delexical verbs like have, take, make and give

 

Delexical verbs:
have, take, make, give, go and do

We often use common verbs like have and take with nouns like a shower, a drink:

I took a shower. = I showered.
She had a drink. = She drank something.

We call these delexical verbs because the important part of the meaning is taken out of the verb and put into the noun.

We often put adjectives in front of the noun:

I took a cold shower.
She had a nice, refreshing drink.

The verbs used most frequently in this way are:

have     take     make     give


have

We use have with:

Food and drink: a meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, a cup of tea
Talking: a chat, a conversation, a discussion, a talk
Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash, a scrub
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest
Disagreeing: an argument, a dispute, a fight, a quarrel

I had a good breakfast before I left home.
We had a long talk about the problem.
The kids should have a bath before they go to bed.
She generally had a short holiday in July or August.
They had a serious quarrel about their father’s will.

We also use have with nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should have a look at this.
She had a bite of the cake.
I’m thirsty. I’m going to have a drink of water.
I had a listen to that new CD in the car.
They are going to have a swim.
 

Exercise

take

We use take with:

Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest

I always take a cold shower in the morning.
You look tired. You need to take a break.

and with these words:

care

a turn

trouble

a chance

a decision

care of

turns

the trouble

a risk

a photograph

We took hundreds of photographs on holiday.
Jane always takes a lot of trouble with her homework.

We also use take with some nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should take a look at this.
Let’s take a walk.
They are going to take a swim.

Exercise

Exercise

give

We use give with:

Noises: a cry, a laugh, a scream, a shout, a whistle
Facial expressions: a smile, a grin, a look, a glance
Hitting: a kick, a punch, a slap, a push, a knock, a blow
Affectionate actions: a hug, a kiss, a stroke
Talking: some advice, an answer, some information, an interview,
a lecture, some news, a report, a speech, a talk, a warning

She gave a loud laugh.
John gave a happy smile.
He gave me a nasty kick on the leg.
She gave the children a goodnight kiss and put them to bed.
I have to give a speech at the meeting tomorrow.

 

Exercise

make

We use make with:

Talking and sounds: a comment, an enquiry, a noise, a point,
a promise, a sound, a speech, a suggestion
Plans: arrangements, a choice, a decision, a plan, plans, an appointment, a date

Try not to make a noise.
They made arrangements to meet the next day.

 

Exercise

Exercise

go

We also use go and do as delexical verbs:

Shall we go swimming this afternoon? Or shall we go for a walk?
It’s your turn to do the cooking.
I’ll have to do my hair before the party.

We use go with –ing verbs for common activities:

We usually go walking at the weekend.
He goes running every evening after supper.
Mum’s out. She’s gone shopping.

We use go for a with verbs to do with moving:

a jog     a ride     a swim     a run     a stroll     a walk

I want to get out of here. Let’s go for a walk.
He’s gone for a ride on his bike.

Exercise

do

We use do the with –ing nouns to do with work, especially work in the house:

It’s your turn to do the cooking.
You do the washing up and I’ll do the drying.

and with other nouns to do with work:

I need to do a few jobs around the house.
I can’t come out this evening. I have a lot of work to do.

We use do with nouns when it is obvious what the action is:

I’ll have to do my hair before we go out. = I’ll have to brush my hair.
Have you done your teeth? = Have you cleaned your teeth?

A question like

Have you done the car?

could mean

Have you washed the car?
Have you mended the car?
Have you put petrol in the car?

depending on the context.

 

Exercise

Exercise

Comments

Hi!

I have a question about the exercise of verb DO (delexical verbs 8, clause 3). In the clause "whenever we have a big family dinner, my mum cooks and my dad ... afterwards". The answer you have chosen is: "does the dishes";
My question is: why is not possible "does the washing-up"? (and so the answer "both: they're the same"). Because I have searched the meaning of both expressions and in the dictionary it seems to be the same meaning, but the only difference that appears is that the expression "washing-up" its informal.
Thank you very much for the answer.

Best wishes,

Nuras

Ps: If I make lots of mistakes, please, feel you comfortable to correct my phrases and expressions (I'm trying to learn the English language correctly)

Hi Nuras,

Thank you for pointing this out to us. The correct answer should indeed be 'both' for this question and I have edited the exercise to make it so.

Best wishes and thanks again,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

sir thanks for adding me to the world of real english language .
i m new to this site and as-well to the english language .
sir i have doubt in my mind regarding be+infinitive .
why we use them ? how one can proper use them ?
your suggestion will really help me .
thanks again for your support

Hello baaz,

It would be easier to reply to your question if you provided an example sentence, as otherwise I have to rather guess at what you mean.  I guess you mean something like the following example:

He is to start work on Thursday.

The 'be + infinitve with to' form is a future form.  It is generally used in official or formal contexts to express intentions or arrangements, particularly those decided by some other authority.

I hope that answers your question.  Please let me know if my guess was wrong and your question was about something else.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi,
I have a doubt in these sentences,
I’m thirsty. I’m going to have a drink of water. (you mentioned)
I’m thirsty. I’m going to take a drink of water.
would you like to take a cup of tea?
would you like to have a cup of tea?

Hi Sridhar_45,

It is possible to use 'take' in these sentences but it would have a rather different meaning: that you are taking it from somewhere, or take it with you. Generally speaking, if we are talking just about eating or drinking without any other meaning then we use 'have'.

Best wishes,

 

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Someone could please explain what's different between 'have done sth' and ' have done with sth ' such as I could not have done with a cup of coffee this morning. But we say, i have done my teeth?

Hi Question,

have done something is the verb do used in the present perfect, and can mean a lot of different things depending on the context. to do with is an expression that you can find in our dictionary (see the search box on the lower right), where you'll also find an entry for could do with, which I think might be the meaning you're wondering about.

This expression, which is used with could or could have, is another way of saying that you really want something. For example, "I could really do with a coffee!" or "I could really have done with a coffee!" mean that you want (or in the second sentence, wanted) a coffee.

I hope this helps you.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

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