The verb be has the following forms:

Present simple: Affirmative I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
  Question form: Am I?
Are you?
Is he/she it?
Are we?
Are you?
Are they?
  Negative: I am not/ I’m not
You are not/ aren’t
He/She/It is not/ isn’t
We are not/aren’t
You are not/aren’t
They are not/aren't
 
Past simple   I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
The past participle:   been.  
Present perfect:   has/have been  
Past perfect:   had been  

 The verb be is used in the following patterns:

1. with a noun:

My mother is a teacher.
Bill Clinton was the president of the US.

2. with an adjective:

This soup is very tasty.
The children were good.

2.1 with the -ing form to make the continuous aspect

We were walking down the street.
Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

2.2 with the -ed form to make the passive voice

The house was built in 1890.
The street is called Montagu Street.
This car was made in Japan.

3. with a prepositional phrase:

John and his wife are from Manchester.
The flowers are on the table.

 

 

 

 

 

Comments

hello! need some help with something
now, I've heard before that the following: is, are, was, were can be used as an auxiliary verb, full verb or verb to be EX:

aux verb :

"he is playing football"

full verb:

"they are fifteen years old"

the verb to be:

"My mother is a teacher"

and the point is: I don't understand the difference between "be" as a verb to be and "be" as the full verb help!

Hello Maurox54,

Auxiliary verbs in English are used in many ways. We use them to make questions, negatives, emphatic forms, progressive forms, perfect forms and passive voice, for example. There are a number of verbs used in this way: be, have and do are the most common but there are others.

When we use a verb as an auxiliary it does not have an inherent meaning. It rather has a grammatical function, changing the main verb into a different form. That is why we do not study auxiliary verbs as a category but rather study the forms which they help to make (progressive aspect, passive voice etc.).

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

'Why natural is not always be safe for babies'

This is the headline in newspaper. What is this 'be' doing here?
What if we write it without 'be' ?

Regards

Hello dipakrgandhi,

In my estimation, that is a mistake. I agree with you: 'be' should be omitted. This is probably just an error their proofreader missed.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you!

Dear Team,
Kindly explain me the below context,
We are blessed with a baby boy, and
We have blessed with a baby boy.
Which one is more correct?

Hello rama_bee,

The normal phrase is as follows:

We have been blessed with a baby boy.

 

The phrase is most often used by religious people as it suggests a blessing from God.

The first version ('are blessed') is also grammatically correct but is much less common and would be only used as an announcement at or just after the moment of birth.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Dear Peter,

Thank you very much for the explanation.

RamaB

when to use is+being?could you show me an example?

Hi manuel24,

When we use 'be' in the present continuous, it usually means that we are talking about an event or an action that is happening right now rather than a more permanent quality. For example, if we have a very intelligent friend, we'd say 'She is very intelligent'. But if our friend is doing something senseless, which is uncharacteristic of her, we could say 'She is being stupid' to show that we are referring to this specific action at this specific time and not her general character.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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