this, that, these and those

 
Topic
pronouns: this, that, these and those

Why do we use this and these?

We use this (singular) and these (plural) as pronouns:

- to talk about people or things near us:

This is a nice cup of tea.
Whose shoes are these?

- to introduce people:

This is Janet.
These are my friends, John and Michael.

WARNING:
We don’t say These are John and Michael.
We say This is John and this is Michael.

- to introduce ourselves to begin a conversation on the phone:

Hello, this is David, Can I speak to Sally?

Why do we use that and those?

We use that (singular) and those (plural):

- to talk about things that are not near us:

What’s that?
This is our house, and that’s Rebecca’s house over there.
Those are very expensive shoes.

- We also use that to refer back to something someone said or did:

  • - Shall we go to the cinema?
    - Yes, that’s a good idea.
  • - I’ve got a new job.
    - That’s great.
  • - I’m very tired.
    - Why is that?

this, these, that, those with nouns

We also use this, these, that and those with nouns to show proximity

We use this and these for people or things near us:

We have lived in this house for twenty years.
Have you read all of these books?

… and that and those for people or things that are not near us:

Who lives in that house?
Who are those people?

Exercise

Comments

Hello The LearnEnglish Team,

We use that for singular and those for plural, then why 'that' is used here:
-to talk about things that are not near us.

Thanks,
Rajneesh

Hello Rajneesh,

In the sentence you mention, 'that' is a relative pronoun. When it is a relative pronoun, 'that' does not change form.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Are these right, why?
Have you got any bottled water?
Sparkling ones.
I have two cars. which one do you like?
What flavour ice-cream is that?
Rasberry ones.

Hello Rezaa,

The answers to the questions are not correct because 'one' and 'ones' are only used with count nouns, and water and ice-cream are uncount nouns as they are used in your questions.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

what do you mean about (((((((((( We also use this, these, that and those with nouns to show proximity))))))))))
to show proximity.....??????

Hello tala90,

One of the main uses of these items is to show what is near ('this'/'these') and what is further away ('that/'those').  That is what is meant by showing proximity.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello ,, is it correct if I said " I don't even remember liking those pages that are appearing on my timeline" and " I laughed like a mad woman because I remembered what we did to those British ladies " thank you in advance and sorry for being a bothersome

Hello HA Qutub,

Yes, those sentences are grammatically correct.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Should it be we need to know all those/these words of slang to survive in a school?

Pages