1. Some verbs have two objects –an indirect object and a direct object:

Subject Verb Indirect object Direct object
My wife sent me an email
He brought his mother some flowers
He cooked all his friends a delicious meal

These clauses have the structure: V + N (indirect object) + N (direct object)

2. We can use a prepositional phrase with to or for with an indirect object:


Subject Verb Direct object Prepositional phrase
My wife sent an email to me
He brought some flowers for his mother
He cooked a delicious meal for all his friends.

These clauses have the structure : V + N (direct object) + Prepositional phrase (indirect object)

3. Common verbs with for and an indirect object are:

  • book
  • buy
  • get
  • cook
  • keep
  • bring
  • make
  • pour
  • save
  • find

They booked a table for me at the restaurant.
We made toys for all the children.

4. Common verbs with to and an indirect object are:

  • give
  • lend
  • offer
  • pass
  • post
  • read
  • sell
  • send
  • show
  • promise
  • tell

He gave his programme to the man sitting next to him.
They sent Christmas cards to all their customers.

5. If the indirect object is a long phrase we normally use to or for:

He showed his ticket to the policeman standing by the door.
We kept something to eat and drink for all the people who arrived late.

6. If the indirect object is a pronoun we normally use the N + V + N + N pattern:

I poured him another drink.
Their mother read them another story.






Good Evening,
While studying the double object topic,
He gave his programme to the man sitting next to him.
(in this sentence [to the man]is direct object, so which part is indirect object.)

They sent Christmas cards to all their customers.
(in this sentence [to all their customers] is direct object which part is indirect object.]

Hello asr09,

'to the man' and 'to all their customers' are not direct objects. They are prepositional phrases acting as indirect objects. The direct objects of these two sentences are 'his programme' and 'Christmas cards' respectively.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

What is the answer? Please help.

If anyone calls me, tell them I ... to the airport.
A. go
B. have gone
C. have been
D. was going

Hello vannak,

I'm afraid we don't provide answers for questions from elsewhere. It's not our role to do people's homework or tests for them!


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

could you please clarify this confusion concerning the subject/ verb agreement when noun and pronoun subjects are followed by prepositional phrase (some of/ half of/ none of/more of / all of)
so which sentence is correct?
None of my friends speak German.
None of my friends speaks German.

can you please integrate a lesson about this on your website? because its the only website I trust as a source of learning English.

Hello Imenouaer,

Our quantifiers page deals with this topic in some detail. There are different patterns depending on the specific determiner or quantifier that you use. If you have any other specific questions after reading through that page, please feel free to ask us in the Comments section on that page.

Traditionally, a verb after 'none of' + noun was always singular, but in informal contexts nowadays, a plural verb is also commonly used. If you're writing or speaking should be more formal, then I'd recommend using a singular verb -- otherwise, plural would probably be best.

All the best,
The LearnEnglish Team

Hi. I have a question regarding prepositional verbs that have a direct object and prepositional phrase, for example:
She put a book in her backpack.
The normal order for these verbs is S + V + DO + PO.
But what if the direct object is a very long phrase. Would it be grammatically correct to swap the order of DO and PO as in follows:
She put in her backpack a book, a bottle of water, wet wipes as wells as a flashlight.

Hello exvano,

While it is not impossible to position the object in that way, and may be a rhetorical device in literature, for example, generally it is not done and makes the sentence feel unnatural in most contexts.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team

hi kirk

if you were talented person that you could have start the construction company.

are the sentence grammatically correct? and does any make sense?

best regards

Hi hussein,

It's not quite correct but the sense is clear - a hypothetical comment. The correct sentence would be:

If you were a talented person you could have started a/the construction company.

The article in the second clause will depend on the context. If you are talking about a specific company (which already exists but was started by someone else) then 'the' will be appropriate. If you are talking in more general terms then 'a' will be correct.


Best wishes,


The LearnEnglish Team