With "that"

We can use clauses with that:

• after verbs of thinking:

  • think
  • believe
  • expect
  • decide
  • hope
  • know
  • understand
  • suppose
  • guess
  • imagine
  • feel
  • remember
  • forget

I hope that you will enjoy your holiday.
She didn’t really think that it would happen.
I knew that I had seen her somewhere before.

• after verbs of saying:

  • say
  • admit
  • argue
  • reply
  • agree
  • claim
  • deny
  • mention
  • answer
  • complain
  • explain
  • promise
  • suggest

They admitted that they had made a mistake.
She argued that they should invest more in the business.
The children complained that they had nothing to do.

Note: tell and some other verbs of saying almost always have an indirect object (see clauses, sentences and phrases). There are also some fixed expressions with tell such as tell the truth, tell a lie, tell a story, tell it like it is.

  • tell
  • convince
  • persuade
  • inform
  • remind

We tried to tell them that they should stop what they were doing.
The police informed everybody that the danger was over.

• as postmodifiers after nouns to do with thinking or saying:

  • advice
  • belief
  • claim
  • feeling
  • argument
  • hope
  • promise
  • report
  • guess
  • opinion
  • idea

He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.
I had a funny feeling that something was wrong.

• after some nouns to say more about the noun:

  • fact
  • advantage
  • effect
  • possibility
  • chance
  • danger
  • evidence
  • problem
  • difficulty

She pointed out the danger that they might be left behind.
There was a chance that we would succeed

Note: We often use a that clause to define one of these nouns after the verb be :

  • danger
  • problem
  • chance
  • possibility
  • fact

The danger is that we will be left behind.
The fact is that it is getting very late.

• after some adjectives which describe feelings to give a reason for our feelings:

  • pleased
  • sorry
  • happy
  • unhappy
  • sad
  • excited
  • glad
  • disappointed
  • afraid

I am sorry that you can’t come.
Everybody was pleased that the danger was past.
It is lucky that you were able to drive us home.

No "that"

 NOTE: We can always use a clause without the word that:

They admitted [that] they had made a mistake.
The police informed everybody [that] the danger was over.
I am sorry [that] you can’t come.
There was chance [that] we would succeed.

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hello, Mr. Kirk,
I can't understand why the verb "to help" is used instead of "help" in the following sentence :
He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.

Hello zenger62,

The infinitive here is called an infinitive of purpose. It shows why another action is done:

I spoke to her to explain the problem.

I am doing this to help you.

He made a promise that he would do all he could to help.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thank you, Mr. Peter.
The sentence should be:
He made a promise that he would do all( that )he could (do )to help.
Isn't it?

Hi zenger62,

Yes, that is correct. Often the words in brackets are left out, but it's also correct to use them.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Is this sentence correct?
"He shouted they had to be careful because a car was coming fast towards them."

Hello Shaban Nafea,

Yes, that sentence looks fine to me, grammatically speaking. Of course, whether or not it is appropriate in a given context is a different question.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hello Peter M
This sentence was given to me in a test to find the mistake
How isn't it appropriate in a given context?

Hello Shaban Nafea,

The sentence is fine grammatically. Whether or not it expresses the right idea depends on what you want to say and the particular situation, which we do not have here.

If the sentence was given to you as part of a test then please ask the person who gave it to you rather than asking us. They should be able to clarify it for you.

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Thanks Peter
I appreciate your help so much

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