pronouns: this, that, these and those

Why do we use this and these?

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

- to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

- to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends, John and Michael.

We don’t say These are John and Michael.
We say This is John and this is Michael.

- to introduce ourselves to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David, Can I speak to Sally?

Why do we use that and those?

We use that (singular) and those (plural):

- to talk about things that are not near us:

What’s that?
This is our house, and that’s Rebecca’s house over there.
Those are very expensive shoes.

- We also use that to refer back to something someone said or did:

  • - Shall we go to the cinema?
    - Yes, that’s a good idea.
  • - I’ve got a new job.
    - That’s great.
  • - I’m very tired.
    - Why is that?

this, these, that, those with nouns

We also use this, these, that and those with nouns to show proximity

We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

… and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?




uhm, "english vocab and grammar" include grammar like this lesson and where can I find the vocab section?
sorry if this question aren't relevant to this lesson

Hello poinsettia.noel,

Our Vocabulary exercises section currently has 30 pages on different topis. We plan to release ten more pages soon, and then will be releasing another 25 pages over the next few months.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi There,

About uncountable nouns, we have to use plural or singular?


This, That advice


These, Those advice

Thank You

Franz Vegetarian

Hello Franz,

Uncount nouns are grammatically singular. You can read more about them on our uncount nouns page.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Why is this not right?
Those trousers are not the righ size. Can I change them?

Hi fabianazabala,

Since we're normally holding whatever purchase we want to return in our hands when we ask this question, the answer marked as correct here is 'These'. But 'Those' could be correct if you weren't holding the trousers in your hand when you asked the question.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi, may I please ask if this sentence is correct?

- These are my jacket and shoes.
- Those are my teddy bear and yo-yo.


Hi Wong Pui Yi,

The first sentence should start with 'This' and the second sentence should start with 'That'.

We choose singular (this/that) or plural (these/those) demonstratives according to the first noun in the list. In your sentences the first nouns ('jacket' and 'teddy bear') are singular, so we use singular demonstratives.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, My Dady is planning to buy a mobile, So he asks me to select one of the given options, and I just simply say "Dad, Which should be brought it depends on you"
Now Could I also say it in the following manners ?
"Dad, Which is to be brought depends on you",
"Dad, Which to be brought depends on you" or
"Dad, Which to bring depends on you" which are right ? And One last question Which Is to be brought (it) depends on you. is 'it' optional in this sentence or not ? please help.

Sir, We go to a mobile shop to buy a mobile 'me and my Dad' Now I see a mobile and say "Dad, let's buy that mobile, that is very fantastic and its battery back is also good" Now writing this sentence I understood something that 'The word That here is demonstrative pronoun or adjective ? but could only it be a subject of sentence ? and in that sentence could we use its, his and her as its possessive pronoun ?