think this is fixed.

With regard to your other question I don't think there is any difference between seem and think in this context. Both could be used when looking at the sky and both could be used when reading a weather forecast.



The LearnEnglish Team

Kindly help me to fill in the blank:
Each boy & each girl got ............... dues.
5. none of this

Hi British Council,
My company wants to hold an english course for employees. Can you help us, how to list courses here?