Delexical verbs:
have, take, make, give, go and do

We often use common verbs like have and take with nouns like a shower, a drink:

I took a shower. = I showered.
She had a drink. = She drank something.

We call these delexical verbs because the important part of the meaning is taken out of the verb and put into the noun.

We often put adjectives in front of the noun:

I took a cold shower.
She had a nice, refreshing drink.

The verbs used most frequently in this way are:

have     take     make     give


have

We use have with:

Food and drink: a meal, breakfast, lunch, dinner, a snack, a cup of tea
Talking: a chat, a conversation, a discussion, a talk
Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash, a scrub
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest
Disagreeing: an argument, a dispute, a fight, a quarrel

I had a good breakfast before I left home.
We had a long talk about the problem.
The kids should have a bath before they go to bed.
She generally had a short holiday in July or August.
They had a serious quarrel about their father’s will.

We also use have with nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should have a look at this.
She had a bite of the cake.
I’m thirsty. I’m going to have a drink of water.
I had a listen to that new CD in the car.
They are going to have a swim.
 

Exercise

take

We use take with:

Washing: a bath, a shower, a wash
Resting: a break, a holiday, a rest

I always take a cold shower in the morning.
You look tired. You need to take a break.

and with these words:

care

a turn

trouble

a chance

a decision

care of

turns

the trouble

a risk

a photograph

We took hundreds of photographs on holiday.
Jane always takes a lot of trouble with her homework.

We also use take with some nouns formed from verbs:

I think you should take a look at this.
Let’s take a walk.
They are going to take a swim.

Exercise

Exercise

give

We use give with:

Noises: a cry, a laugh, a scream, a shout, a whistle
Facial expressions: a smile, a grin, a look, a glance
Hitting: a kick, a punch, a slap, a push, a knock, a blow
Affectionate actions: a hug, a kiss, a stroke
Talking: some advice, an answer, some information, an interview,
a lecture, some news, a report, a speech, a talk, a warning

She gave a loud laugh.
John gave a happy smile.
He gave me a nasty kick on the leg.
She gave the children a goodnight kiss and put them to bed.
I have to give a speech at the meeting tomorrow.

 

Exercise

make

We use make with:

Talking and sounds: a comment, an enquiry, a noise, a point,
a promise, a sound, a speech, a suggestion
Plans: arrangements, a choice, a decision, a plan, plans, an appointment, a date

Try not to make a noise.
They made arrangements to meet the next day.

 

Exercise

Exercise

go and do

We also use go and do as delexical verbs:

Shall we go swimming this afternoon? Or shall we go for a walk?
It’s your turn to do the cooking.
I’ll have to do my hair before the party.

go

We use go with –ing verbs for common activities:

We usually go walking at the weekend.
He goes running every evening after supper.
Mum’s out. She’s gone shopping.

We use go for a with verbs to do with moving:

a jog     a ride     a swim     a run     a stroll     a walk

I want to get out of here. Let’s go for a walk.
He’s gone for a ride on his bike.

Exercise

do

We use do the with –ing nouns to do with work, especially work in the house:

It’s your turn to do the cooking.
You do the washing up and I’ll do the drying.

and with other nouns to do with work:

I need to do a few jobs around the house.
I can’t come out this evening. I have a lot of work to do.

We use do with nouns when it is obvious what the action is:

I’ll have to do my hair before we go out. = I’ll have to brush my hair.
Have you done your teeth? = Have you cleaned your teeth?

A question like

Have you done the car?

could mean

Have you washed the car?
Have you mended the car?
Have you put petrol in the car?

depending on the context.

 

Exercise

Exercise

Section: 

Comments

Hi team learnEnglish
I have a question about "have to" and "will have to ".

Can I use the sentence " I have to work tomorrow." to replace " I will have to work tomorrow." ?

My english teacher told that " I have to work tomorrow." is not correct.
But I don't agree with my teacher.

Could I get the answer from the LearnEnglis Team. Thanks.
Sincerely
Aston

Hi s41154,

We do not get involved in discussions between teachers and their students like this. It's not appropriate, for a number of reasons. First, the context is very important. A structure may be possible in a sentence but sound very unnatural in the broader context. In addition, a teacher may wish to restrict the range of possible answers in order to ensure a certain structure is practised.

In general terms, without referring to this particular example, I can tell you that 'have to' can have a future meaning without 'will'. For example, it is quite correct to say 'I have to work tomorrow'. That said, there is a subtle difference between the two examples you give. If the sentence is '...I have to...' then the assumption is that the speaker already knows the answer (i.e. they already know their work schedule). If the sentence is '...I will have to...' then the speaker may not know (i.e. they may only find out later that day). It is a subtle difference, as I said, but it may be key in the context.

 

Best wishes,

Peter

The LearnEnglish Team

Sorry, the complete sentences is " Alice want to know whether I will have to work tomorrow."

There are two examples for verb "do" in "go" section

Hello Richard,

Thanks for pointing this out to us. I've changed the headings a bit so that the organisation of the page is clearer.

Thanks again!

Best wishes,

Kirk

The LearnEnglish Team

Hi everyone,
I would like to know why I have to remove the to in the following sentence:
People's excitement gave to the dull Monday a second chance.
Thank you

Hello inkyiris,

When it has the meaning of 'offer' or 'provide', as in this sentence, there are two typical word orders that follow it:

  1. give + indirect object (receiver) + direct object (thing given)
  2. give + direct object (thing given) + to + indirect object (receiver)

In your sentence 'the dull Monday' is the indirect object and 'a second chance' is the direct object, so 'to' would only be used when 'the dull Monday' comes second.

All the best,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Hello BC Team!

I would be glad to know how to make an indirect speech of:
"John ! Where are you? I've been looking you around. Can you come here?" Patrick said.

I feel difficult as it includes multiple set of sentences , moreover of the questionnaire type.

Regards.

Hello mabirendra,

Please read through our reported speech 1 and 2 pages to see how it works. Then, on one of those pages, please tell us what you think the indirect version ('indirect speech' and 'reported speech' are the same here) of this sentence is and we'll be happy to correct any errors and understand them.

Best wishes,
Kirk
The LearnEnglish Team

Sir, I am mistaken. My apologies.
Its reported speech.

Please guide me Sir.
Regards.

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