Some transitive verbs can have a noun phrase as an object:

Everybody likes good food.
George considered the problem.

or the –ing form of the verb:

Everybody likes eating.
George considered starting again.

Note: we suggest that you read about Verbs with to + infinitive before doing this activity.

Exercise

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Comments

Thanks guys, but I have yet another question. What does it mean that modal verbs are defective verbs and don't have -s, infinitive and -ing forms. Is it that you can't have infinitive and ing forms with modals such as "he could be listening to music" or is it that you can't have modals with -s, such as "coulds," infinitive such as "to could" and -ing such as "coulding"

Hello Tim,

I'm not sure I'd use the word 'defective' here as it suggests something which is flawed or not working correctly, and I think modal verbs work perfectly well!

Modal verbs have no -ing form ('shoulding', 'coulding') and do not have different forms (no past form -ed, no third-person 's', no infinitive form). They are followed by an infinitive form, which could be a bare infinitive ('we should go'), a continuous infinitive ('we should be going') or a perfect infinitive ('he should have gone'). Passive forms of the infinitive are also possible.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

In sentences like, " he considered starting again" and "she likes startling me" and "she agreed to stop complaining about her problems." Are "starting" " startling"and "complaining" functioning as gerunds here?

Hello Timmosky,

Yes, that is correct. The -ing form is a gerund here and is the object of the verb.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

If I understand. Correctly, gerunds and infinitives are not affected by verb tense formsforms (present, past progressive). E.g., "I enjoyed seeing the movie" "I've learnt that bickering gives me headache" and I wanted to go, but he didn't." Are all these forms correct?

Hello Tim,

Infinitives and participles are examples of non-finite verb forms and they have no inherent time information. They can refer to any time that the context establishes.

Gerunds are formed with -ing but they function as nouns rather than verbs and so have no time.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Does -ing mean negative ing or does it just mean ing form (either positive or negative)

Hello Timmosky,

The hyphen shows that it is not a word in itself, but rather an ending. In other words, the '-' in '-ing' just means it is an ending that can be put on the end of any base form. It doesn't mean that it's negative.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello,

I enjoy watching my favourite team win.
why can't I say: I enjoy to watch my favourite team winning?
Can you provide me with a link about the rules regarding my question?

Thank you in advance.

Hello Firas961,

'I enjoy to watch' is not correct and 'I enjoy watching' is correct. I'm afraid this is just a pattern that you have to learn. There is a good list of these kinds of verb patterns on this Cambridge Dictionary verb patterns page.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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